HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Maternal Exposure To Crack Cocaine Produces Stressed Newborns

PROVIDENCE, R.I.--Crack-smoking pregnant women give birth to babies who twitch, tremble and arch their backs more than non-exposed newborns, according to a new study by researchers in the Brown University School of Medicine.

"Crack babies" also display patterns of both excitability and lethargy, appear to be more stressed, and fail to follow certain stimuli, such as a rattle or bell, compared to non-exposed infants.

The Brown researchers think the findings result from the combined action of cocaine with alcohol and marijuana. Alcohol can boost the effects of cocaine, and most of the crack-smoking women in the study abused alcohol and marijuana.

The Brown study injects clear-cut evidence into a two-decade-old medical debate over what happens to newborns whose mothers smoke crack cocaine during pregnancy. Its testing procedure was developed by the Brown researchers as part of an ongoing, long-term multisite study, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, of about 1,400 infants and children. Given that studies of crack babies in the 1980s produced conflicting findings and were biased at times by unscientific techniques, the Brown study is designed to provide scientifically valid findings about the effects of substance exposure in the womb.

"Newborns who were exposed to crack looked like normal babies but didn't act like them," said Beata Napiorkowski, the lead author of the Brown study, which appears in the July issue of the journal Pediatrics. "Cocaine-exposed infants were more jittery, had more muscle tension, and were harder to move because they were stiff." Some cocaine-exposed infants were also drowsier and had a weaker crawl than non-exposed babies.

Napiorkowski and co-researchers in the Department of Pediatrics in Women and Infants Hospital studied the one- and two-day-old babies of 57 women. Twenty of the infants had been exposed to cocaine, alcohol, marijuana and cigarettes. Seventeen of the newborns had been exposed to alco
'"/>

Contact: Scott Turner
Scott_Turner@Brown.edu
401-863-2476
Brown University
14-Aug-1996


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Maternal fever in early pregnancy not associated with fetal death
2. Maternal feeding practices are linked to childhood obesity
3. Maternal Tissue Typing Could Improve Selection Of Kidney Transplant Donors
4. Exposure to food increases brain metabolism
5. Exposure to famine associated with increased breast cancer risk
6. Exposure to carcinogens not proportionally decreased by reduction in smoking
7. Exposure to atomic bomb radiation associated with nervous system tumors
8. Exposure to bacteria modulates immune response and decreases allergy in farm children
9. Exposure to hepatitis C has no effect on antiretroviral treatment outcomes in HIV patients
10. Exposure to light and sleep pattern alteration
11. Near-Sightedness In Children Linked To Light Exposure During Sleep Before Age Two

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Dr. ... recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town journal ... spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at Children’s National ... 49th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Oct. 12-15. ... for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen P. Hunger, M.D., ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by Best ... in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... In the United States, ... In some states—like New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, Connecticut, and California—the ... have extremely low property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively lower cost of ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Farm Forward ... and other leading institutions in announcing the launch of the Leadership Circle ... way animals are raised for food. , Founding members of the Leadership Circle ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... 2017  NDS received FDA 510(k) clearance in May 2017 for ... stand specifically designed for endoscopy environments. An innovative secondary monitor solution, ... solution to support the improvement of patient outcomes, procedural efficiency, and ... ... ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... , Oct. 5, 2017  In response ... of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released prescribing ... – to be used as a first-line therapy ... Recognizing the ... AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and Postoperative ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... OBP Medical , a leading ... today announced regulatory approval from Brazil,s ... Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)) to market ... with integrated LED light source and smoke evacuation ... of a tissue pocket or cavity during surgical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: