HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Maternal Exposure To Crack Cocaine Produces Stressed Newborns

PROVIDENCE, R.I.--Crack-smoking pregnant women give birth to babies who twitch, tremble and arch their backs more than non-exposed newborns, according to a new study by researchers in the Brown University School of Medicine.

"Crack babies" also display patterns of both excitability and lethargy, appear to be more stressed, and fail to follow certain stimuli, such as a rattle or bell, compared to non-exposed infants.

The Brown researchers think the findings result from the combined action of cocaine with alcohol and marijuana. Alcohol can boost the effects of cocaine, and most of the crack-smoking women in the study abused alcohol and marijuana.

The Brown study injects clear-cut evidence into a two-decade-old medical debate over what happens to newborns whose mothers smoke crack cocaine during pregnancy. Its testing procedure was developed by the Brown researchers as part of an ongoing, long-term multisite study, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, of about 1,400 infants and children. Given that studies of crack babies in the 1980s produced conflicting findings and were biased at times by unscientific techniques, the Brown study is designed to provide scientifically valid findings about the effects of substance exposure in the womb.

"Newborns who were exposed to crack looked like normal babies but didn't act like them," said Beata Napiorkowski, the lead author of the Brown study, which appears in the July issue of the journal Pediatrics. "Cocaine-exposed infants were more jittery, had more muscle tension, and were harder to move because they were stiff." Some cocaine-exposed infants were also drowsier and had a weaker crawl than non-exposed babies.

Napiorkowski and co-researchers in the Department of Pediatrics in Women and Infants Hospital studied the one- and two-day-old babies of 57 women. Twenty of the infants had been exposed to cocaine, alcohol, marijuana and cigarettes. Seventeen of the newborns had been exposed to alco
'"/>

Contact: Scott Turner
Scott_Turner@Brown.edu
401-863-2476
Brown University
14-Aug-1996


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Maternal fever in early pregnancy not associated with fetal death
2. Maternal feeding practices are linked to childhood obesity
3. Maternal Tissue Typing Could Improve Selection Of Kidney Transplant Donors
4. Exposure to food increases brain metabolism
5. Exposure to famine associated with increased breast cancer risk
6. Exposure to carcinogens not proportionally decreased by reduction in smoking
7. Exposure to atomic bomb radiation associated with nervous system tumors
8. Exposure to bacteria modulates immune response and decreases allergy in farm children
9. Exposure to hepatitis C has no effect on antiretroviral treatment outcomes in HIV patients
10. Exposure to light and sleep pattern alteration
11. Near-Sightedness In Children Linked To Light Exposure During Sleep Before Age Two

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/20/2020)... ... February 20, 2020 , ... Millennial women are flocking to cosmetic surgeons like ... Penn requesting treatments to achieve “ Rich Girl Face .” In fact, Glamour magazine ... slowing down into 2020. It’s a look inspired by the signature bee-stung lips, smooth ...
(Date:2/19/2020)... ... February 19, 2020 , ... Spaulding ... of $10,000.00 from the Doug Flutie, Jr. Foundation for Autism. The grant will ... autism. , The physical fitness program will include the hiring of a fitness ...
(Date:2/19/2020)... ... February 19, 2020 , ... The American College of Lifestyle ... Lifestyle Medicine Residency Curriculum (LMRC). The curriculum is the first comprehensive, applicable and ... Driven by resident involvement, the curriculum has included residents in every aspect of ...
(Date:2/19/2020)... ... , ... MedTech IGNITE Expands Steering Committee, Faculty and Sponsors ... Cohort , The Massachusetts Medical Device Industry Council ( MassMEDIC ) announced today ... founders and CEOs to participate in the 2020 IGNITE Cohort. , The ...
(Date:2/19/2020)... Mass. (PRWEB) , ... February 19, 2020 , ... ... the quality and consistency of healthcare delivery, announced that it will participate in ... 2020, in Orlando, Florida. BPM+ Health will engage healthcare professionals and other stakeholders ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/14/2020)... ... ... Dignitana AB , world leader in scalp cooling innovation, announced today that ... events in 2020 with Susan G. Komen®. The sponsorship extends Dignitana’s reach to hundreds ... MORE THAN PINK Walk® events in key Dignitana markets throughout year. , Dignitana is ...
(Date:2/14/2020)... ... February 14, 2020 , ... The Jim Ellis Automotive ... Atlanta (Children’s) raised through their annual Holiday Giving Campaign. The fundraiser has been ... vehicle sales between November 29, 2019, through January 2, 2020, are donated to ...
(Date:2/13/2020)... ... 2020 , ... A January 23 article on MSN reports ... using a multifaceted approach. Southern California based weight loss clinic West Medical says that, ... comes to diet, cutting food intake significantly over a long period is far easier ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: