HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Household falls may produce more severe brain injuries in infants than previously thought

PHILADELPHIA -- Using a specially designed, highly lifelike doll, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have determined that rapid head rotations sustained when a baby's head contacts a hard surface during household falls may result in diffuse brain injuries. The findings call into question earlier assessments of the seriousness of such falls by young infants, previously viewed by some as unlikely to cause widespread brain injury.

The results appear in the July issue of the Journal of Neurosurgery.

"Previously falls were considered relatively benign, because the head was assumed to move in a linear path at the terminus of a fall," said Susan S. Margulies, associate professor of bioengineering at Penn. "Linear motions are most frequently associated with skull fractures and focal brain injuries, but it is primarily rotational movements that produce more severe diffuse brain injuries. We found that when the head contacted a firm surface before the body, significant rotational motions were produced."

The Penn investigators found that rotational deceleration -- rapid changes in velocity as the head contacts a hard surface and then violently rebounds -- increased with higher falls and harder surfaces. The largest rotational decelerations, however, were measured when volunteers intentionally struck the doll's head against a hard surface. These inflicted impacts resulted in decelerations dramatically higher than those from even a five-foot fall onto concrete.

The findings by Margulies and her colleagues may help abuse investigators differentiate accidental falls from injuries caused by the striking of a child's head against a surface. Brain injuries -- accidental and inflicted -- hospitalize or kill an estimated 150,000 children annually in the U.S.

"Traumatic brain injury is the most common cause of death in childhood, and child abuse is believed to be responsible for at least half of infant brain injuries," Margulies
'"/>

Contact: Steve Bradt
bradt@pobox.upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania
28-Jul-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Household products database
2. Homes need more protection against falls
3. Detoxification in nations jails falls short
4. Chronic diseases linked to falls in elderly women
5. Exercise can prevent falls in older people
6. Care of head injuries falls well short of recommendations
7. Marijuana use rises and falls with price and perceived harm, study shows
8. Study of obese diabetics explains why low-carb diets produce fast results
9. Peptide vaccine can produce complete remission in myeloid leukemia patients
10. Global air pollution map produced by Envisats SCIAMACHY
11. Fatty acid pathway, glucose combine to produce triacetic acid lactone

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... Healthpointe is proud to welcome Dr. Ted Priebe, O.M.D., ... Licensed to practice Chinese Needle Therapy since 1983, Dr. Priebe specializes in the study ... also practices in Healthpointe’s La Mirada clinic and Garden Grove clinic. , ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... , ... More destinations and stores are becoming pet-friendly, making the family companion ... some tips to help your whole family travel safely and comfortably. , According to ... year. Amica is sharing the following tips from the American Society for the Prevention ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... , ... August 27, 2015 , ... Banc Intranets ... Clear System. The agreement will enable both Johnson City, Tenn.-based firms to work synergistically ... is a cloud-based safety product that caters to organizations in the financial, commercial and ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... , ... August 27, 2015 , ... ... high-performance blending all in one machine with the Nutri Ninja® Auto-iQ Pro Complete ... next-generation Auto-iQ™ Smooth Boost™ Technology that takes drink customization to a whole new ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... FL (PRWEB) , ... August 27, 2015 , ... Florida Hospital North Pinellas, located at ... Harbor in the Fall of 2016. The new facility will be located at US Highway ... , The property closed on August 18, and work on the project is slated to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Qualified Medical Examiner and Acupuncturist Joins Healthpointe in Los Angeles 2Health News:Qualified Medical Examiner and Acupuncturist Joins Healthpointe in Los Angeles 3Health News:Amica Unleashes 5 Tips for Safe Traveling with Pets 2Health News:Banc Intranets Forms Strategic Marketing Partnership with All Clear System 2Health News:Banc Intranets Forms Strategic Marketing Partnership with All Clear System 3Health News:Banc Intranets Forms Strategic Marketing Partnership with All Clear System 4Health News:SharkNinja's Nutri Ninja® Auto-iQ™ Pro Complete Delivers Power And Versatility In A Compact Design 2Health News:SharkNinja's Nutri Ninja® Auto-iQ™ Pro Complete Delivers Power And Versatility In A Compact Design 3Health News:SharkNinja's Nutri Ninja® Auto-iQ™ Pro Complete Delivers Power And Versatility In A Compact Design 4Health News:Florida Hospital North Pinellas is Opening a New Free-Standing Emergency Room in Palm Harbor 2Health News:Florida Hospital North Pinellas is Opening a New Free-Standing Emergency Room in Palm Harbor 3
(Date:8/27/2015)... Va. , Aug. 27, 2015  The ... the Food and Drug Administration,s (FDA,s) draft guidance ... reference products and biosimilars, to bear a nonproprietary ... AMCP has been seeking a decision from the ... 18 diverse health care stakeholders urging the agency ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... Aug. 27, 2015  A recent study by ... Journal, compared the Arthrosurface HemiCAP® Wave implant, which ... an "onlay" design implant for isolated patellofemoral disease. ... function and pain scores, none of the patients ... (OA). However, 53% of the patients in the ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... Aug. 27, 2015 DURECT Corporation (Nasdaq: ... present at three upcoming healthcare conferences.  ... will present at the Rodman & Renshaw Investment Conference ... The conference is being held at the St. Regis ... A live audio webcast of the presentation will be ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:AMCP Is Disappointed in FDA's Draft Guidance and Proposed Rule Calling for Suffix on Nonproprietary Names of Biological Products 2Study Demonstrates Dramatic Reduction in Progression of Osteoarthritis with the Arthrosurface "Inlay" Patellofemoral Implant Design Compared to Traditional "Onlay" Implant 2Study Demonstrates Dramatic Reduction in Progression of Osteoarthritis with the Arthrosurface "Inlay" Patellofemoral Implant Design Compared to Traditional "Onlay" Implant 3DURECT to Participate in Upcoming Healthcare Conferences 2
Cached News: