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Minorities, poor, uneducated bear the burden

ed through household interviews.

The BRFSS and NHANES survey results were designed to represent the entire U.S. population.

Also among their findings:

  • Hispanics were least likely to have health insurance, least likely to receive flu or pneumonia vaccinations, and had the highest prevalence of poor or fair health.
  • Data from the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) showed the median prevalence of obesity was 39.2 percent for American Indian men and 37.5 percent in women, compared with only 2.9 percent in Asian/Pacific Islander men and 3.6 percent in women.
  • According to NHANES data, black women have the highest prevalence of obesity at more than 47 percent regardless of education level.
  • Data from REACH also showed that cigarette smoking was common in American Indian communities with a median of 42.2 percent for men and 36.7 percent for women. According to BRFSS, black men without a high school diploma have the next highest smoking prevalence at 41.8 percent.
  • Blacks had the highest prevalence of hypertension, the highest self-reported prevalence of diagnosed diabetes, and the highest rate of hospitalizations for stroke.
  • People with less than a high school education were more likely to smoke and to report that they had been diagnosed with diabetes.
  • People with higher education were more likely to have health insurance.
  • Ischemic heart disease and stroke were inversely related to education, income and poverty status.
  • Among Medicare enrollees, congestive heart failure hospitalization was higher in blacks, Hispanics and American Indians/Alaska Natives than among whites.
  • Residents of the southeastern United States had the highest rates of hospitalizations for congestive heart failure and stroke, and the highest age-adjusted death rate for stroke and heart disease.
  • Cholesterol levels were highest among white men, Mexican American men and white women regardless of
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Contact: Carole Bullock
carole.bullock@heart.org
214-706-1279
American Heart Association
15-Mar-2005


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