HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Cocaine use associated with often fatal heart condition

Cocaine use can be associated with a potentially fatal condition called aortic dissection, according to UCSF researchers.

The aorta is a major blood vessel that carries blood to the organs of the body. Aortic dissection occurs when the inner lining of the aorta, which has three layers, tears and blood rushes in separating the walls of the aorta, explained Priscilla Hsue, MD, UCSF cardiology fellow at San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center (SFGHMC) and lead author of the study. This disruption of the integrity of the three layers may lead to aortic rupture and death, explained the researchers.

Aortic dissection is a potentially fatal condition and is not often the cause of chest pain. Therefore, its important for health care providers to be aware of the potential for aortic dissection, so they can ask patients who present with chest pain about cocaine use, said Hsue. Early recognition is crucial because, if left untreated, the death rate from aortic dissection is 35% at 24 hours, 50% at 48 hours and 80% by two weeks after the rupture.

This condition usually occurs in older individuals with high blood pressure, and cocaine use is not a commonly recognized risk factor for aortic dissection, said Hsue. We initiated this study when we noted cases of aortic dissection in younger individuals who did not have the usual risk factors, but admitted to habitual cocaine use.

Among the 38 cases of aortic dissection studied at SFGHMC, 14 (37%) were related to recent cocaine use, according to the study, which appears in the April issue of Circulation. Patients with cocaine-related dissection were more likely to be African-American and were younger (average age 41) compared to other aortic dissection patients (average age 59). For the 13 analyzed cases in which cocaine was smoked and the singular case in which it was snorted, the average onset of chest pain after use was 12 hours (ranging from 0 to 24 hours), according to the researchers.
'"/>

Contact: Maureen McInaney
mmcinaney@pubaff.ucsf.edu
415-476-2557
University of California - San Francisco
11-Mar-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Cocaine addicts show reduced brain structure that underlies judgment
2. Cocaine use may cause increase in coronary calcium, an indicator of atherosclerosis
3. Cocaine-exposed children subject to stereotyping
4. Cocaine use linked to poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV patients
5. Cocaine use, hypertension major risk factors for brain hemorrhage in young African Americans, study finds
6. Cocaine acts on central nervous system, causing vessel constriction, rapid heartbeat
7. Cocaine triggers heart attacks within one hour
8. Repeated Exposure To Cocaine Alters Brain Structure
9. Prenatal Cocaine Exposure Leads To Lower Child IQ Scores, Language Skills
10. Epilepsy Drug Found To Stop Cocaines Effects In Animals
11. Maternal Exposure To Crack Cocaine Produces Stressed Newborns

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Arkansas that offers insurance and financial preparation services, is providing an update on ... Rescue organization. , Rock City Rescue is a locally recognized nonprofit that provides ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil ... required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) ... a collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed ... and wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, a leader in agile coaching ... contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The Enterprise Agile ... of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high value manner across CMS programs. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Planet Fitness, one of the largest and fastest growing franchisors ... a flagship location in Covington, LA at 401 N. U.S. Highway 190, in January ... Office Depot in the Holiday Square shopping center. Its location allows it to serve ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... , Sept. 27, 2017  Commended for their devotion to ... awards. Ranked as number one in the South Florida Business ... in Inc. 5000 yearly list, the national specialty pharmacy has ... Armando Bardisa will soon be honored by SFBJ as ... Set to receive his award in October, ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... Md. , Sept. 22, 2017  As the ... Republican Senators Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and ... Information notes that the medical device industry is in ... medical device tax, the 2.3% excise tax on medical ... But they also want covered patients, increased visits and ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... Sept. 18, 2017 EpiVax, Inc. ... bioinformatics and immune engineering, today announced a ... A (H7N9) vaccine. ... seasonal influenza and presents a challenge for ... exposure to be effective. Using state-of-the-art bioinformatics and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: