HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Foundation funds UCSF research to test diaphragms as HIV prevention tool

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded $28 million to test whether the diaphragm can prevent the transmission of HIV, to UCSF's Women's Global Health Imperative (WGHI), directed by Nancy Padian, PhD. The diaphragm will be the first physical barrier tested in a randomized, controlled trial for effectiveness in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

"The foundation is demonstrating tremendous leadership and innovation in supporting research to examine women-controlled HIV prevention methods. Their foresight could potentially save many lives," said Padian, who is also UCSF professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive science, and director of international programs at UCSF's AIDS Research Institute (ARI). The study will enroll 4500 women at two sites in South Africa and one in Zimbabwe.

Because many people are skeptical that women would use the diaphragm, Padian first conducted an acceptability study among women in Zimbabwe, where close to a third of the population is infected with HIV.

"We asked women whose partners would not consistently use condoms if they would try using the diaphragm, even though we told them we did not know if it could prevent disease. Their enthusiasm to use a product that did not require negotiating with their male partner was overwhelming." said Padian.

Because it protects the cervix, the diaphragm holds enormous promise for preventing HIV transmission. The cervix is a "hot spot" in terms of susceptibility to HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the majority of infections most likely occur there. The surface of the cervix is very thin and fragile whereas the vaginal walls are much thicker. The cervix also has more cells with HIV specific receptor sites than the vagina.

In addition, contractions of the uterus aspirate or draw fluids up into the upper genital track, which has also been shown to be very susceptible to HIV and STDs. Physical protection o
'"/>

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
jsheehy@psg.ucsf.edu
415-597-8165
University of California - San Francisco
28-Aug-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Can you read my mind? W.M. Keck Foundation funds innovative brain research at Carnegie Mellon
2. Top honor for head of Epilepsy Foundation
3. The Larry King Cardiac Foundation presents The Changing Face of Heart Disease on Feb. 2
4. Prentiss Foundation awards $5 million to University Hospitals
5. Endocrine Society and Hormone Foundation call for increased research
6. Foundation to honor physicians and community health initiatives around the world
7. Donald W. Reynolds Foundation awards UT Southwestern $12 million to continue Dallas Heart Study
8. NYU Child Study Center and The Bear Stearns Charitable Foundation launch outreach campaign
9. Brain Science Institute at Columbia University established by Kavli Foundation gift
10. Universit de Montral receives US$11.7 million grant from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
11. The NCOA and The Epilepsy Foundation launch initiative to educate about epilepsy in the elderly

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... June 30, 2015 , ... Curly Hair ... 14, the largest beauty event in the US, featuring products from all over the ... Keeper™ Collection. The Collection is a line of hair styling products focused entirely on ...
(Date:6/29/2015)... Petersburg, FL (PRWEB) , ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... a special 50% Off offer. The oil, ideal for natural skincare and even ... natural and easy way is something most people desire, and Oil Pulling can accomplish ...
(Date:6/29/2015)... ... June 30, 2015 , ... The United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) ... it becomes the Official Physical and Occupational Therapists of the U.S. Eventing Team. ... Event presented by Land Rover. , “The USEF is pleased to welcome the ...
(Date:6/29/2015)... ... June 30, 2015 , ... The ... for Neuro Musculoskeletal Thermography and Sympathetic Skin Response Studies.* , The new peer-reviewed ... published in 2006, are intended to aid physicians and thermal technologists in the ...
(Date:6/29/2015)... ... June 29, 2015 , ... ... to educate readers and potential patients about a variety of plastic surgery and ... dentistry and more. , It has been the main focus of Cosmetic Town ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Curly Hair Solutions™ Showcases Entire Curl Keeper™ Collection at Cosmoprof Las Vegas July 12 - 14 2Health News:New Product: Transform Wellness and Oral Health With This Ancient Ayurvedic Secret and Organic Product from Sublime Beauty NATURALS® 2Health News:KORT Physical Therapy Announces Partnership with The United States Equestrian Federation 2Health News:American Academy of Thermology Publishes Revised 2015 Guidelines for Neuro-Musculoskeletal Thermography and Sympathetic Skin Response Studies 2Health News:American Academy of Thermology Publishes Revised 2015 Guidelines for Neuro-Musculoskeletal Thermography and Sympathetic Skin Response Studies 3Health News:Board of Advisors Now Coming to Cosmetic Town 2
(Date:6/29/2015)... , June 30, 2015 , ... Corning and Gerresheimer enter into a 10-year-supply ... amount to EUR 196m debt-free Corning and ... for the pharmaceutical glass packaging market Gerresheimer,s outlook ... reflect the future disposal of the tubing business , ...
(Date:6/29/2015)... 29, 2015 EnteroMedics Inc. (NASDAQ: ETRM ... neuroblocking technology to treat obesity, metabolic diseases, and other ... underwritten public offering of units. Each unit will consist ... to purchase common stock and Series B warrants to ... the offering would result in them beneficially owning more ...
(Date:6/29/2015)...  Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ISIS ) announced ... 1000 Index, effective June 26, 2015. The Russell 1000 ... the U.S. equity universe. It is a subset of ... the largest securities based on a combination of their ... are pleased to be added to this important index, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Gerresheimer Will Sell Tubing Operations to Corning - Both Will Form a Joint Venture to Accelerate Innovations for Pharmaceutical Glass Packaging Market 2Gerresheimer Will Sell Tubing Operations to Corning - Both Will Form a Joint Venture to Accelerate Innovations for Pharmaceutical Glass Packaging Market 3EnteroMedics Inc. Announces Proposed Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 2EnteroMedics Inc. Announces Proposed Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 3ISIS Pharmaceuticals Promoted to the Large-Cap Russell 1000 Index 2ISIS Pharmaceuticals Promoted to the Large-Cap Russell 1000 Index 3
Cached News: