Little benefit from comprehensive assessment of older people in general practice

This release is also available in German.

Results of the largest study to date to identify the best ways to assess and treat elderly patients is published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. No single approach in terms of assessment (universal or targeted assessment to those with the greatest health-care needs) nor the location of treatment (primary care or hospital geriatric department) was found to offer substantial advantages in terms of reduced mortality or quality of life.

A 1990 UK health policy required all general practitioners to offer an annual multidimensional assessment to patients aged 75 years and older. Although the contract specified the broad areas for assessment, it gave little guidance on the method, level, and nature of assessment. Astrid Fletcher (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK) and colleagues did a trial in the setting of general practice in the UK to measure the effects of different approaches to the assessment and management of elderly people.

The study included over 43,000 patients aged 75 years or older from 106 UK general practices and compared (1) universal versus targeted assessment and (2) subsequent management by hospital outpatient geriatric team versus the primary-care team. All participants received a brief assessment followed by a nurse-led in-depth assessment in the universal group, whereas in the targeted group the in-depth assessment was offered only to those with problems established at the brief assessment. The primary outcome measures of the study were death, admissions to hospital and institution, and quality of life.

After 3 years of follow-up, there were no improvements in survival or reductions in admissions to hospital, nursing or residential homes with in-depth assessment or outpatient geriatric management. There was a small benefit in social functioning from hospital- based outpatient ge

Contact: Joe Santangelo

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