HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Canadian discovery promises treatment for HIV dementia

VANCOUVER, CANADA -- Millions of HIV patients who suffer from dementia now have hope of a treatment, thanks to a breakthrough discovery by Canadian researchers.

Scientists from the University of Calgary in Alberta and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver have found that HIV triggers an enzyme in white blood cells that kills nerve cells in the brain. The enzyme, known as Metalloproteinase-2 or MMP2, changes a molecule required for normal brain growth and function. The altered molecule becomes highly toxic and destroys brain nerve cells, giving rise to symptoms of dementia.

It is the first study to unravel the mechanics of how dementia and memory loss is caused in HIV patients. In addition, the researchers also found they could block the toxic effects of MMP2 by using drugs already in clinical trials for cancer treatment.

"We now understand how this enzyme becomes a killing machine," says Christopher Overall, Canada Research Chair in Metalloproteinase Biology at UBC. "This is exciting news for patients because we think dementia can be slowed or stopped by adding another protease blocker to the drug cocktails now used to treat HIV."

More than 20 per cent of people with AIDS experience dementia during the course of their illness. A rapidly progressive condition, HIV dementia is characterized by impaired concentration and problem solving, forgetfulness, as well as motor abnormalities such as slurred speech and difficulties with movement.

The findings of the two-year study, completed with principal co-investigator Christopher Power of the University of Calgary, were reported recently in Nature Neuroscience. Members of Overall's lab at the UBC Faculty of Dentistry completed biochemical assays and identified the toxic protein that allowed Power, a neurologist who treats people with HIV dementia, to test MMP2 on HIV-infected cells.

"The team and I are revved up about the new avenues of potential treatment for pe
'"/>

Contact: Hilary Thomson
hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
604-822-2644
University of British Columbia
5-Nov-2003


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. U of T researchers describe Joe Canadian tongue
2. Canadian neurologist wins highest award as American Stroke Association honors five
3. Canadian researchers important discovery in HIV research
4. Impact of 2002 Canadian forest fires felt 700 miles away in Baltimore, Maryland
5. Canadian researchers to develop smart drug to repair psychiatric disorders
6. McMaster named Canadian Research University of the Year
7. Safety of Canadian hospitals
8. Patient safety study provides first national estimate of adverse events in Canadian hospitals
9. Canadian doctors dont know costs of prescribed treatments
10. New Canadian study demonstrates clear survival benefit of treatment in trials and at large centres
11. Most Canadian hospitals below recommended standards

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... Worth, TX (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 ... ... financial planning agency serving communities in the greater Dallas, Miami, and Raleigh regions, ... young boy fighting to overcome a rare and deadly chromosome abnormality. , After ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... As health professionals work to improve their approach to healthcare, there ... more than filling out a survey; in many cases health professionals and patients are ... care and research on the importance of active engagement with patients and members of ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The American Board of ... its next President and Chief Executive Officer, succeeding Dr. James C. Puffer upon his ... July 1, 2018 until Dr. Puffer’s retirement at the end of 2018. Upon assuming ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Las Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... of 7® Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum ... CBD dose required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law ... organization of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our ... a forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)... , Sept. 22, 2017 AVACEN Medical (AVACEN) ... is now successfully helping those with the widespread pain ... Fibromyalgia diagnosed Amanda in Essex, England ... washing my hair, experiencing no sleep at all, tremendous ... spasm… I cannot recommend [the AVACEN 100] enough, how ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ZirMed Inc ., a recognized leader in cloud-based revenue cycle ... ranked #1 by its users for the seventh consecutive year ... ZirMed was recognized as the top-ranked end-to-end revenue cycle management ... 200 beds and holds one of the longest #1 ranking ... ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... PROVIDENCE, R.I. , Sept. 18, 2017 ... in the fields of bioinformatics and immune ... to develop a protective avian influenza A (H7N9) vaccine. ... is distantly related to seasonal influenza and ... approaches, which rely on prior exposure to be ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: