HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Blocking enzyme found to ease anxiety without causing sedation

The trouble with most anti-anxiety drugs is that they tend to sedate, not just relax. A research team led by scientists at UCSF's Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center has shown that de-activating a common enzyme in neurons reduces anxiety without inducing sedation. The study in mice suggests a new route to treat anxiety while avoiding sedating and possibly addicting effects.

The research, published in the October issue of The Journal of Clinical Investigation, also showed that blocking the enzyme reduced levels of stress hormones. The same issue of the journal includes a commentary on the research (Anxiolytic Drug Targets: Beyond the Usual Suspects) by Joshua A. Gordon of Columbia University's Center for Neurobiology and Behavior.

Anti-anxiety drugs such as Valium often leave people sedated, less capable at mental tasks, and can become addicting, whereas drugs without these side effects -- such as some antidepressants -- may not reduce anxiety as well, said Robert Messing, MD, UCSF professor of neurology at the Gallo Research Center and senior author on the paper.

But in the new study, mice lacking the enzyme showed reduced anxiety while maintaining normal levels of alertness and learning abilities, the researchers reported.

The enzyme, known as protein kinase C epsilon (PKC epsilon), is present in many neurons in the brain, but its role is not well known. Its ability to affect anxiety but not sedation may stem from indirect, rather than direct action, the researchers found.

When the neurotransmitter GABA binds to proteins on the surface of many neurons, known as GABA-A receptors, the neurons become less active, which tends to reduce anxiety. Drugs such as Valium act by increasing the action of GABA at the GABA-A receptors. A group of brain molecules derived from progesterone, known as neurosteroids, also act to increase the action at the GABA-A receptor, and thereby reduce anxiety. But PKC epsilon appears to make the GA
'"/>

Contact: Wallace Ravven
wravven@pubaff.ucsf.edu
415 476-2557
University of California - San Francisco
2-Oct-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Blocking molecules protects health of implants
2. Blocking selected neurotransmitter activity may decrease alcohol consumption
3. Blocking immune response to spinal cord injury can improve chances for recovery
4. Blocking pathway overcomes tumor vessel resistance to radiation
5. Blocking adhesion protein may reduce lung damage from radiation
6. Blocking gene may reduce lung scarring caused by radiation therapy
7. Scientists discover enzyme crucial to the transportation of proteins within cells
8. Scientists discover enzyme crucial to HIV replication
9. Study shows coenzyme Q10 may prevent migraine
10. New information about heart enzymes could lead to better treatments
11. Researchers identify enzyme that may turn fleeting experience into lasting memory

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Datta Endoscopic Back Surgery and Pain ... endoscopic practice under Dr. Datta. Patel is a Board Certified Anesthesiologist, with additional ... eDiscSculpt Technique created and used by Datta Endoscopic is unlike traditional back surgery ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... People ... for older people. “Wearing a hearing aid doesn’t have the stigma it had when ... & Hearing Associates of Greater Boston, in a NALA North American Speaker Series ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Intellitec ... Brooke Grove Foundation implement a Microsoft Dynamics GP solution that integrates to their ... expert that specializes in long-term care, Brooke Grove now has the capability to ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Christie Medical Holdings, Inc. , with its market-leading ... Medical Inc. , a leader in infusion therapy and pain management. , Intravenous ... percent of hospital patients receiving a peripheral IV catheter as part of their treatment ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... Dan Gasby the 2017 Public Leadership in Neurology Award (PLINA). The couple joins ... athlete Tedy Bruschi, Vice President Walter Mondale, actor Michael J. Fox and former ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/24/2017)... 24, 2017 Solentim, the developer of ... addition of a major new product line called ... The VIPS has been developed for automatically seeding ... as part of the process to generate clonally-derived ... and more reliable solution when compared to traditional ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 ... "Global Biosimilar Pipeline and Market Prospects: Addressing Production ... report to their offering. ... "Global Biosimilar Pipeline and Market Prospects: ... Design" provides an in-depth assessment of the current trends ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 2017  AbbVie (NYSE: ABBV), a global biopharmaceutical ... chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients with ... compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) achieved sustained virologic response ... its investigational, pan-genotypic regimen of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P). These ... 12 weeks of G/P treatment without ribavirin. Patients ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: