Discovery changes ideas about damage from strokes

In experiments in the laboratory and with mice, the Johns Hopkins researchers found that the chemical prostaglandin-E2 protects brain cells from damage. The finding was completely unexpected, the researchers say, because prostaglandin-E2 causes damage in other tissues and is made by an enzyme, COX-2, known to wreak havoc in the brain after injury. The findings appear in the Jan. 7 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

"It's kind of paradoxical, that the product of an enzyme that causes damage is itself beneficial," says Katrin Andreasson, M.D., an assistant professor of neurology and of neuroscience. "It's possible that future treatments for stroke might use drugs to block COX-2 and enhance the effects of prostaglandin-E2, providing sort of a double whammy of protection.

"Prostaglandins have not previously been implicated in reducing damage from stroke, so our finding provides a completely new strategy for tackling and understanding the condition," she adds.

In experiments with individual brain cells and with brain slices from mice, the researchers discovered that prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2), one of many related molecules created by COX-2, protects brain cells traumatized by over-stimulation or by insufficient oxygen. Furthermore, in genetically engineered mice lacking one of the receptors, or docking points, for this prostaglandin, stroke damage was much greater than in normal mice, the researchers report.

"Together, these results provide very strong evidence that PGE-2 is indeed protective in the brain even though it may not be elsewhere in the body," says Andreasson, who obtained the genetically engineered mice from Richard Breyer at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.

After their surprising discovery, the research team searched for why PGE2 is a "good guy" in the brain. Their experiments showed that stimulation of PGE2's receptor increases production of a molecule called cyclic-AMP, which is known to he

Contact: Joanna Downer
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Discovery of pathway in learning impairment caused by liver disease may lead to drug treatment
2. Discovery of key proteins shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
3. Discovery of the oldest remains of a woman who died in childbirth
4. Discovery sheds light on how cancer cells grow and divide
5. GlaxoSmithKline Drug Discovery and Development Research Grant Program 2003
6. GlaxoSmithKline Drug Discovery and Development Research Grant Program 2003
7. GlaxoSmithKline Drug Discovery and Development Award 2002
8. Discovery may lead to new HIV drugs, says Jefferson virologist
9. GlaxoSmithKline Drug Discovery and Development Award 2002
10. "Radical" Discovery Advances Medicine and Plastics
11. Vanderbilt Cancer Center Discovery May Help Overcome Resistance To Anti-Breast Cancer Drug

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Consistent with the Radiology Business Management ... Radiology Marketing Programs meeting will showcase some of the best 2015 radiology ... Palace in Las Vegas with a pre-conference session on a collaborative approach for ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Minn. (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... start failing. Secura Consultants has prided itself for not only fulfilling the needs ... income protection solutions at an affordable price and providing top-tier customer service. However, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... largest, most successful and prominent nonprofit healthcare organizations in the country. They have ... with various organizations, and helped advance the healthcare industry as a whole through ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... Indosoft Inc., developer and distributor of the world-class ... (Long Term Support) into its Q-Suite 5.10 product line. , Making the change ... version of Asterisk that will receive not only security fixes, but feature and ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... CognisantMD ... for diagnostic imaging in the Waterloo region. Using the Ocean Platform, family physicians ... directly from their electronic medical record (EMR) without the need for redundant patient ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 On Tuesday, ... federal bellwether trial against Wright Medical Technology, Inc. ... their Conserve metal-on-metal hip implant device, awarded $11 ... a two week trial and three days of ... hip device was defectively designed and unreasonably dangerous, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Nov. 25, 2015  Henry Schein, Inc., the world,s ... office-based dental, medical and animal health practitioners, will unveil ... Henry Schein ConnectDental® Pavilion , which brings together ... open solutions designed to help any practice or laboratory ... for a schedule of experts appearing at the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015 Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN ) today ... New York State Attorney General,s Office to ... and other statutes with the Attorney General over the decision ... marketing and selling the now generic version of memantine immediate ... liability, has released its counterclaims against New York ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: