HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Animal studies prove hormone replacement therapy improves memory, report Pitt researchers

PITTSBURGH, Nov. 5 For estrogen to enhance learning and memory, nerve cells in the brain called cholinergic neurons are essential to the process, suggest animal studies performed by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy and reported in the November issue of Hormones and Behavior, the official journal of the Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology.

"Estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women has important effects on mood and cognition. This research was focused on trying to understand what estrogen does in the brain to reduce the effects on brain aging and cognitive decline," stated Robert Gibbs, Pharm.D., associate professor of pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy.

In the study, rats had their ovaries removed and some of the animals had specific cholinergic neurons destroyed. A few weeks after surgery, most of the animals were put on estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), while some were not. Four weeks after ERT, the animals were placed several times in a maze to test their memory and performance. Rats that had their ovaries removed with subsequent ERT outperformed rats on various tasks without ERT. The ability of estrogen to enhance performance was lost in animals that had specific cholinergic neurons removed.

"This tells us that the cholinergic neurons are necessary for estrogen to enhance performance in this model," explained Dr. Gibbs.

"We have shown, as in previous studies, that acute and short-term estrogen replacement can significantly enhance the functional status of cholinergic neurons. These results give us hope that estrogen may help to significantly reduce the risk of Alzheimer's-related dementia in postmenopausal women, possibly by affecting these cholinergic neurons," added Dr. Gibbs.

While there have been some studies on the effects of hormone replacement therapy in cognitive decline in postmenopausal women, many experts say further studies n
'"/>

Contact: Maureen McGaffin
412-647-3555
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
5-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Animal study shows link between nicotine and atrial flutter
2. Animal studies show stem cells might make biological pacemaker
3. Animal study suggests safer immunization approach to Alzheimers
4. Animal model, new grant, propel UB researchers forward in search for tinnitus treatment
5. Animal model shows early promise for SARS vaccine
6. Understanding Alzheimers disease: Animal research points to new direction for therapy
7. Animal-based nutrients linked with higher risk of stomach and esophageal cancers
8. Animal studies indicate new approach for treating end-stage skin and kidney cancers
9. Animal study show that heat-sensitive liposome improves chemotherapy delivery to tumors
10. Animal model shows pain and tissue injury in newborns alters nerve circuitry and reaction to pain later in life
11. AVANT Atherosclerosis Vaccine Raises HDL, Reduces Atherosclerosis In Vaccinated Animals

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ProVest Insurance Group, a ... Miami, and Raleigh regions, is organizing an extended charity drive to benefit the ... chromosome abnormality. , After struggling since birth with several health challenges, T.J. was ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... As health professionals work to improve their approach to healthcare, there is ... than filling out a survey; in many cases health professionals and patients are working ... and research on the importance of active engagement with patients and members of the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... The American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM) Board of Directors has selected Warren ... James C. Puffer upon his retirement. Dr. Newton will serve in the position of ... end of 2018. Upon assuming the role of President and CEO on January 1, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Las Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... of 7® Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum ... CBD dose required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office of Somekh & ... and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office remain up to ... with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel was founded ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)... 2017 AVACEN Medical (AVACEN) announced that its ... helping those with the widespread pain associated with fibromyalgia ... in Essex, England commented, "I ... experiencing no sleep at all, tremendous pain, with every ... recommend [the AVACEN 100] enough, how this has and ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... , Sept. 18, 2017 EpiVax, ... of bioinformatics and immune engineering, today announced ... influenza A (H7N9) vaccine. ... to seasonal influenza and presents a challenge ... prior exposure to be effective. Using state-of-the-art ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... 12, 2017  ValGenesis Inc., the global leader ... pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. ... Board of Directors and Chairman of Advisory Board ... science companies to manage their entire validation lifecycle ... in this process. Furthermore, ValGenesis VLMS enables rigorous ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: