HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Cleaner air linked to reduced death rates

Two population studies in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how poor air quality is directly related to increased risk of death from respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

Luke Clancy from St James Hospital, Dublin, and colleagues from Trinity College and Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland, and Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA, examined the effect of the 1990 coal ban in Dublin on population death-rates in the six years before and after the ban was introduced. The average concentrations of black smoke decreased by 70% (36 micrograms per cubic meter) after the ban on coal sales; this was associated with an overall decrease in non-trauma death rate of nearly 6%, in which death by respiratory causes decreased by around 15%, and by cardiovascular causes by around 10%. This related to an estimated reduction of 116 respiratory deaths and 243 cardiovascular deaths every year after the ban was implemented. Numerous studies have confirmed that increased air-pollution concentrations increase mortality but this study shows that decreasing air pollution is associated with a marked reduction in mortality.

In a second study, a research team from the Netherlands assessed the relation between traffic-related air pollution and death based on data from participants of an ongoing study (the Netherlands Cohort study on Diet and Cancer [NLCS]). 5000 people from the NLCS (age 55-69 years) were studied from 1986 to 1994. Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants (black smoke and nitrogen dioxide) was estimated for the home address in 1986 of each participant. 11% of the study population died during follow-up; people who lived near a main road were around twice as likely to die from cardiopulmonary disease (affecting heart and / or lungs), and were 1.4 times more likely to die from any cause. However, excluding death from cardiopulmonary disorder or lung cancer, there were no other cause-specific associations between pollution ex
'"/>

Contact: Richard Lane
richard.lane@lancet.com
44-207-424-4949
Lancet
17-Oct-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals
2. Depression linked to insomnia in HIV patients
3. Abuse and HIV status linked to suicide risk
4. Waist size linked to diabetes risk in adult men
5. Is caesarean section linked to postnatal depression?
6. Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases
7. Migraine linked to risky heart health
8. Physical activity linked to protection from Parkinsons disease
9. Mothers exposure to air pollutants linked to chromosome damage in babies
10. Brain synapse formation linked to proteins, Stanford study finds
11. Infectious agent linked to mad cow disease found in organs other than the brain

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of Somerset Hills is ... vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event will raise funds ... by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November 4 (10:00 a.m. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare ... (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Planet Fitness, one of the largest and ... plans to open a flagship location in Covington, LA at 401 N. U.S. Highway ... store next to Office Depot in the Holiday Square shopping center. Its location allows ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... Information about the technology: , Otomagnetics ... enable prevention of a major side effect of chemotherapy in children. Cisplatin and ... For cisplatin, hearing loss is FDA listed on-label as a dose limiting toxicity. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Mich. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... has been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by ... Brightest in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/5/2017)... Ill. , Oct. 5, 2017  In ... Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released ... opioids – to be used as a first-line ... pain. Recognizing ... the AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Mass. , Oct. 4, 2017  According to the Centers for ... the end of October . PhysicianOne Urgent Care is helping communities across ... Westchester, NY , by offering no-cost* flu shots through the ... as mandated by certain health insurance regulations. ... The best time to get a flu shot is by the ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO ... LLC , and named its founder as Diplomat,s chief ... Tennessee , will operate under Diplomat subsidiary ... offerings for health care partners to include IT outsourcing, ... "In an interoperable world, technology delivers comprehensive insight ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: