HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
HIV infection among female injection drug users

In this fast-tracked article, Dr. Martin Schechter and colleagues warn that HIV incidence is on the rise among female injection drug users (IDUs) in Vancouver and that the increase is being driven by factors different from those found in males.

In 1996, Schechter and colleagues recruited 939 participants (624 men and 315 women) who were HIV negative at enrolment and who completed follow-up study visits and serology tests up to March 2001. During each visit blood samples were drawn and information was collected on patterns of drug use and high-risk behaviours. Over the period, seroconversion occurred in 64 men and 46 women.

The authors found that among the female participants, independent predictors of seroconversion were: injecting cocaine at least once a day, needing help to inject, having unsafe sex and having an HIV-positive partner.

Among male participants, the independent predictors were: injecting cocaine more than once a day, being Aboriginal and borrowing needles. The authors say the findings point to the urgent need for sex-specific prevention initiatives.

In a related commentary, Dr. Robert Remis discusses the public health and social policy implications of the different sets of predictors. He also warns that the study delivers disturbing news about Canadas Aboriginal population: HIV infection rates for both men and women were about twice as high as in the non-Aboriginal population.


'"/>

Contact: Dr. Martin Schechter
martin.schecter@ubc.ca
604-822-3910
Canadian Medical Association Journal
1-Apr-2002


Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Not enough evidence that multivitamins prevent infections in the elderly
2. Late developers may run higher risk of infection than sexually mature younger teens
3. Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries
4. Child care may affect entire communitys risks of infection
5. New generation contact lenses cut risk of severe eye infection
6. Cigarette smoke worsens respiratory infections in infants
7. Sunflower seed oil can protect low birth weight babies from infection
8. Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women
9. Antimicrobials to prevent infection in major surgery are used properly only about half the time
10. Bacteria collection sheds light on urinary tract infections
11. HIV infection still on the rise

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... ... leadership experience working, both directly with persons with autism and other developmental disabilities, ... expertise includes early intervention, parent education, adolescents with autism, school consultation, and staff ...
(Date:8/29/2020)... ... 2020 , ... When professor and author Randy Pausch was diagnosed with pancreatic ... Rather than become melancholic, however, he put together a final lecture in Carnegie Hall ... took a negative situation and turned it into something that inspired millions of people ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... WHAT , Hespiro™ is ... with respiratory conditions, including COVID-19, while reducing the need for scarce mechanical ventilators. ... exhaled gas and scrubs it free of carbon dioxide in a completely closed ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... With in-person ... out to continue helping the specialty-diet community connect with great, gluten-free brands. At ... coupons, enter giveaways, chat with brands & watch over 50 educational classes... all ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... Ziegler, a specialty investment bank, ... in Synchronous Health, a tech-enabled behavioral health and well-being solutions provider. , ... with artificial intelligence (AI) to increase access and quality of behavioral health services, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... bringing a unique perspective and approach. Armed with her qualifications from Ross University ... share her knowledge of the human body with the nation and world. With ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... August 27, 2020 , ... Bleep LLC, maker of ... sleep apnea patient, is the company’s new spokesperson. , “In my line of work, ... when I found the Bleep DreamPort it was a Bleeping no brainer for me,” ...
(Date:8/26/2020)... ... August 26, 2020 , ... ScripHessco has announced the ... infographic breaks down ways that chiropractors can help heal sports injuries and get ... “Athletes have an unusual amount of pressure and stress on their bodies, so ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: