HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Early HIV screening prolongs life and is affordable, Stanford study shows

V patients are diagnosed only after exhibiting symptoms that prompt testing: the CDC reports that more than 40 percent of patients don't learn of their infection until very late in the game.

"We know from other studies that people find out late in the course of the HIV infection-when they're almost to AIDS or already have AIDS," said Owens. "The current approach [to screening] is clearly inadequate."

Owens, along with first author Gillian Sanders, PhD, and their team at the VA, Stanford and St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, developed a decision model to estimate the health benefits and expenditures of performing voluntary HIV screening programs in health-care settings. They followed a group of patients over their lifetime and looked at the costs and health consequences of screening and counseling, HIV transmission and current treatment guidelines and testing. The researchers used historical data to determine rates of progression for HIV-positive patients not undergoing therapy, and they assumed a 20 percent reduction in risk behaviors for patients whose infection was identified.

The team used its model to determine the benefits of screening due to reduced transmission of HIV and early identification of HIV. The researchers found a 21 percent reduction in annual transmission with the use of a screening strategy, as compared with the absence of screening.

They also found that earlier identification through screening would lengthen life by 1.5 years for a person with HIV infection. In a population in which 1 in 100 persons has unidentified HIV infection (which is consistent with the CDC's recommended prevalence for screening), their model showed that one-time screenings throughout the United States would cost $15,100 per quality-adjusted life year (a common statistical measurement that takes into account quality of life as well as length of survival). And according to their calculations, routine screenings every five years c
'"/>

Contact: Michelle Brandt
mbrandt@stanford.edu
650-723-0272
Stanford University Medical Center
9-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related medicine news :

1. Early onset of puberty the EU gets serious
2. Early supported discharge services can reduce long term dependency for stroke patients
3. Early surgical treatment not always necessary for patients with brain haemorrhage
4. Early seizures after epilepsy surgery predict more seizures
5. Early learning leaves lasting changes in brain, Stanford owl study shows
6. Early detection reduces threat of foot injury in college basketball players
7. Early results shed light on lung cancer screening advance
8. Early disclosure: Post-operative radiotherapy improves progression-free survival in prostate cancer
9. Early reports of thrombosis after insertion of drug-eluting stents
10. Early behavior problems linked with wheezing later in childhood
11. Early childhood ear infections linked to asthma

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Amada Senior Care, premier provider ... in San Antonio – its San Antonio West location. Prior to entering the senior ... sales. The grand opening of Amada San Antonio West will take place on Friday, ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... The American Society for ... developers of the AnzuMedical™ Knowledge Sharing and Collaboration Platform™ , today announced ... platform is scheduled to launch in July 2016 and will be a combined ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... development of miniature microphones and headsets announced today that the US Patent Office ... integrating in-earphones into a structure. This innovative design creates a lightweight and modular ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Philadelphia, PA (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... Barbara Browne, M.D. has been named a Top Doc in Physical Medicine and ... in conjunction with Castle Connolly Medical, Ltd. by randomly surveying physicians and medical ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Metabolic Nutrition today ... this week’s 2016 Europa Games Get Fit and Sports Expo in Orlando, ... Europa Orlando Expo coming up April 29-30, was selected as the perfect event to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... -- Dr. Vivek Ahuja , ... Ste phen Schmidt Join ... cloud-based software solutions for life sciences, today announced key new leaders ... of insight to a growing business.  This will bolster the company,s ... Phillips joined ArisGlobal in the position of Vice President - ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 New market research ... a report that provides an overview of the ... by identifying new targets and MOAs to produce ... discussed in this H1 2016 Osteoarthritis Pipeline report ... Inc., Abiogen Pharma S.p.A., Ablynx NV, Achelios Therapeutics, ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016 Elekta today announced that ... be the focal point of seven scientific presentations at ... for Radiotherapy & Oncology, taking place April 29 - ... radiotherapy system and a high-field MRI scanner with sophisticated ... patient,s anatomy in real time. The MR-linac is designed ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: