HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Multivitamins improve weight gain patterns during pregnancy in HIV-infected women from Tanzania

Maternal HIV infection is a particular problem of sub-Saharan Africa, where > 13 million women of childbearing age are infected. Pregnant women who are HIV positive are at serious risk for low birth weight infants or preterm delivery. The progression of HIV infection is usually accompanied by opportunistic infections, diminished dietary intake, and nutrient malabsorption, resulting in weight loss. In an article appearing in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Villamor et al. studied a large group of pregnant, HIV positive women from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and the effects that several different regimes of multivitamin supplement had on their pregnancy outcomes. They found that, during the third trimester, women who took multivitamins gained significantly more weight than women who did not.

Nine hundred and fifty-seven pregnant HIV-positive women who were between 12 and 27 weeks of gestation were enrolled at 4 clinics in Tanzania. The women averaged 25 years old, with an average weight of 57 kg at their first clinic visit. They were randomly assigned to participate in 1 of 4 regimes: a multivitamin supplement that did not include vitamin A; a vitamin A-alone supplement; a multivitamin supplement that included vitamin A; or, a placebo. During the third trimester, multivitamin use was associated with a small increase in weight gain (averaging 304 g) when compared to the placebo. The risk of weight loss or low weight gain after 26 weeks of gestation was 30% less among women who took multivitamins. Though there was no positive overall association between vitamin A and weight gain, women who received both vitamin A and a multivitamin gained more weight in the second trimester than any of the other groups, and had a 29% lower risk of low weight gain at term.

The authors suggest that multivitamins may possibly improve weight loss patterns in pregnant women by slowing the progression of HIV disease, or by reducing the incidence and severity o
'"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Horowitz
horowitz@ascn.faseb.org
301-530-7038
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
24-Oct-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Hormonal treatment improves survival in high-risk prostate cancer patients
2. New technique shows promise for improved straightening of crooked nose
3. Balance and better interactions between primary-care and specialist physicians improve US health
4. Cornea transplants can be improved
5. Growth hormone treatment improves symptoms of metabolic disorder in postmenopausal women
6. New treatment options for some difficult cancers improve survival and quality of life
7. New substance that improves the photodetection of bladder cancer gains market approval
8. Most advanced CT scanner improves imaging of heart, avoids need for surgical inspection
9. Increasing physician volume requirement could improve mammogram accuracy, study concludes
10. Columbia study finds hemophilia therapy dramatically improves outcomes for bleeding stroke
11. OHSU scientists develop MRI approach to improve breast cancer detection

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... , ... Just found out your dear friend has cancer? , It’s hard to hear your ... shares their diagnosis. Once the shock wears off, the questions and fears can be overwhelming. ... best ways to help? Words are failing me. I’m scared. I want to DO something. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Colorado State University Global (CSU ... affordable online education – is proud to announce its new master’s degree in ... its kind in the nation, the 60-credit hour program is designed to provide ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... In an effort to give back to ... 10 percent of each hotel room booked with a special new rate code to ... Indiana (RMHC-CNI) , effective immediately. Donations will be applied to any room type, ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY US) ... Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, the ... growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform our ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Integrated ... Miami is the first Florida school to deploy its breakthrough Mobile Biodefense Indoor Air ... airborne COVID-19. True North Classical Academy plans to fully reopen equipped with the filtration ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... While coronavirus cases continue to increase across ... and community organizations remain closed. Because about 80% of blood donations are made at ... blood donors and blood drive hosts to ensure blood products are readily available for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New York City ... real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but are plastic ... has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip to have ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... reproductive and endoscopic surgeon and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of ... of the American Laparoscopy Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: