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Behavior plays key role in disease development and control, according to 10-year prospective review

isordered eating, and interpersonal therapy, originally intended for depression, has been shown to significantly reduce binge episodes. Although research in the past decade has shown that genetic influences predispose some people to obesity, it is becoming clear that the main reason obesity is increasing in the United States is due to a "toxic environment" that implicity discourages physical activity while explicity encouraging the consumption of supersized portions of high-fat, high-sugar foods. Bold public policy initiatives may help prevent the development of obesity.

  • Diabetes - Diabetes management depends almost entirely on behavioral self-regulation. Research over the past decade provides strong evidence that the use of intensive treatment regimens to maintain tighter glucose control can delay or prevent the development of some of the devastating long-term complications of diabetes, and clinical health psychology plays a major role in developing these management programs. As for prevention, psychologists and behavioral scientists are just beginning to play a prominent role in diabetes prevention and genetic risk screening. Also, as with obesity, a public health approach that encourages healthier eating and more physical activity is needed.

    Other issues addressed in the special issue include psychological and behavioral interventions for cancer patients, organ transplant patients, somatoform disorders, physical activity and exercise, peptic ulcer and inflammatory bowel disease, end-stage renal disease, chronic pain, irritable bowel syndrome, smoking cessation, HIV/AIDS prevention, genetic testing, arthritis, women's reproductive health, recurrent headache disorders, hypertension, emotional disorders in primary care, and adolescent health.

    Technology is likely to continue to play a major role in behavioral medicine research and practice, according to the authors of a closing article. Internet-based programs are showing promising
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  • Contact: David Partenheimer
    dpartenheimer@apa.org
    202-336-5706
    American Psychological Association
    23-Jun-2002


    Page: 1 2 3 4

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