HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Foundation funds UCSF research to test diaphragms as HIV prevention tool

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded $28 million to test whether the diaphragm can prevent the transmission of HIV, to UCSF's Women's Global Health Imperative (WGHI), directed by Nancy Padian, PhD. The diaphragm will be the first physical barrier tested in a randomized, controlled trial for effectiveness in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

"The foundation is demonstrating tremendous leadership and innovation in supporting research to examine women-controlled HIV prevention methods. Their foresight could potentially save many lives," said Padian, who is also UCSF professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive science, and director of international programs at UCSF's AIDS Research Institute (ARI). The study will enroll 4500 women at two sites in South Africa and one in Zimbabwe.

Because many people are skeptical that women would use the diaphragm, Padian first conducted an acceptability study among women in Zimbabwe, where close to a third of the population is infected with HIV.

"We asked women whose partners would not consistently use condoms if they would try using the diaphragm, even though we told them we did not know if it could prevent disease. Their enthusiasm to use a product that did not require negotiating with their male partner was overwhelming." said Padian.

Because it protects the cervix, the diaphragm holds enormous promise for preventing HIV transmission. The cervix is a "hot spot" in terms of susceptibility to HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the majority of infections most likely occur there. The surface of the cervix is very thin and fragile whereas the vaginal walls are much thicker. The cervix also has more cells with HIV specific receptor sites than the vagina.

In addition, contractions of the uterus aspirate or draw fluids up into the upper genital track, which has also been shown to be very susceptible to HIV and STDs. Physical protection o
'"/>

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
jsheehy@psg.ucsf.edu
415-597-8165
University of California - San Francisco
28-Aug-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Can you read my mind? W.M. Keck Foundation funds innovative brain research at Carnegie Mellon
2. Top honor for head of Epilepsy Foundation
3. The Larry King Cardiac Foundation presents The Changing Face of Heart Disease on Feb. 2
4. Prentiss Foundation awards $5 million to University Hospitals
5. Endocrine Society and Hormone Foundation call for increased research
6. Foundation to honor physicians and community health initiatives around the world
7. Donald W. Reynolds Foundation awards UT Southwestern $12 million to continue Dallas Heart Study
8. NYU Child Study Center and The Bear Stearns Charitable Foundation launch outreach campaign
9. Brain Science Institute at Columbia University established by Kavli Foundation gift
10. Universit de Montral receives US$11.7 million grant from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
11. The NCOA and The Epilepsy Foundation launch initiative to educate about epilepsy in the elderly

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... industry today announced its strategic partnership with Connance, a healthcare industry leader ... two companies’ proven, proprietary technology combine to provide health systems, hospitals and ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, ... editors can give their videos a whole new perspective by using the title ... Pixel Film Studios. , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Austin, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... Fellow of the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for ... popular and highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has dedicated his ... implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The procedure is ... to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use to help ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort to ... treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain management ... (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on ... today announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing ... Duchenne) has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. ... in the third quarter of 2016, and to ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Bracket , ... launch its next generation clinical outcomes platform, Bracket eCOA (SM) ... held on June 26 – 30, 2016 in ... first electronic Clinical Outcome Assessment product of its kind to ... #715. Bracket eCOA 6.0 is a flexible platform ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... and INDIANAPOLIS , June 23, 2016 ... Lilly Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any indication, the ... announced today online at www.diabetesscholars.org by the ... diabetes stand in the way of academic and community ... Foundation,s scholarship program since 2012, and continues to advocate ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: