HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Early HIV screening prolongs life and is affordable, Stanford study shows

V patients are diagnosed only after exhibiting symptoms that prompt testing: the CDC reports that more than 40 percent of patients don't learn of their infection until very late in the game.

"We know from other studies that people find out late in the course of the HIV infection-when they're almost to AIDS or already have AIDS," said Owens. "The current approach [to screening] is clearly inadequate."

Owens, along with first author Gillian Sanders, PhD, and their team at the VA, Stanford and St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, developed a decision model to estimate the health benefits and expenditures of performing voluntary HIV screening programs in health-care settings. They followed a group of patients over their lifetime and looked at the costs and health consequences of screening and counseling, HIV transmission and current treatment guidelines and testing. The researchers used historical data to determine rates of progression for HIV-positive patients not undergoing therapy, and they assumed a 20 percent reduction in risk behaviors for patients whose infection was identified.

The team used its model to determine the benefits of screening due to reduced transmission of HIV and early identification of HIV. The researchers found a 21 percent reduction in annual transmission with the use of a screening strategy, as compared with the absence of screening.

They also found that earlier identification through screening would lengthen life by 1.5 years for a person with HIV infection. In a population in which 1 in 100 persons has unidentified HIV infection (which is consistent with the CDC's recommended prevalence for screening), their model showed that one-time screenings throughout the United States would cost $15,100 per quality-adjusted life year (a common statistical measurement that takes into account quality of life as well as length of survival). And according to their calculations, routine screenings every five years c
'"/>

Contact: Michelle Brandt
mbrandt@stanford.edu
650-723-0272
Stanford University Medical Center
9-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Early onset of puberty the EU gets serious
2. Early supported discharge services can reduce long term dependency for stroke patients
3. Early surgical treatment not always necessary for patients with brain haemorrhage
4. Early seizures after epilepsy surgery predict more seizures
5. Early learning leaves lasting changes in brain, Stanford owl study shows
6. Early detection reduces threat of foot injury in college basketball players
7. Early results shed light on lung cancer screening advance
8. Early disclosure: Post-operative radiotherapy improves progression-free survival in prostate cancer
9. Early reports of thrombosis after insertion of drug-eluting stents
10. Early behavior problems linked with wheezing later in childhood
11. Early childhood ear infections linked to asthma

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/25/2014)... Background: , In 1998 Bob Savage ... a pioneer in the field of establishing recovery community organizations. ... system and when he retired, he set out to answer ... service. , 1. Where are the people ... , 2. Can the recovery community be organized to ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... Market Research Report on ... is a professional and in-depth market survey ... The report firstly reviews the basic information ... and manufacturing technology. The report then explores ... Diagnostics listing their product specification, capacity, Production ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... New York, New York (PRWEB) October 25, 2014 ... of transvaginal mesh lawsuits ( http://www.vaginalmeshlawsuit2015.com/ ) ... multidistrict litigation underway in U.S. District Court, Southern ... Motion for Summary Judgment on Punitive Damages in ... Florida plaintiffs. In a ruling issued on October ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... blood supply to an arm or a leg before heart ... according to a new study. "During heart surgery ... to be able to operate on it. After some time ... produce energy because it doesn,t get oxygen. When we shut ... an arm or a leg, the body prepares for an ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... (HealthDay News) -- Researchers who discovered antibiotics in ... cause for concern. The use of antibiotics ... human consumption contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant ... information from the study. Each year in ... million people and kill about 23,000, according to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:CCAR Accepting Nominations for the Bob Savage Recovery Advocate of the Year Award 2Health News:Global and China Molecular Diagnostics Industry Analysis to 2019 is Now Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 2Health News:Global and China Molecular Diagnostics Industry Analysis to 2019 is Now Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 3Health News:Global and China Molecular Diagnostics Industry Analysis to 2019 is Now Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 4Health News:Transvaginal Mesh Lawsuits Move Forward, As Federal Judge Denies Motion for Summary Judgment on Punitive Damages in Florida Cases, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 2Health News:Transvaginal Mesh Lawsuits Move Forward, As Federal Judge Denies Motion for Summary Judgment on Punitive Damages in Florida Cases, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 3Health News:Transvaginal Mesh Lawsuits Move Forward, As Federal Judge Denies Motion for Summary Judgment on Punitive Damages in Florida Cases, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 4Health News:Brief Interruption of Blood Supply to Limb Might Aid Heart Surgery: Study 2Health News:Researchers Say Antibiotics in Fish a Health Concern 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... Burzynski Research Institute, Inc. (BRI) announced today ... given the company permission to conduct an open-label study ... months of age with a diffuse intrinsic brainstem glioma ... five treatment groups based on their age and whether ... The primary study endpoint is a decrease in the ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014  Cephasonics, a technology-innovation leader with a game-changing ... (cQuest Ultrasound Box™-1), the first product in a new ... by Cephasonics for purchase by companies to rebrand with ... be showcasing the cQUB-1 for the first time at ... Chongqing, China from October 23 to ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Oct 22, 2014 Antigen Discovery Inc. (ADi), ... , announced the receipt of a National Institutes ... (SBIR) from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research ... of a Pan-HIV Protein Microarray Chip, which will contain ... subtypes and aid in the development of safe and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Burzynski Research Institute, Inc. Announces FDA Permission to Launch a New Clinical Trial in Diffuse Intrinsic Brainstem Glioma 2Cephasonics Launches the cQUB-1, First Product in New Family of cQUB White-Label Ultrasound Systems Targeted at Medical Applications 2Cephasonics Launches the cQUB-1, First Product in New Family of cQUB White-Label Ultrasound Systems Targeted at Medical Applications 3Biomarker Discovery Company, Antigen Discovery Inc., Awarded an NIH Phase I Small Business Innovation Research Grant to Develop a Pan-HIV Protein Microarray Chip 2
Cached News: