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Americans leading healthier lives, reducing risk of death from heart disease, UCSF study finds

American adults are leading healthier lives and thus are significantly reducing their risk of heart disease mortality, according to a new University of California, San Francisco study recently published in The Journal of American College of Cardiology (October 1, 2001).

"Reductions in heart disease risk factors, such as smoking, blood pressure and cholesterol levels, represent a major public triumph," said Lee Goldman, MD, MPH, lead author of the study and chair of the UCSF Department of Medicine. "We found that substantial reductions in heart disease risk factors are well worth the cost, in part because of reductions achieved by the American publics positive changes in lifestyle and habits."

In fact, UCSF researchers found that reductions in heart disease risk factors dramatically reduced the number of heart disease related deaths among Americans by 430,000 annually - and overall deaths by 740,000 annually.

Goldman adds that most of the decline in heart disease related deaths were due to reductions in blood pressure and cholesterol levels, while reductions in non-heart disease related mortality were attributed to a fall in smoking rates.

UCSF researchers analyzed the data of the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Policy Model, a validated computer simulation model of heart disease among the Americans between the ages of 35 and 84.

Using this information, they estimated the blood pressure and cholesterol levels and the smoking characteristics of the US adult population during the period of 1981 to 1990 and then projected those estimates to 2015. The researchers then estimated the costs of the population-wide medical efforts initiated to reduce heart disease risk factors (ie: blood pressure and cholesterol screening and treatments, anti-smoking campaigns, smoking cessation programs) and their impact on heart disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality.

UCSF researchers report that from 1981 to 1990 much of the reduction
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Contact: Bill Gordon
bgordon@pubaff.ucsf.edu
415-476-2557
University of California - San Francisco
28-Sep-2001


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