HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Infections in low-birth-weight infants are associated with impaired neurodevelopment and growth

The registry data were used to classify infants by type of infection, including uninfected (2,161); clinical infection alone (1,538); sepsis (1,922); sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (279); or meningitis with or without sepsis (193). Sepsis is an infection of the bloodstream, and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe intestinal disease linked to infection.

Overall, 41 percent of the assessed infants had at least one adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Infants without infection were least likely to have adverse outcomes, while those with sepsis/NEC were most likely. Overall, 62 percent of the infants had weight, length, or head circumferences less than the 10th percentile. Significant differences for all the neurodevelopmental outcomes except hearing impairment were found between children in most infection groups and the uninfected group. Only infants who had sepsis or sepsis/NEC were at increased risk of hearing impairment.

The investigators considered several possible reasons for the detrimental effects of infections of neonatal infections on the brains of newborns. An inflammatory response by immune signaling proteins called cytokines, either in the fetus or amniotic fluid, reflecting an infection in utero, appears to increase the risk for neonatal brain injury. Newborns with infections also are at risk for circulatory or respiratory problems that could contribute to difficulties with regulation of blood flow in the brain. Interventions to reduce brain injury associated with infection could include earlier diagnosis, efforts to stabilize blood pressure and maintain adequate oxygen supply, and therapies to reduce systemic inflammation.

"As the mortality rate for extremely-low-birth-rate infants continues to decrease, we are increasing our efforts to assess and improve the long-term outcomes associated with prematurity," Dr. Stoll said. "Additional studies will be important to fin
'"/>

Contact: Holly Korschun
hkorsch@emory.edu
404-727-3990
Emory University Health Sciences Center
16-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Infections linked to mental decline in elderly
2. Holding Policy Is Cost-Effective Way To Further Protect Blood Plasma Supply From HIV And Other Infections
3. Antidepressants Can Lead To Mouth Infections
4. Antibiotic Prophylaxis Could Help Prevent Respiratory Infections in the Critically Ill
5. Guidelines Offer Ways To Curb Antibiotic-Resistant Infections
6. Researchers discover shift in organisms causing early-onset sepsis in low-birth-weight infants
7. UMaine study looks at infants and chronic nighttime crying
8. Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries
9. Cigarette smoke worsens respiratory infections in infants
10. Columbia researchers receive $3 million to combat genetic killer of infants & toddlers
11. Brain tumor with dismal prognosis in infants can be cured in older children

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/17/2014)... University School of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that ... an experimental model. The findings, reported in the ... , may lead to more effective treatments for ... of the leading causes of illness and death ... impact by limiting the productivity of workers and ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... has the potential to ward off depression among retirees, ... published online in The Journals of Gerontology, ... In the article " Internet Use and Depression Among ... Analysis ," the authors report that Internet use reduced ... among their study sample. , Late-life depression affects ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... ribbon representing a disease. A pink ribbon is well known ... think of with lung cancer?, Although white has been identified ... black may be the only one they think fits., A ... smokers between the ages of 51 to 79 years old, ... these patients, the emotional toll it can have and how ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... is less than 40 years away from a food ... governments, according to a top scientist at the U.S. ... human history, food production will be limited on a ... energy," said Dr. Fred Davies, senior science advisor for ... become as politically destabilizing by 2050 as energy issues ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... TORONTO, April 17, 2014 Giving patients adrenaline after they ... not increase their prospects of surviving long-term, according to ... vast number of patients who have a cardiac arrest ... treating cardiac arrest for decades," said Dr. Steve Lin, ... Michael,s. "Yet, despite advances in medical treatment, long-term survival ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:BUSM researchers find anti-seizure drug may reduce alcohol consumption 2Health News:Internet use may cut retirees' depression 2Health News:Unraveling the 'black ribbon' around lung cancer 2Health News:Food shortages could be most critical world issue by mid-century 2Health News:Adrenaline does little to increase patient's survival after cardiac arrest 2
(Date:1/14/2014)... Jan. 14, 2014 Animal Emergency Critical Care, a LifeCentre partner ... Virginia is the first in Loudoun County ... Dr. Susan M. Barnes , Medical Director, is ... husband, Dr. Cole Taylor , are avid scuba divers. "As ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 2014 NineSigma , Inc., the leading innovation ... Leadership Summit , May 14-16, 2014 at the Global ... . This is the premier ... breakthrough achievements through open innovation. Participants will learn how ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... , January 14, 2014 ... Transfer Devices (CSTD) for hazardous drugs, today announced that it ... fourth straight year.   Equashield,s closed ... technicians, pharmacists, nurses and other medical professionals who ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Hyperbaric Veterinary Medicine (hvm) Announces Animal Emergency Critical Care Installs A Small Animal Hyperbaric Chamber 2Expect the Unexpected from Leading Global Innovators at NineSigma Leadership Summit, Sharing Winning Strategies to Advance Innovation 2Expect the Unexpected from Leading Global Innovators at NineSigma Leadership Summit, Sharing Winning Strategies to Advance Innovation 3Expect the Unexpected from Leading Global Innovators at NineSigma Leadership Summit, Sharing Winning Strategies to Advance Innovation 4Equashield's Sales Grow by 60% in 2013 2
Cached News: