Increased HIV risk for women with violent male partners

South African research published in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how women with physically violent and controlling male partners are at an increased risk of HIV-1 infection.

HIV/AIDS is more widespread among women in sub-Saharan Africa than any other population. Although violence from a male partner and relationship inequalities are thought to be associated with increased HIV risk among women, no study has yet assessed gender-based violence as a risk factor for HIV after adjustment for women's own high-risk sexual behaviours.

Rachel Jewkes and colleagues from South Africa's Medical Research Council studied 1366 women who agreed to HIV testing while attending antenatal care at four health centres in Soweto, South Africa. Private face-to-face interviews included the assessement of sociodemographic characteristics, experience of gender-based violence, assessment of gender equality in their relationships, and of risky sexual practices.

Two factors were identified that were associated with a 50% higher prevalence of HIV-1 infection: receiving physical abuse from a male partner, and being in a relationship where the male partner had excessive control of the relationship. Child sexual assault, forced first intercourse, and adult sexual assault by non-partners were not associated with increased HIV risk.

Dr. Jewkes comments: "Women with violent or controlling male partners are at increased risk of HIV infection. We postulate that abusive men are more likely to have HIV and impose risky sexual practices on partners. Research on connections between social constructions of masculinity, intimate partner violence, male dominance in relationships, and HIV risk behaviours in men, as well as effective interventions, are urgently needed".

In an accompanying Commentary (p 1410), Sandra L Martin from the University of North Carolina, USA, concludes: "no one strategy can alleviate gender-based violence and enhance gender-equity.

Contact: Joe Santangelo

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Increased physical activity not linked to ALS risk
2. Increased suicide rate is possibly linked to chemicals released from nearby asphalt plants
3. Increased investment in radiotherapy will improve cure rates for European cancer patients
4. Increased use of CT in past decade results in decreased costs for hospitals
5. Increased risk of cardiovascular disease shown in PCOS patients
6. Increased prevalence of diabetes - not all bad news
7. Increased heart mortality rates linked to lower state subsidies of uninsured in New Jersey
8. Increased parental mortality after death of a child
9. Increased risk of ovarian cancer is linked to estrogen replacement therapy
10. Increased fruit and vegetable consumption could reduce cardiovascular disease
11. Increased attempts to quit smoking follow introduction of over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapies

Post Your Comments:

(Date:1/8/2020)... ... January 08, 2020 , ... ... life sciences teams, announced today that the company is rebranding as Red Nucleus ... learning and performance solutions for the life sciences industry. , The addition ...
(Date:1/7/2020)... FARMINGTON, Conn. (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Biome , a microbiome research company based here that develops tools for ... partnership with TOMY Digital Biology Co., Ltd., a leading Japanese biotech organization. ...
(Date:1/7/2020)... ... ... CBD For The People was created with the belief that ... customer service experience. Transparency and integrity are the core of this company. CBD For ... of the people first, they know that satisfied customers will bring back more business ...
(Date:1/7/2020)... ANGELES (PRWEB) , ... January 06, 2020 , ... A ... a correlation between weight loss surgery and fewer complications including high blood pressure and ... had bariatric surgery between their first and their second pregnancies were less likely to ...
(Date:1/5/2020)... ... ... Urban Air, the premier family-friendly indoor trampoline and entertainment center, wants Frederick, ... of trampolining, rock climbing, dodge-balling and more, has announced the location of its newest ... know families are looking for ways to spend time together – and the more ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/10/2020)... ... January 10, 2020 , ... Allegheny Health ... that officially brings GCMC into the family of hospitals affiliated with and operated ... network and its patients with a vital new access point for high-quality acute ...
(Date:1/10/2020)... ... January 10, 2020 , ... Representatives with MyBioGate announced that they are organizing ... partners conference will be held on 12 January 2020 at the Grand Hyatt San ... your gateway to China’s healthcare and life science industry. For the overseas biopharmas interested ...
(Date:1/8/2020)... , ... January 08, 2020 , ... ... Spine Institute of Silicon Valley, has this week announced the latest medical breakthrough ... a Molybdenum-Rhenium rod in a patient. , The newly FDA cleared MiRus Europa™ ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: