HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Foundation funds UCSF research to test diaphragms as HIV prevention tool

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded $28 million to test whether the diaphragm can prevent the transmission of HIV, to UCSF's Women's Global Health Imperative (WGHI), directed by Nancy Padian, PhD. The diaphragm will be the first physical barrier tested in a randomized, controlled trial for effectiveness in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

"The foundation is demonstrating tremendous leadership and innovation in supporting research to examine women-controlled HIV prevention methods. Their foresight could potentially save many lives," said Padian, who is also UCSF professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive science, and director of international programs at UCSF's AIDS Research Institute (ARI). The study will enroll 4500 women at two sites in South Africa and one in Zimbabwe.

Because many people are skeptical that women would use the diaphragm, Padian first conducted an acceptability study among women in Zimbabwe, where close to a third of the population is infected with HIV.

"We asked women whose partners would not consistently use condoms if they would try using the diaphragm, even though we told them we did not know if it could prevent disease. Their enthusiasm to use a product that did not require negotiating with their male partner was overwhelming." said Padian.

Because it protects the cervix, the diaphragm holds enormous promise for preventing HIV transmission. The cervix is a "hot spot" in terms of susceptibility to HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the majority of infections most likely occur there. The surface of the cervix is very thin and fragile whereas the vaginal walls are much thicker. The cervix also has more cells with HIV specific receptor sites than the vagina.

In addition, contractions of the uterus aspirate or draw fluids up into the upper genital track, which has also been shown to be very susceptible to HIV and STDs. Physical protection o
'"/>

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
jsheehy@psg.ucsf.edu
415-597-8165
University of California - San Francisco
28-Aug-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Can you read my mind? W.M. Keck Foundation funds innovative brain research at Carnegie Mellon
2. Top honor for head of Epilepsy Foundation
3. The Larry King Cardiac Foundation presents The Changing Face of Heart Disease on Feb. 2
4. Prentiss Foundation awards $5 million to University Hospitals
5. Endocrine Society and Hormone Foundation call for increased research
6. Foundation to honor physicians and community health initiatives around the world
7. Donald W. Reynolds Foundation awards UT Southwestern $12 million to continue Dallas Heart Study
8. NYU Child Study Center and The Bear Stearns Charitable Foundation launch outreach campaign
9. Brain Science Institute at Columbia University established by Kavli Foundation gift
10. Universit de Montral receives US$11.7 million grant from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
11. The NCOA and The Epilepsy Foundation launch initiative to educate about epilepsy in the elderly

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/20/2014)... With a mere 19 days to November 4, ... fundraising stop at the  Law Offices of Dan ... debate last night with his opponent Gov. Rick Scott, ... seven minutes because Crist had an electric fan underneath ... one word: "weird." , Before touching on his well-known ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... Women’s health specialist, Dr. Amber Murphy, MD, Ob/Gyn ... Inc., A Division of MaternOhio Clinical Associates, Inc., who ... patients annually. Dr. Murphy will provide a full range ... women’s life. She is accepting new patients at two ... , Dr. Murphy offers a wide variety of services ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... CA (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 JZ ... expertise, nutritional coaching, corporate wellness programming, authorship, international lecturing ... is excited to announce the release of the JZ ... After many years of coaching thousands of individuals on ... tracking app that does not require calorie counting or ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... Norristown, PA (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 ... of Matthew Voicheck as Assistant Director of their ... integral role in managing the innovative turnkey drug ... trials. , Matthew brings over 12 years of ... He joins Myoderm at the peak of their ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... OH (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 National Teen ... Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics (Ohio AAP, ... (NHTSA) in encouraging parents of teen drivers to talk to ... the road. , Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause ... teen drivers involved in fatal crashes, and 859 (42%) of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:At Crist Fundraiser, Dan Newlin Says, "No More Robert Germans," Will Seek Changes to Florida Missing Persons Law 2Health News:At Crist Fundraiser, Dan Newlin Says, "No More Robert Germans," Will Seek Changes to Florida Missing Persons Law 3Health News:OhioHealth Welcomes New Women’s Health Specialist to MaternOhio Specialists in Obstetrics & Gynecology of Columbus, Inc. 2Health News:OhioHealth Welcomes New Women’s Health Specialist to MaternOhio Specialists in Obstetrics & Gynecology of Columbus, Inc. 3Health News:JZ Fitness Nutrition App Launches on iTunes 2Health News:JZ Fitness Nutrition App Launches on iTunes 3Health News:Myoderm Hires Matthew Voicheck to Lead Turnkey Drug Sourcing Service 2Health News:Ohio AAP Promotes National Teen Driver Safety Week 2
(Date:10/20/2014)... N.J. , Oct. 20, 2014   ... Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. ( Japan ), ... (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for TAS-102 (nonproprietary ... anticancer drug under investigation for the treatment of ... Company has initiated a rolling NDA submission to ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... and RALEIGH, N.C., Oct. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... Neuropathy Foundation (HNF), both philanthropies, announced today the ... candidates for the treatment of the rare disease ... BioPontis Alliance announced its alliance model earlier this ... first demonstration of a collaborative model where researchers ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... 2014  In a policy paper ... nation,s largest lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) ... Truvada for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is any ... the spread of a disease or infection prior ... anti-HIV drug combination currently approved for PrEP, which ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Taiho Oncology, Inc. Receives FDA Fast Track Designation for TAS-102 as a Potential Treatment for Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer 2Taiho Oncology, Inc. Receives FDA Fast Track Designation for TAS-102 as a Potential Treatment for Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer 3Taiho Oncology, Inc. Receives FDA Fast Track Designation for TAS-102 as a Potential Treatment for Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer 4The Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation and BioPontis Alliance for Rare Disease Partner to Develop Treatments for Charcot-Marie-Tooth 2The Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation and BioPontis Alliance for Rare Disease Partner to Develop Treatments for Charcot-Marie-Tooth 3HRC Endorses PrEP, Calls for Bold Action to Expand Access to Anti-HIV Drug 2HRC Endorses PrEP, Calls for Bold Action to Expand Access to Anti-HIV Drug 3
Cached News: