HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Key immune system protein reduced in HIV-associated dementia patients

Researchers at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and UCSF have discovered that an important protein normally secreted by macrophages, the scavenger cells of the immune system, is secreted at significantly reduced levels in patients with HIV-related dementia.

The protein, known as lysozyme, is an anti-viral, anti-bacterial enzyme found in human monocytes (which differentiate into macrophages), which circulate in the blood stream but migrate as macrophages to the brain and other organs to fight infection.

Monocyte/macrophages are known to become infected by HIV in the bloodstream, but unlike the immune system's T-cells, they are not killed when infected. (The virus continues to infect the macrophages even in the presence of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).) Instead, the cells serve as a reservoir for the virus. As the cells sometimes migrate to the brain, they can give the virus access to the organ early in the infection.

The discovery that HIV-infected macrophages secrete lysozyme at dramatically reduced levels in HIV-demented patients suggests that the macrophages are no longer highly activated, but are, instead, dysfunctional and thus unable to fight HIV-1 or other infections, says lead researcher Lynn Pulliam, PhD, associate chief of staff for research at the SF Veterans Affairs Medical Center and UCSF professor of laboratory medicine and medicine.

In earlier studies, the researchers have shown that certain immune-system molecules secreted by HIV-infected monocyte/macrophages are toxic to the brain's neurons, or nerve cells. The new study identifies for the first time, says Pulliam, a specific protein in HIV-infected macrophages that is not secreted in patients with HIV-dementia.

It's possible, she says, that the protein could prove to be a marker to monitor the progression of HIV-associated dementia and serve as a possible target for treatment.

In their study, the researchers investigate
'"/>

Contact: Joan Aragone
jaragone@pubaff.ucsf.edu
415-476-2557
University of California - San Francisco
19-May-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Chemists identify immune system mechanism for methamphetamine binges
2. Tumor-targeted immune cells cure prostate cancer in mice without causing systemic immune suppression
3. Smart immune cells kill more cancer
4. New network of gastrointestinal immune cells discovered
5. Old T cells cripple immune function in the elderly
6. Novel p53 gene-based therapy boosts immune system and reduces tumor size
7. VGTI researchers help uncover why aging reduces immune system function
8. Brains immune system triggered in autism
9. Marine sponge leads researchers to immune system regulator
10. Mayo Clinic discovers one mechanism for why men and women differ in immune response
11. Longterm immune memory cells cells do not develop during chronic viral infections

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/17/2014)... to a study published today in PLOS Pathogens ... where malaria is common can mount an immune response ... to avoid repeated bouts of high fever and illness ... their bloodstream. The findings may help researchers develop future ... the malaria parasite. , Each year, approximately 200 million ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... In a review published in the April issue of ... The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, says it,s time ... approach to treating sepsis, which kills millions ... Sepsis occurs when molecules released into the bloodstream to ... body. Inflammation is necessary for maintaining good health ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 2014) Doctors who treat patients with a ... can face an agonizing treatment decision. , The ... and help relieve shortness of breath. But some ... can cause potentially fatal complications following transplantation. , ... Dilling, medical director of Loyola University Medical Center,s ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Calif., April 17, 2014 By discovering a new ... after a stroke, researchers at UC Irvine and the ... that may limit or prevent stroke-induced brain damage. , ... fourth-leading cause of death and primary reason for disability ... in a stroke and lets blood-borne material into the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... potential to ward off depression among retirees, particularly among ... in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: ... article " Internet Use and Depression Among Retired Older ... the authors report that Internet use reduced the probability ... study sample. , Late-life depression affects between 5 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Study sheds light on how the immune system protects children from malaria 2Health News:Feinstein Institute researcher publishes new perspective on sepsis 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 3Health News:Study IDs new cause of brain bleeding immediately after stroke 2Health News:Internet use may cut retirees' depression 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... 15, 2014 MultiCell Technologies, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: ... patent application concerning composition of matter, biological targets, mechanism ... cell death.  This patent application describes ... RNA molecules (VSRNAs) which interfere with the basic homeostatic ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... YORK , Jan. 15, 2014 ... report is available in its catalogue: ... Forecast – Worldwide Analysis ... Market Analysis Insulin ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 15, 2014 Reportlinker.com announces that ... available in its catalogue: ... for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- ... http://www.reportlinker.com/p01941928/Global-Markets-and-Technologies-for-Advanced-Drug-Delivery-Systems----Focus-on-Routes-of-Administration.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Drug_Delivery_Technology ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:MultiCell Technologies Files Patent Application Covering New Class of RNA Therapeutics 2MultiCell Technologies Files Patent Application Covering New Class of RNA Therapeutics 3Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 2Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 3Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 4Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 5Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 6Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 7Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 8Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 9Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 10Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 11Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 12Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 13Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 14Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 15Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 16Insulin Pump Market & Forecast - Worldwide Analysis 17Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 2Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 3Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 4Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 5Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 6Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 7Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 8Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 9Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 10Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 11Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 12Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 13Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 14Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 15Global Markets and Technologies for Advanced Drug Delivery Systems -- Focus on Routes of Administration 16
Cached News: