HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Change in polio vaccine policy eliminates cases of vaccine-associated polio in US

A change in the national polio vaccination policy has led to the elimination of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.

According to background information in the article, the last case of poliomyelitis (polio) in the United States caused by a naturally occurring virus occurred in 1979; however, as a consequence of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) use that began in 1961, an average of 9 cases of VAPP were confirmed each year from 1961 through 1989. To reduce the VAPP burden, national vaccination policy changed in 1997 from reliance on OPV to options for a schedule of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) followed by OPV. In 2000, an exclusive IPV schedule was adopted.

Lorraine Nino Alexander, M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues reviewed national polio surveillance data in the United States from 1990 through 2003, examining the epidemiology of polio and assessing the association between the vaccine schedule changes and VAPP in the United States.

The researchers found that from 1990 through 1999, 61 cases of paralytic polio were reported; 59 (97 percent) of these were VAPP (1 case per 2.9 million OPV doses distributed), 1 case was imported, and 1 case was indeterminate. Thirteen cases occurred during the 1997-1999 transitional policy period and were associated with the all-OPV schedule; none occurred with the IPV-OPV schedule. No cases occurred after the U. S. implemented the all-IPV policy in 2000. The last imported polio case occurred in 1993 and the last case of VAPP occurred in 1999.

"Following this change, all forms of poliomyelitis have been eliminated in the United States," the authors write. "The only threats from polio in the United States are from laboratories and the few remaining polio-endemic areas in Africa and Asia."

"Elimination of VAPP is an important public health accomplishment in the United Stat
'"/>

Contact: Curtis Allen
404-639-8487
JAMA and Archives Journals
12-Oct-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Changes in ovaries could indicate higher risk of ovarian cancer
2. Change in social policies could reduce high rate of depression in men who have sex with men
3. Changes needed to reduce migrant farm worker exposure to pesticides
4. Changes in allied and auxiliary health care workers training needed for quality of patient care, according to UCSF report
5. American Heart Association Comment: Contributions Of Trends In Survival And Coronary-Event Rates To Changes In Coronary Heart Disease Mortality
6. Psychologist Detects Brain-Activity Changes In Maltreated Kids
7. Changes In Levels Of LDLc From Pre- To Post-Menopausal Years Not Valuable Indicator Of Heart Disease, Reports University Of Pittsburgh Researcher
8. Study Indicates That Medicare Costs Are Higher -- And Survival Rate Is Better --At Major Teaching Hospitals Survive Climate Change
9. U-M Researcher Addresses Changes In The Heart As It Ages
10. Changes In Care Lower Costs Of Surgery To Prevent Stroke
11. University Of Texas Southwestern One-Of-A-Kind Video-Laparoscopic Lab May Change The Way Surgery Is Taught

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/4/2015)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... August 04, 2015 , ... ... for the upcoming Pop & Rock Beauty Bash Tour. In addition, they have signed ... spokesperson. Lexi’s image will appear in forthcoming print and overall branding opportunities for the ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... ... ... More than 700 years of marital bliss were celebrated as 13 couples from Friendship ... Kafader and Richard Oas lead the non-denominational service for married couples wishing to reaffirm ... by the Moonlight Serenade Orchestra and a special honeymoon dinner featuring lobster and steak. ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Dr. Gary Richter, Montclair Veterinary Hospital, Oakland, ... contest is put on by the American Veterinary Medical Foundation (AVMF). , Dr. ... on community involvement, ethical behavior, passion for profession, and their connections to pets ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) , ... August 04, 2015 , ... ... involved in allegedly defective medical device lawsuit claims dealing with Inferior Vena Cava Filters ... been filing the firm’s federal cases for Cook IVC Filter clients under In re ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... St. Louis, MO (PRWEB) , ... August 04, ... ... news, attorneys handling national talcum powder lawsuits filed against Johnson & Johnson report ... documents.* Talcum powder lawyers provide regular news updates and cancer warning ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Rock Your Hair Signs On As Title Sponsor For The HYPE! Projects Pop & Rock Beauty Bash Tour 2Health News:Couples Renew Vows at Friendship Village of Schaumburg 2Health News:Dr. Gary Richter, Oakland Holistic Veterinarian, Among 20 Finalists for America’s Favorite Veterinarian 2Health News:Dr. Gary Richter, Oakland Holistic Veterinarian, Among 20 Finalists for America’s Favorite Veterinarian 3Health News:Law Offices of Ben C. Martin in Dallas Files New IVC Filter Complications Lawsuits and Pursues Settlements 2Health News:Law Offices of Ben C. Martin in Dallas Files New IVC Filter Complications Lawsuits and Pursues Settlements 3Health News:Talcum Powder Lawsuits: Plaintiffs Suggest Middlesex County Transfer 2Health News:Talcum Powder Lawsuits: Plaintiffs Suggest Middlesex County Transfer 3Health News:Talcum Powder Lawsuits: Plaintiffs Suggest Middlesex County Transfer 4
(Date:8/3/2015)... Pa. , Aug. 3, 2015 ... specialty biotechnology company focused on developing aerosolized KL4 ... live teleconference and webcast at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time ... management will discuss the 2015 second quarter financial ... company will issue a press release announcing the ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... REDWOOD CITY, Calif., Aug. 3, 2015 AcelRx ... company focused on the development and commercialization of innovative ... a business update and reported financial results for the ... Business highlights include: , On July 23, ... (CHMP) adopted a positive opinion for Zalviso™ for the ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO ), the nation,s largest ... June 30, 2015. All comparisons, unless otherwise noted, are to ... Quarter 2015 Highlights include: , Revenue of $808 ... Total prescriptions dispensed of 234,000, an increase of 19% ... EBITDA of $22.7 million, an increase of 287% or $16.8 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Discovery Labs to Hold Conference Call on Tuesday August 11, 2015 to Discuss Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results and Other Business Updates 2AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 2AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 3AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 4AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 5AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 6AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 7AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 8AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 9AcelRx Pharmaceuticals Provides Business Update and Reports Second Quarter and Six Months 2015 Financial Results 10Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 7Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 8Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 9Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 10Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 11Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 12Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 13Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 14Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 15Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 16Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 17Diplomat Announces 2nd Quarter 2015 Financial Results 18
Cached News: