HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Change in polio vaccine policy eliminates cases of vaccine-associated polio in US

A change in the national polio vaccination policy has led to the elimination of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.

According to background information in the article, the last case of poliomyelitis (polio) in the United States caused by a naturally occurring virus occurred in 1979; however, as a consequence of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) use that began in 1961, an average of 9 cases of VAPP were confirmed each year from 1961 through 1989. To reduce the VAPP burden, national vaccination policy changed in 1997 from reliance on OPV to options for a schedule of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) followed by OPV. In 2000, an exclusive IPV schedule was adopted.

Lorraine Nino Alexander, M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues reviewed national polio surveillance data in the United States from 1990 through 2003, examining the epidemiology of polio and assessing the association between the vaccine schedule changes and VAPP in the United States.

The researchers found that from 1990 through 1999, 61 cases of paralytic polio were reported; 59 (97 percent) of these were VAPP (1 case per 2.9 million OPV doses distributed), 1 case was imported, and 1 case was indeterminate. Thirteen cases occurred during the 1997-1999 transitional policy period and were associated with the all-OPV schedule; none occurred with the IPV-OPV schedule. No cases occurred after the U. S. implemented the all-IPV policy in 2000. The last imported polio case occurred in 1993 and the last case of VAPP occurred in 1999.

"Following this change, all forms of poliomyelitis have been eliminated in the United States," the authors write. "The only threats from polio in the United States are from laboratories and the few remaining polio-endemic areas in Africa and Asia."

"Elimination of VAPP is an important public health accomplishment in the United Stat
'"/>

Contact: Curtis Allen
404-639-8487
JAMA and Archives Journals
12-Oct-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Changes in ovaries could indicate higher risk of ovarian cancer
2. Change in social policies could reduce high rate of depression in men who have sex with men
3. Changes needed to reduce migrant farm worker exposure to pesticides
4. Changes in allied and auxiliary health care workers training needed for quality of patient care, according to UCSF report
5. American Heart Association Comment: Contributions Of Trends In Survival And Coronary-Event Rates To Changes In Coronary Heart Disease Mortality
6. Psychologist Detects Brain-Activity Changes In Maltreated Kids
7. Changes In Levels Of LDLc From Pre- To Post-Menopausal Years Not Valuable Indicator Of Heart Disease, Reports University Of Pittsburgh Researcher
8. Study Indicates That Medicare Costs Are Higher -- And Survival Rate Is Better --At Major Teaching Hospitals Survive Climate Change
9. U-M Researcher Addresses Changes In The Heart As It Ages
10. Changes In Care Lower Costs Of Surgery To Prevent Stroke
11. University Of Texas Southwestern One-Of-A-Kind Video-Laparoscopic Lab May Change The Way Surgery Is Taught

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/26/2015)... Indiana Fiber Network, LLC (IFN), the leading Indiana ... Company has selected IFN as a fiber transport provider. ... Mutual Insurance Company states: “IFN’s broadband fiber solution created ... We were interested in building entrance and ... ensure we achieved both. ” , According ...
(Date:4/26/2015)... This annual celebration is one of the ... include a spectacular collection of vendors offering distinctive gifts ... incense, chimes, vases, candleholders, fleece throws, trivets, jewelry and ... collection of vendors, guests will have the opportunity to ... Jimmie Jazz Band. , “We are ecstatic to ...
(Date:4/25/2015)... DC (PRWEB) April 26, 2015 The ... Seniors (ACE.S) , a national endeavor to prepare nurses ... adults, is a great success, according to a new ... the program's original funding partners. , The project ... of Philadelphia (CCP), under the direction of Elaine Tagliareni, ...
(Date:4/25/2015)... (PRWEB) April 25, 2015 In the ... twelve and above needed treatment for an illicit ... the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Survey ... Beyond these alarming numbers are harrowing stories of men ... substance abuse . David H. Kerr , founder ...
(Date:4/25/2015)... Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands, BWI (PRWEB) April 25, ... Providenciales International Airport (PLS) has celebrated three months of ... since reopening on January 5, 2015. , As ... phases, the interior of Providenciales airport was completely redesigned ... area has quickened up the process of getting out ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Brotherhood Mutual Insurance Company Selects Indiana Fiber Network, LLC for Fiber Transport Service 2Health News:Brotherhood Mutual Insurance Company Selects Indiana Fiber Network, LLC for Fiber Transport Service 3Health News:It’s Coming! The 5th Annual Tulip Festival & Mother’s Day Celebration at Honor's Haven Resort & Spa! 2Health News:Hartford Foundation Report Details Success of NLN's Advancing Care Excellence for Seniors (ACE.S) Program 2Health News:Hartford Foundation Report Details Success of NLN's Advancing Care Excellence for Seniors (ACE.S) Program 3Health News:New Book Features Powerful Stories of People Who Overcame Addiction 2Health News:New Book Features Powerful Stories of People Who Overcame Addiction 3Health News:The Tuscany on Grace Bay Celebrates Providenciales Airport Expansion With Summer Specials to Travelers! 2
(Date:4/24/2015)... Hampshire , und BARCELONA ... -- (Stand Nr. 4410) iCAD, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... von moderner Bildanalyse, Lösungen für Behandlungsabläufe und ... Krebserkrankungen, hat heute die sofortige Verfügbarkeit des ... Electronic Brachytherapy (eBx ® ) System ® ...
(Date:4/24/2015)... April 24, 2015   Bernstein Liebhard LLP ... ("Aerie" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: AERI ) ... in violation of the federal securities laws; or ... their fiduciary duties to shareholders. Aerie ... discovery, development and commercialization of first-in-class therapies for ...
(Date:4/24/2015)... Allowing more basic emergency medical service (EMS) ... that involve opioids, according to a Centers for Disease ... by Emergency Medical Service Providers and the Burden of ... American Journal of Public Health . In ... United States involved prescription opioids, and more ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Erste Klinik in Spanien setzt das Xoft Electronic Brachytherapy System für die Behandlung von Brustkrebs im Frühstadium, nicht-melanozytärem Hautkrebs und gynäkologischen Krebserkrankungen ein 2Erste Klinik in Spanien setzt das Xoft Electronic Brachytherapy System für die Behandlung von Brustkrebs im Frühstadium, nicht-melanozytärem Hautkrebs und gynäkologischen Krebserkrankungen ein 3Erste Klinik in Spanien setzt das Xoft Electronic Brachytherapy System für die Behandlung von Brustkrebs im Frühstadium, nicht-melanozytärem Hautkrebs und gynäkologischen Krebserkrankungen ein 4Erste Klinik in Spanien setzt das Xoft Electronic Brachytherapy System für die Behandlung von Brustkrebs im Frühstadium, nicht-melanozytärem Hautkrebs und gynäkologischen Krebserkrankungen ein 5Erste Klinik in Spanien setzt das Xoft Electronic Brachytherapy System für die Behandlung von Brustkrebs im Frühstadium, nicht-melanozytärem Hautkrebs und gynäkologischen Krebserkrankungen ein 6Bernstein Liebhard LLP Investigates Claims On Behalf Of Those Who Invested In Aerie Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2Expanding Naloxone use could reduce drug overdose deaths and save lives 2Expanding Naloxone use could reduce drug overdose deaths and save lives 3
Cached News: