HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Artificial organs

t.

In a bid to beat the problem, Borenstein teamed up with transplant surgeon Vacanti, who in 1997 famously grew a human ear from cartilage cells on the back of a mouse. The idea the pair hatched involves copying the blood vessel network of a real liver and using 3D computer modelling and machining to mimic its construction.

First, they injected a liquid plastic into the blood vessels of a liver. Once the plastic had solidified, they dissolved the liver tissue, leaving a solid cast of the organ's blood vessels. From this model they were able to take measurements of vessel diameters, branching angles and the distances between vessels. They fed the numbers into software that built a 3D fractal-like computer model of a liver's blood supply. When they simulated blood flowing through the "liver", it had the same blood flow properties as the living system, says Borenstein.

The 3D blood vessel model is then "sliced up" inside the computer, dividing the model into a series of horizontal layers, each of which is used to make a silicon mould. PLGA is then poured into each mould to make the many slices that when sandwiched together, under pressure and heat, create a scaffold for the artificial liver. It's shot through with channels as small as the finest capillaries and as large as the organ's main veins and arteries.

The scaffold then has to be seeded with the cells that make up the solid part of the liver. As well as hepatocytes, which perform key liver functions such as breaking down toxins and metabolising proteins and carbohydrates, there are at least six other types of cells. Borenstein says there are two possible ways of seeding this complex network of different cell types. You could seed each layer separately with different cell types, or inject them from the outside. But the pair won't yet say how this is done.

To get the blood supply working, a solution of endothelial cells, the cells that normally line blood vessels, is pumped into t
'"/>

Contact: Claire Bowles
claire.bowles@rbi.co.uk
44-207-331-2751
New Scientist
24-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Artificial liver trials show progress, as transplant candidates wait
2. Artificial liver moves toward commercialization
3. New Type Of Artificial Surfactant Shows Promise In Treating Lung Disease
4. Trial Begins For First Artificial Liver Device Using Human Cells
5. Infectious agent linked to mad cow disease found in organs other than the brain
6. Blacks and poor more likely to donate than receive many types of transplant organs
7. Study finds HER2-positive breast cancer invades organs due to fatal chemical attraction
8. Targeting cell fusion as possible way to repair organs, deliver cancer vaccines
9. Improved procurement could more than double availability of life-saving transplant organs
10. Imaging study reveals effect of smoking on peripheral organs
11. PET scans show cigarette smoke affects peripheral organs

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/26/2017)... , ... May 26, 2017 , ... “THE FLINTHILLS FAMILY-Our Journey to the Cross”: the ... Journey to the Cross” is the creation of published authors, Bob and Margaret Massey. ... to say, he is "panther quick and leather tough." His love for others is ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Garden of Eden”: retells the stories of three Bible figures in modern terms. “Just ... mother, trader, horse farmer, artist and a former GM journeyman. Born in 1953 in ... moved to Dayton, Ohio, where Penny graduated high school. At sixteen, she toured France ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Water damage to the flooring of several classrooms ... left education officials with a number of critical issues to address before students could ... be accomplished with little or no disruption to class schedules. Second, the project had ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... In modern research, success depends ... instruments for research and understanding the basic principles that were designed to drive ... innovations in stereo microscopy for brightfield and fluorescence typically used in laboratories working ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... Laguna Hills, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... solutions, announced today its participation in nVerge 2017 – a one-day technology conference in ... , Altec’s document management solution, which allows users to fully utilize and enhance their ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/18/2017)... , May 18, 2017  Two Bayer U.S. Pharmaceutical ... (HBA) during its recent 28 th Woman ... The event showcases HBA,s longstanding mission of furthering the ... healthcare. Cindy Powell-Steffen , senior director ... Radiology division, and Libby Howe , a regional ...
(Date:5/15/2017)... Enterin Inc., a privately-held CNS pharmaceutical company based ... to treat Parkinson,s disease (PD), has enrolled the first patient ... randomized, controlled, multicenter study involving patients with PD and taking ... over a 9-to-12-month period. The first stage is open label ... Participating sites include Denver , ...
(Date:5/10/2017)... Hologic, Inc. (Nasdaq: HOLX ) ... second quarter ended April 1, 2017 .   GAAP ... compared to the prior year period as the sale ... gain, while non-GAAP diluted EPS of $0.50 increased 6.4%.  ... constant currency terms.  Excluding the effects of blood screening ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: