HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Change in polio vaccine policy eliminates cases of vaccine-associated polio in US

A change in the national polio vaccination policy has led to the elimination of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.

According to background information in the article, the last case of poliomyelitis (polio) in the United States caused by a naturally occurring virus occurred in 1979; however, as a consequence of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) use that began in 1961, an average of 9 cases of VAPP were confirmed each year from 1961 through 1989. To reduce the VAPP burden, national vaccination policy changed in 1997 from reliance on OPV to options for a schedule of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) followed by OPV. In 2000, an exclusive IPV schedule was adopted.

Lorraine Nino Alexander, M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues reviewed national polio surveillance data in the United States from 1990 through 2003, examining the epidemiology of polio and assessing the association between the vaccine schedule changes and VAPP in the United States.

The researchers found that from 1990 through 1999, 61 cases of paralytic polio were reported; 59 (97 percent) of these were VAPP (1 case per 2.9 million OPV doses distributed), 1 case was imported, and 1 case was indeterminate. Thirteen cases occurred during the 1997-1999 transitional policy period and were associated with the all-OPV schedule; none occurred with the IPV-OPV schedule. No cases occurred after the U. S. implemented the all-IPV policy in 2000. The last imported polio case occurred in 1993 and the last case of VAPP occurred in 1999.

"Following this change, all forms of poliomyelitis have been eliminated in the United States," the authors write. "The only threats from polio in the United States are from laboratories and the few remaining polio-endemic areas in Africa and Asia."

"Elimination of VAPP is an important public health accomplishment in the United Stat
'"/>

Contact: Curtis Allen
404-639-8487
JAMA and Archives Journals
12-Oct-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Changes in ovaries could indicate higher risk of ovarian cancer
2. Change in social policies could reduce high rate of depression in men who have sex with men
3. Changes needed to reduce migrant farm worker exposure to pesticides
4. Changes in allied and auxiliary health care workers training needed for quality of patient care, according to UCSF report
5. American Heart Association Comment: Contributions Of Trends In Survival And Coronary-Event Rates To Changes In Coronary Heart Disease Mortality
6. Psychologist Detects Brain-Activity Changes In Maltreated Kids
7. Changes In Levels Of LDLc From Pre- To Post-Menopausal Years Not Valuable Indicator Of Heart Disease, Reports University Of Pittsburgh Researcher
8. Study Indicates That Medicare Costs Are Higher -- And Survival Rate Is Better --At Major Teaching Hospitals Survive Climate Change
9. U-M Researcher Addresses Changes In The Heart As It Ages
10. Changes In Care Lower Costs Of Surgery To Prevent Stroke
11. University Of Texas Southwestern One-Of-A-Kind Video-Laparoscopic Lab May Change The Way Surgery Is Taught

Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/22/2014)... Explorys, the leader in big data-driven ... team: Greg Yarrington as Vice President of Operations, Adam ... as Vice President of Solutions. These new leaders are ... in 2015 to support client demand for the company’s ... and growth of its partner network. , Since ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... December 22, 2014 In recognition of ... sales to Hero Reward, a local organization that provides ... , Located on a couple hundred acres ... Program offers lodging, world class fishing, hunting, hiking, horseback ... was founded several years ago to support U.S. Service ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... 2014 Xarelto Lawsuit News : ... judges has granted a request to centralize pending and ... Court, Eastern District of Louisiana. The U.S. Judicial Panel ... 12 to transfer over 50 Xarelto cases–21 lawsuits and ... Louisiana court for consolidation under U.S. District Judge Eldon ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... Texas (PRWEB) December 22, 2014 Luxury Linen ... Community Partners of Dallas to provide logistics and ... Dallas-based company, Peacock Alley has a long history of giving ... The additional sponsors of this year's Toy Drive were Whataburger® ... to give back than the holidays. Providing gifts to children ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... 22, 2014 NAPW honors ... Woman of the Year. She is recognized with this ... most recognized networking organization of professional women in the ... Association of Professional Women is a vibrant networking community ... , Ms. Kreider is passionate and committed to best ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Explorys Continues to Experience Rapid Growth, Adds Three Healthcare IT Executives to Its Leadership Team 2Health News:Explorys Continues to Experience Rapid Growth, Adds Three Healthcare IT Executives to Its Leadership Team 3Health News:Discount Labels Donates Portion of November Sales to Hero Reward Program 2Health News:Panel Orders Xarelto Lawsuits Consolidated Into Multi-District Litigation Reports Alonso Krangle LLP 2Health News:Panel Orders Xarelto Lawsuits Consolidated Into Multi-District Litigation Reports Alonso Krangle LLP 3Health News:Panel Orders Xarelto Lawsuits Consolidated Into Multi-District Litigation Reports Alonso Krangle LLP 4Health News:Peacock Alley and Community Partners of Dallas Fulfill an Estimated 12,000 Holiday Wishes for Deserving Children 2Health News:National Association of Professional Women Announces Cheryl A. Kreider, President / CEO of Kreider Health Solutions, LLC, a 2014 Professional Woman of the Year 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... SAN DIEGO , Dec. 17, 2014 ... and Volcano Corporation (NASDAQ: VOLC ), a global ... today announced that they have entered into a definitive merger ... offer to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares ... equity purchase price of USD 1 billion (approx. EUR 800 ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... HOLBROOK, N.Y. , Dec. 17, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... that The Depository Trust Company (DTC) has made ... the Deposit Chill on the Company,s stock effective ... of Northstar,s common stock for depository and book ... and the Company is now once again fully ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Dec. 17, 2014  ImmunoCellular Therapeutics, Ltd. ("ImmunoCellular") ... and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued a key ... cell-based immunotherapeutic vaccine targeting six tumor antigens that ... US Patent No. 8,871,211, which issued October 28, ... administering a dendritic cell composition comprising peptide epitopes ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 2Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 3Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 4Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 5Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 6Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 7Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 8Northstar announces that the DTC chill on MDIN has been officially lifted 2Northstar announces that the DTC chill on MDIN has been officially lifted 3ImmunoCellular Therapeutics Announces Issuance of Key Patent For ICT-107 Cancer Vaccine 2
Cached News: