HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Brief exposure to Mandarin can help American infants learn Chinese

tested to see if they could distinguish between two Mandarin sounds that do not occur in English. Americans often hear both sounds as "chee" or "she." These sounds are difficult for adult Americans to distinguish between but present no problem for native Mandarin speakers.

In the first study, normally developing 9-month-olds were exposed to Mandarin during a dozen 25-minutes sessions spaced out over four weeks. During these sessions, native Mandarin speakers read from children's books and played with toys while speaking Mandarin. Four different speakers, two men and two women, conducted the sessions, so the babies were exposed to a variety of speaking styles. A control group of infants was exposed to the same procedure in English.

Both groups then were tested for their ability to distinguish between the two Mandarin sounds using a head-turn conditioning procedure that is frequently used in tests of infant speech perception. The infants exposed to Mandarin were significantly better at distinguishing the two target sounds than were infants who only heard English. In fact, the performance of the American infants exposed to Mandarin for the first time between 9 and 10 months was statistically equivalent to infants in Taiwan who had listened to Mandarin for 10 months, according to Kuhl. The results show that the decline in foreign-language speech perception can be reversed with short-term exposure, she said.

In addition, the phonetic learning of Mandarin appears to be long lasting. The American infants were tested from two to 12 days after their last exposure to Mandarin and the researchers found there were no significant differences in their ability to discriminate between the sounds.

"In previous learning studies babies were exposed to artificial languages for a few minutes and no one expected that kind of exposure to produce long-lasting effects," said Kuhl "We predicted that learning in this natural situation would produce a longer lasting eff
'"/>

Contact: Joel Schwarz
joels@u.washington.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington
17-Feb-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Institute of Medicine advisory: Jan. 12 Briefing on Complementary and Alternative Medicine
2. LA BioMed Medical/Research Briefs December 2004
3. National Academies Advisory: April 1 Public Briefing on Safety of Dietary Supplements
4. Brief mail- and computer-generated interventions work best for problem drinking among young people
5. Academy launches eBriefings Web site to help scientists
6. Brief telephonic questionnaire detects early signs of dementia
7. Brief exercise improves mental performance in people with chronic lung disease
8. APA Annual Meeting Media Briefings Schedule
9. Schedule Of APA Media Briefings
10. Experts To Discuss Findings From New Lewin Group Study In Conference Call Briefing
11. Multi-center study shows direct link between residential radon exposure and lung cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Brief exposure Mandarin can help American infants learn Chinese

(Date:7/31/2014)... Dublin, Ohio (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... solutions for health care, announces the release of a “Twelve ... web seminar for hospitals that are evaluating Health Information Service ... 2. Hospitals that utilize MEDITECH and Epic electronic health ... order to exchange transitions of care using the Direct protocol. ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... 2014 A cancer diagnosis is crushing and ... and resume normal lives. This is particularly true of prostate ... one in seven American men but which when detected early, ... rate of nearly 100% and a ten-year survival rate of ... diagnosed with the disease do not die from it. There ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... its latest blog post, Best Drug Rehabilitation , which ... during a stay in rehab can make a big difference ... on nine secrets that addicts don’t want others to know. ... an addict from a mile away, and totally understand what’s ... Per Wickstrom . “However, take it from me: spotting ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... July 31, 2014 In its latest blog ... and believes that having family close by during a stay ... not the process is successful, is looking at 10 tips ... , “Addiction recovery is a lifelong process, and one ... be committed to without compromise,” commented Best Drug Rehabilitation’s CEO ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Oregon (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... properties and digestibility, erythritol has long been used ... such as stevia and monk fruit. However consistent, ... In an effort to meet food and beverage ... sourcing, Steviva Ingredients has launched GMO-free ErysweetTM Erythritol. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Updox Introduces Resources to Help Hospitals Choose the Right HISP for Direct Messaging 2Health News:Updox Introduces Resources to Help Hospitals Choose the Right HISP for Direct Messaging 3Health News:Updox Introduces Resources to Help Hospitals Choose the Right HISP for Direct Messaging 4Health News:Restoring Intimacy after Prostate Cancer; Dr. Daniel Watter with Morris Psychological Group Offers Tips for Patients and their Partners 2Health News:Restoring Intimacy after Prostate Cancer; Dr. Daniel Watter with Morris Psychological Group Offers Tips for Patients and their Partners 3Health News:Restoring Intimacy after Prostate Cancer; Dr. Daniel Watter with Morris Psychological Group Offers Tips for Patients and their Partners 4Health News:Latest Best Drug Rehabilitation Blog Posts Focuses on Nine Secrets Addicts Don’t Want Others to Know 2Health News:Latest Best Drug Rehabilitation Blog Posts Focuses on Nine Secrets Addicts Don’t Want Others to Know 3Health News:New Best Drug Rehabilitation Blog Posts Looks at 10 Tips for Coping After Drug or Alcohol Rehab 2Health News:Steviva Ingredients Launches Erysweet Erythritol 2
(Date:7/30/2014)... Calif. , July 30, 2014  El Camino ... improve patient care, is utilizing the Leaf Patient Monitoring ... the position and movement of patients susceptible to bed ... a six month-long, 138-patient study of the system, which ... turn protocols. Turning patients regularly is the one of ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014  InnoPharma, Inc. today announced the ... generic equivalent of Zyprexa® injection), in Canada.  Olanzapine is ... behaviors in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar I mania. ... drug, InnoPharma has entered into an agreement with Sandoz ... will make, use, sell, market and distribute Olanzapine Injection ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014 Cynosure, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... aesthetic treatments for non-invasive and minimally invasive applications, today announced ... Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer Timothy W. ... 2014.  Baker, 53, will continue to serve as CFO and ... , who remains Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:El Camino Hospital Utilizes Cutting-Edge Leaf Patient Monitor System to Help Reduce Risk of Pressure Ulcers 2El Camino Hospital Utilizes Cutting-Edge Leaf Patient Monitor System to Help Reduce Risk of Pressure Ulcers 3InnoPharma Announces Launch of Olanzapine for Injection, 10mg/vial in Canada 2Cynosure Appoints Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer Timothy W. Baker as President 2
Cached News: