HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
New research suggests two brain areas critical for short-term memory

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. Research in animals has revealed new information about how animals and humans may store and retrieve short-term memories, say researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

"For the first time, we've found that two different areas of the brain share the function of storing and remembering events for short-term memory," said Sam Deadwyler, Ph.D., lead researcher. "These new findings broaden our understanding of how memory works."

Deadwyler and co-investigator Robert Hampson, Ph.D., showed that the hippocampus, a structure long believed to be important for short-term memory, shares this function with another adjacent brain area, the subiculum. The research, reported in the current issue of Neuron, shows that both structures are required to process information correctly.

Knowing more about memory and what goes wrong in conditions such as Alzheimer's disease could lead to more sensitive tests for early diagnosis, as well as new drugs to enhance and recover memory, said Deadwyler. In addition, the findings that two brain areas act together to establish and retrieve short-term memories suggests the possibility that humans could be retrained to use one area if the other is damaged or diseased.

"Surprisingly, we found that the shortest memories were controlled almost exclusively by the subiculum, which is exactly opposite from what was previously believed," said Deadwyler. "For the first 10 to 15 seconds of the task used to examine this in rats, we found that the memory function of the hippocampus actually shuts off."

Using multiple electrodes smaller than the size of a human hair, the researchers recorded activity in the hippocampus and subiculum as rats performed a memory task. The results showed that both brain structures "encode" or "remember" information, but they do it at different times.

For the memory task, rats were randomly presented either a "right" of "left" lever. With f
'"/>

Contact: Karen Richardson
krchrdsn@wfubmc.edu
336-716-6878
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
12-May-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Public morally obliged to take part in scientific research, says leading ethicist
2. U of M researcher says Viagra may cause permanent vision loss in some men
3. Indiana University researchers closer to helping hearing-impaired using stem cells
4. Can you read my mind? W.M. Keck Foundation funds innovative brain research at Carnegie Mellon
5. RIT takes eye-tracking research to next level
6. UW research shows risk factors for relapse among health care professionals who abuse drugs
7. Protein that helps skin cancer spread identified by Stanford researchers
8. US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say
9. Ethical discussion should come before research
10. Philanthropist Paul F. Glenn launches labs for aging research at Harvard Medical School
11. Gene for age-related macular degeneration discovered by Yale researchers

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... enhancements, upgrading their training and leads programs. , In February, 2017, Empower Brokerage ... sales agents, Performance Partners is designed to teach how to maximize their sales ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... , ... “Finding Christ Through Social Media: Year One #A365DayJourney ... writer’s path toward true communion with God. “Finding Christ Through Social Media: Year ... of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a follower of Christ, wife and mother ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation of Christian Love” is the creation of published ... with his wife, Anna Marie. He and his wife are the proud parents of ... author of “Shadow and Substance.” , “Love, the agape kind, is seen as more ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... “The Adventures of ... smart and silly dog who lives his life to the fullest, as God intended. ... published author Patti Holmgren, a mother and grandmother pursuing her passion for writing, especially ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... A recent report from the ... teacher preparation programs. The NCTQ report suggests, based on a review of GPA and ... improve teacher quality in the U.S. It argues that this higher bar should be ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... offering. ... is very strong with a total of 97 drug candidates. Pharma giant ... are involved in the development of the IPF therapeutics. The IPF pipeline ... stage, 15 are in Phase II stage, 12 are in Phase I ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... Global Strategic Business Report" report to their offering. ... The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for ... Europe , Asia-Pacific , ... are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ... "Company"), a clinical-stage oncology and dermatology biopharmaceutical company, ... Financing Commitment Term Sheet (the "Definitive Financing") it ... of the Company,s stockholders, who are referred to ... a Form 8-K filed with the Securities and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: