How psychology helps improve medical decision making

The Development Process of the Medical Decision Making, by VIMLA L. PATEL, Centre for Medical Education, McGill University. The superior performance of expert physicians has been shown to reside not in the amount of information they possess, but in the organization of knowledge in memory. A process of knowledge acquisition, which is characterized by a U-shaped performance curve, where the vertical and horizontal axes are level of performance and level of expertise, respectively, achieves this. This challenges the usual assumption in medical education that the process of knowledge acquisition for decision making increases linearly as a function of expertise. Research into decision-making strategies of expert physicians has shown that they use data-driven heuristics when solving routine problems. The development of this strategy is a function of sophisticated knowledge structures and is implicitly acquired during training. Physicians use hypothesis-driven strategies when confron ted with complex and uncertain cases. Both these strategies are error-prone, but the nature of errors is different. In the former case errors are very serious, if the knowledge is inadequate. In the later case, the errors can be corrected, but it requires time and thus hinders efficient decision making.


Contact: Vimla I. Patel
McGill University

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. NYU psychology researchers show how attention enhances visual perception
2. Popular notions about breast cancer-psychology link challenged
3. Protein that helps skin cancer spread identified by Stanford researchers
4. Treating depression helps slow physical decline in older adults, study shows
5. Laughter helps blood vessels function better
6. Chemists synthesize molecule that helps body battle cancers, malaria
7. Medication helps alcoholics control drinking
8. Changing chemistry helps explain estrogen threat to the heart
9. An implanted nerve stimulator helps drop foot sufferers walk faster and better
10. New brochure helps explain treatment for gynecologic cancers
11. Exercise helps reduce symptoms of depression, UT Southwestern researchers find

Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at Children’s National Health System ... Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Oct. 12-15. Chaired by ... and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen P. Hunger, M.D., Chief of ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Women-owned and Grand Rapids-based ... and Brightest in Wellness® by Best and Brightest. OnSite Wellness will be honored ... 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Henry Autograph Collection Hotel, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... In ... taxes a year. In some states—like New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, ... overseas retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Farm Forward ... Berkeley, and other leading institutions in announcing the launch of the Leadership ... the way animals are raised for food. , Founding members of the Leadership ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Nvision Biomedical ... staff with the addition of industry sales leader, Thomas (Tom) Slott, as Senior ... national distribution and sales network, direct the efforts of the surgical sales teams, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... MIAMI , Sept. 27, 2017  Commended for their ... recent notable awards. Ranked as number one in the South ... ninth time in Inc. 5000 yearly list, the national specialty ... CEO, Armando Bardisa will soon be honored by ... Set to receive his award ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... 22, 2017  As the latest Obamacare repeal effort ... Cassidy (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) ... medical device industry is in an odd place.  The ... 2.3% excise tax on medical device sales passed along ... covered patients, increased visits and hospital customers with the ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... 18, 2017 EpiVax, Inc. ("EpiVax") ... and immune engineering, today announced a new ... (H7N9) vaccine. ... influenza and presents a challenge for traditional ... to be effective. Using state-of-the-art bioinformatics and molecular ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: