Low-Tech Devices, Home Adaptations Preserve Independence, Reduce Health-Care Costs For Physically Frail Elderly

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- A case-control study of frail elderly, in which half of the participants received assistive devices and home adaptations as needed and half received "usual care services," has shown that participants in the intervention group sustained a higher level of independence at the end of the 18-month study.

The treatment group also spent significantly less on health care -- an average of $14,173 per person, compared to $31,610 per person in the control group.

The study, published in the May/June issue of Archives of Family Medicine, is the first randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of environmental interventions and assistive devices in maintaining independence and reducing home-health-care costs among home-based frail elderly

"The study demonstrates that a relatively inexpensive intervention can result in significantly lower health-related expenses," said William C. Mann, Ph.D., professor and chair of the Department of Occupational Therapy in the University at Buffalo School of Health Related Professions and principal researcher on the study. "Most importantly, higher levels of independence brought improved quality of life, and fewer and shorter hospitalizations."

At the study's inception, all participants -- 104 frail elderly living at home -- underwent a comprehensive assessment of their home environment and their functional abilities, using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), an assessment tool developed at UB and now used internationally. FIM employs a 7-point scale to quantify performance in a wide range of daily living activities.

Participants then were assigned randomly to either the intervention group or the control group. The treatment group received the necessary assistive devices or home modifications indicated by their assessment. The control group's "usual care" involved hospital or nursing home care, at-home health care and any services provided

Contact: Lois Baker
University at Buffalo

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Low-Tech Treatment Proves A Life-Saver In Research Breakthrough
2. Reduced progression of atherosclerosis tied to statin drugs lowering fats, protein
3. Reduced risk of institutionalisation in patients with dementia
4. Reduced exposure tobacco products lessen carcinogen exposure, but medicinal nicotine better
5. Reduced scarring helps nerves grow through spinal injuries
6. Reduced risk for developing type 2 diabetes recommended for inclusion in Xenicals European label
7. Reduced breastfeeding in western countries makes major contribution to incidence of breast cancer
8. Kidney Transplants From Living Donors Reduce Long-Term Costs Of Care
9. Diet Can Reduce Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease
10. UCSF Study Shows That An Herbal Therapy Reduces PSA Levels By Half In Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer
11. Relaxation And Music Significantly Reduce Patients Postoperative Pain

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/11/2019)... ... ... Early praise for A Nurse’s Step-by-Step Guide to Publishing a Dissertation or ... key insight and vital guidance for publishing dissertations or DNP projects. A Nurse’s Step-by-Step ... my bookshelf and will be shared with new graduates and colleagues alike.” , ...
(Date:11/11/2019)... ... 11, 2019 , ... Smile Brands Inc., one of the ... States, today announced the grand opening of another affiliated Bright Now! Dental ... hours, comfortable offices and full-service care at the new location. The newest Bright ...
(Date:11/11/2019)... ... November 11, 2019 , ... Last year’s expo was ... countries including big box buyers like Costco, Walmart, and GNC. Exhibitors included some ... name a few. , This year, CBD.io and partners, are once ...
(Date:11/11/2019)... ... November 11, 2019 , ... ... for improved foodborne illness prevention and urges increased adoption of compliance technology in ... series of vegetable products sold to select retailers in the United States and ...
(Date:11/11/2019)... ... November 11, 2019 , ... PracticeLink Live! Atlanta Physician Career Fair will ... begin at 5:00 p.m. and continue until 8:00 p.m. A free, optional seminar for ... begin at 6:30 p.m. , Both the career fair and seminar are open to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/12/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... November 12, 2019 , ... ... opening of a new medication-assisted treatment (MAT) facility in the Cincinnati, OH suburb ... including medication, counseling and support services. The clinic, located at 749C State Route ...
(Date:11/11/2019)... CHARLOTTE, N.C., and GREENSBORO, N.C. (PRWEB) , ... November 11, 2019 ... ... that delivers value-based care to adults on Medicare, has opened two new centers in ... healthcare as it should be, Oak Street Health offers an entirely different model of ...
(Date:11/11/2019)... ... November 11, 2019 , ... ... facilitate the coordination and implementation of joint projects for the benefit of ... undertakings will empower biomedical professionals to leverage their roles in the research, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: