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Music, relaxation can complement pain medicine

Patients facing surgery can expect to have less post-operative pain if they use relaxation and music with their pain medicine. A new study by a CWRU nurse researcher has found that relaxation and music, separately or together, significantly reduce a patient's pain following major abdominal surgery. Tested in addition to the usual pain medication, these self-care methods reduced pain more than medication alone. The research was reported in "Pain," the journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain.

Marion Good, assistant professor of nursing at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, studied 500 patients age 18-70 over a 29-month period in five Cleveland hospitals -- the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Fairview General Hospital, Mount Sinai Medical Center, and Southwest General Health Center.

She received $709,480 from the National Institute of Nursing Research at the National Institutes of Health to fund the study. Her co-investigators were Michael Stanton-Hicks and Jeffery Grass, physicians in the Department of Anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic; and Gene Cranston Anderson, the Edward J. and Louise Mellen Professor at the Bolton School. The authors of the article also include Charles Choi, a physician at Fairview General Hospital; and two of Good's doctoral students, Laree Schoolmeesters and Ali Salman.

Their research has important implications for the 23 million people who undergo surgery and experience post-operative pain annually in the United States. This pain can hamper recovery by heightening the body's response to surgical stress and increasing tissue breakdown, coagulation, and fluid retention. Pain also interferes with appetite and sleep and can lead to complications that prolong hospitalization.

Reduction of pain may improve post-operative recovery. Music and relaxation are useful for patients who have had incomplete relief from pain medi
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Contact: Kathleen McDermott
kmm5@po.cwru.edu
216-368-6518
Case Western Reserve University
18-Jun-1999


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