News tips for Tuesday, November 9, 2004

moking prevalence has decreased in black and white adults of all ages, and now is about equal in both groups. Overall, smoking by blacks declined from 34 percent to 26 percent, and by whites from 29 percent to 26 percent. Smoking prevalence was higher in black men than white men (33 percent versus 28 percent), but lower in black women than white women (21 percent versus 24 percent). The unwelcome news is that obesity in both races has increased significantly from 29 percent to 40 percent overall for blacks, and from 21 percent to 29 percent for whites. Obesity increased 36 percent in black women, with nearly half of them 49 percent now considered obese, versus 30 percent of white women. Exercise rates were low: 19 percent for blacks versus 18 percent for whites. Researchers call the obesity increase "problematic."

8:45 a.m. Abstract 3690 African-Americans have higher death risk after reperfusion. Studies have shown a higher death rate for African-Americans with coronary artery disease compared to Caucasians. Less is known about the relationship of African-American's outcome from a form of heart attack known as acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Researchers evaluated data from 32,419 patients treated to restore blood flow to a block artery (reperfusion therapy) due to STEMI. Coronary angiography rates were similar but African-Americans were less likely to undergo a surgical procedure to restore blood flow. While death rates within 30 days for the two groups were similar, in-hospital stroke and bleeding, and one-year mortality were "significantly higher" among African-Americans. Detailed study of this disparity is needed, the scientists say.

9 a.m. Abstract 3763 "Flight socks" reduce deep-vein leg clots during long air travel. Researchers may have found a method to reduce deep venous thrombosis (DVT), serious clotting in legs of at-risk individuals. In 1,000 patients identified to be at medium to hig

Contact: Carole Bullock
American Heart Association

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Related medicine news :

1. News tips for Tuesday, Nov. 11, 2003
2. November/December 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
3. American Thoracic Society journal news tips for November 2004 (second issue)
4. Studies from the November issue of The Archives of Dermatology, a theme issue on facial rejuvenation
5. News tips for Wednesday, November 10, 2004
6. News tips for Monday, November 8, 2004
7. News briefs from the Journal CHEST, November 2004
8. News tips for Sunday, November 7, 2004
9. American Thoracic Society journal news tips for November 2004 (first issue)
10. Other highlights in the November 19 issue of JNCI
11. Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, November 18, 2003

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