HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Household falls may produce more severe brain injuries in infants than previously thought

PHILADELPHIA -- Using a specially designed, highly lifelike doll, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have determined that rapid head rotations sustained when a baby's head contacts a hard surface during household falls may result in diffuse brain injuries. The findings call into question earlier assessments of the seriousness of such falls by young infants, previously viewed by some as unlikely to cause widespread brain injury.

The results appear in the July issue of the Journal of Neurosurgery.

"Previously falls were considered relatively benign, because the head was assumed to move in a linear path at the terminus of a fall," said Susan S. Margulies, associate professor of bioengineering at Penn. "Linear motions are most frequently associated with skull fractures and focal brain injuries, but it is primarily rotational movements that produce more severe diffuse brain injuries. We found that when the head contacted a firm surface before the body, significant rotational motions were produced."

The Penn investigators found that rotational deceleration -- rapid changes in velocity as the head contacts a hard surface and then violently rebounds -- increased with higher falls and harder surfaces. The largest rotational decelerations, however, were measured when volunteers intentionally struck the doll's head against a hard surface. These inflicted impacts resulted in decelerations dramatically higher than those from even a five-foot fall onto concrete.

The findings by Margulies and her colleagues may help abuse investigators differentiate accidental falls from injuries caused by the striking of a child's head against a surface. Brain injuries -- accidental and inflicted -- hospitalize or kill an estimated 150,000 children annually in the U.S.

"Traumatic brain injury is the most common cause of death in childhood, and child abuse is believed to be responsible for at least half of infant brain injuries," Margulies
'"/>

Contact: Steve Bradt
bradt@pobox.upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania
28-Jul-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Household products database
2. Homes need more protection against falls
3. Detoxification in nations jails falls short
4. Chronic diseases linked to falls in elderly women
5. Exercise can prevent falls in older people
6. Care of head injuries falls well short of recommendations
7. Marijuana use rises and falls with price and perceived harm, study shows
8. Study of obese diabetics explains why low-carb diets produce fast results
9. Peptide vaccine can produce complete remission in myeloid leukemia patients
10. Global air pollution map produced by Envisats SCIAMACHY
11. Fatty acid pathway, glucose combine to produce triacetic acid lactone

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/28/2015)... Aureus Medical Group (web: aureusmedical.com), ... therapy jobs, has announced that it will participate ... Association Annual Conference to be held April 10-11, ... Columbus, OH. , The OPTA Annual Conference ... products and services. , Representatives from Aureus ...
(Date:3/28/2015)... Designers and Professionals of FCPX ... 5K from Pixel Film Studios. , “Scratches 5K allows ... inside Final Cut Pro X” Said Christina Austin, CEO ... is an effective tool for any FCPX editor.” , ... intuitive grunge overlays. Simply drag title layers into the ...
(Date:3/28/2015)... CA (PRWEB) March 28, 2015 ... specialists , this week released a report about the ... symptoms of asthma sufferers, and according to recent medical ... , According to the Environmental Protection Agency, people ... asthmatic reactions. Breathing in mold may trigger asthma attacks ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... (PRWEB) March 27, 2015 Wellness for ... and business criteria for the spa and wellness industry–has ... clients who have experienced or are living with cancer. ... Spafinder Wellness 365® Network, will be identified with a ... as a provider of safe, therapeutic services for cancer ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... York (PRWEB) March 27, 2015 The ... ) that allege the statin medication increases the risk ... granted Pfizer Inc.’s Motion to Dismiss four individual cases ... a Case Management Order issued in the U.S. District ... Court determined that the dismissals were warranted because the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Healthcare Staffing Leader, Aureus Medical Group, to Exhibit at the Ohio Physical Therapy Association Annual Conference 2Health News:Pixel Film Studios Unveiled Scratches 5k for Final Cut Pro X Editors 2Health News:Water Damage Restoration Specialists Servpro of Paso Robles Release Report on Mold and Asthma 2Health News:Water Damage Restoration Specialists Servpro of Paso Robles Release Report on Mold and Asthma 3Health News:Hands On HealthCare Massage Therapy & Wellness Day Spa Certified as “Cancer Aware” by Wellness for Cancer and Recognized on Spafinder.com 2Health News:Hands On HealthCare Massage Therapy & Wellness Day Spa Certified as “Cancer Aware” by Wellness for Cancer and Recognized on Spafinder.com 3Health News:Hands On HealthCare Massage Therapy & Wellness Day Spa Certified as “Cancer Aware” by Wellness for Cancer and Recognized on Spafinder.com 4Health News:Lipitor Lawsuits Move Forward in Federal Multidistrict Litigation, as Court Rules on Pfizer’s Motion to Dismiss Certain Cases 2Health News:Lipitor Lawsuits Move Forward in Federal Multidistrict Litigation, as Court Rules on Pfizer’s Motion to Dismiss Certain Cases 3
(Date:3/27/2015)...  Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. (NYSE: VRX ) ... announced registered offering of common shares in ... the Offering, the Company issued 7,286,432 common shares at ... proceeds of approximately $1.45 billion. On March 18, 2015, ... Commission a final prospectus supplement to its effective shelf ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... March 27, 2015 As of February, ... incontinence devices for women. "Shipping thousands ... gratifying part is the hundreds of letters, emails ... lives have been positively impacted by our technology," ... InControl recently released Apex, an over-the-counter ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... 2015   Hospira, Inc. (NYSE: ... the world,s leading provider of injectable drugs and ... evaluation of biosimilarity of its proposed biosimilar, Epoetin ... (FDA) conditionally approved name of RETACRIT™, compared to ... study data were presented at the National Kidney ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Valeant Pharmaceuticals Closes Offering Of $1.45 Billion Of Common Shares 2Valeant Pharmaceuticals Closes Offering Of $1.45 Billion Of Common Shares 3InControl Medical Surpasses 40,000 Shipments Of Incontinence Devices For Women 2Hospira Clinical Data Shows Proposed Biosimilar, Epoetin Hospira, Demonstrates Pharmacokinetic And Pharmacodynamic Equivalence Compared To Amgen's Epogen 2Hospira Clinical Data Shows Proposed Biosimilar, Epoetin Hospira, Demonstrates Pharmacokinetic And Pharmacodynamic Equivalence Compared To Amgen's Epogen 3
Cached News: