HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Nicotine dependence & psychiatric disorders

Adults with nicotine dependence and/or psychiatric disorders consume 70 percent of all cigarettes smoked in the United States, according to results of a National Institutes of Health (NIH) study reported in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry (Volume 61). Based on the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), the article provides the first national estimates among U.S. adults of the prevalence and co-occurrence of nicotine dependence and a broad array of other psychiatric disorders including alcohol and drug abuse and dependence, mood and anxiety disorders, and personality disorders as defined by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV).

Nicotine dependence is most prevalent among persons with current drug and alcohol use disorders (52.4 percent and 34.5 percent, respectively) and somewhat lower among persons with any mood or anxiety disorder (29.2 percent and 25.3 percent, respectively) and personality disorders (27.3 percent). Persons with a current psychiatric disorder--whether or not they are nicotine dependent--make up 30.3 percent of the population and consume 46.3 percent of all cigarettes smoked. Nicotine dependent persons with co-existing psychiatric disorders comprise only about 7 percent of the adult population but smoke about 34 percent of all cigarettes.

"Until now, surprisingly little has been known about the comorbidity of nicotine dependence and other psychiatric disorders and its role in the national burden of smoking on health," said Ting-Kai Li, M.D., Director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism at NIH. "This report fills that gap and points to a need to focus smoking cessation efforts on persons with nicotine dependence, especially those with co-occurring alcohol and drug use disorders or other comorbid psychiatric conditions."

The NESARC is a representative su
'"/>

Contact: Ann Bradley
abradley@mail.nih.gov
301-443-0595
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
1-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Nicotine more addictive when combined with other tobacco smoke chemicals, UCI study finds
2. Nicotine metabolite shows promise for improving memory, protecting brain cells
3. Nicotine metabolite may improve memory, protect against disease
4. Nicotine patches and gum may pose health hazards
5. Nicotine withdrawal woes shown to be similar to inflammatory response
6. Nicotine Patches Are Cheaper Than Smoking!
7. Combination Nicotine Replacement Therapies Are The Most Effective Means To Quit Smoking
8. Highest average rate of US road deaths on Independence Day
9. Naltrexone injections for alcohol dependence: once-a-month treatment helps maintain sobriety
10. Adult marijuana abuse, dependence increased during 1990s
11. Increase in prevalence of marijuana abuse and dependence

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/17/2019)... ... ... A clinical article reviewing the long-term performance of the latest structured breast implant technology ... Meeting 2019 in San Diego last month. The article, titled “IDEAL IMPLANT Structured Breast ... Robert A. Hardesty, M.D., and Gregg M. Anigian, M.D., and was published in the ...
(Date:10/15/2019)... Va. (PRWEB) , ... October 15, 2019 , ... ... Complying with FDA’s Most Recent IFU Guidance , **An FDAnews Webinar**, Tuesday, October ... recent Instructions for Use (IFU) guidance have on new drug applications and biologics ...
(Date:10/11/2019)... ... October 11, 2019 , ... Only 6% of orthopedic ... of them, as well as a female physician leading the sports medicine program. These ... girls who want to succeed in traditionally male-oriented fields. , Orthopedic medicine ...
(Date:10/10/2019)... ... October 10, 2019 , ... ... and information technology (IT) services for the healthcare industry, has completed the first ... Authority (PHA) of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas towards a fully integrated health ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... 2019 , ... What unique insights can three former Surgeons General of the ... the nation? That question will be answered at ICAA 2019: Shaping the Future of ... event will take place October 10-12, 2019, at the Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2019)... ... October 10, 2019 , ... ... Cocktail Reception on Thursday, September 26, at the Westchester Country Club in Rye. ... unwavering support of the organization and its mission. , “In Celebration” featured live ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... ... “When Seconds Count: Reports From an Emergency Medical Helicopter Pilot”: a powerful read ... the real stories of the EMS flight crew. “When Seconds Count: Reports From an ... EMS helicopter pilot. He has been a pilot in the HEMS industry for twelve ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... advanced dental implant seminar to enhance his skill and knowledge of dental implant ... Dentistry Continuum™ is a four-part series of classes that combines in-depth lectures with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: