HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Nicotine dependence & psychiatric disorders

Adults with nicotine dependence and/or psychiatric disorders consume 70 percent of all cigarettes smoked in the United States, according to results of a National Institutes of Health (NIH) study reported in the November issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry (Volume 61). Based on the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), the article provides the first national estimates among U.S. adults of the prevalence and co-occurrence of nicotine dependence and a broad array of other psychiatric disorders including alcohol and drug abuse and dependence, mood and anxiety disorders, and personality disorders as defined by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV).

Nicotine dependence is most prevalent among persons with current drug and alcohol use disorders (52.4 percent and 34.5 percent, respectively) and somewhat lower among persons with any mood or anxiety disorder (29.2 percent and 25.3 percent, respectively) and personality disorders (27.3 percent). Persons with a current psychiatric disorder--whether or not they are nicotine dependent--make up 30.3 percent of the population and consume 46.3 percent of all cigarettes smoked. Nicotine dependent persons with co-existing psychiatric disorders comprise only about 7 percent of the adult population but smoke about 34 percent of all cigarettes.

"Until now, surprisingly little has been known about the comorbidity of nicotine dependence and other psychiatric disorders and its role in the national burden of smoking on health," said Ting-Kai Li, M.D., Director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism at NIH. "This report fills that gap and points to a need to focus smoking cessation efforts on persons with nicotine dependence, especially those with co-occurring alcohol and drug use disorders or other comorbid psychiatric conditions."

The NESARC is a representative su
'"/>

Contact: Ann Bradley
abradley@mail.nih.gov
301-443-0595
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
1-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Nicotine more addictive when combined with other tobacco smoke chemicals, UCI study finds
2. Nicotine metabolite shows promise for improving memory, protecting brain cells
3. Nicotine metabolite may improve memory, protect against disease
4. Nicotine patches and gum may pose health hazards
5. Nicotine withdrawal woes shown to be similar to inflammatory response
6. Nicotine Patches Are Cheaper Than Smoking!
7. Combination Nicotine Replacement Therapies Are The Most Effective Means To Quit Smoking
8. Highest average rate of US road deaths on Independence Day
9. Naltrexone injections for alcohol dependence: once-a-month treatment helps maintain sobriety
10. Adult marijuana abuse, dependence increased during 1990s
11. Increase in prevalence of marijuana abuse and dependence

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/18/2018)... ... October 18, 2018 , ... Fellow Health Partners, ... and qualifications of four doctors who have agreed to join its Advisory Board. , ... brainpower and talent that is helping to guide Fellow Health Partners. They will provide ...
(Date:10/17/2018)... ... ... The Myers’ have been doing this for five years. This year’s event takes ... 91326. , “The Harvest Festival is another way we like to give back to ... Hospital LA,” said Kris and Keith. , The event includes a 50/50 raffle, where ...
(Date:10/16/2018)... , ... October 16, 2018 , ... ... of its mission to provide simple, easy-to-use software for biopharma companies. By pairing ... now quickly answer those crucial resourcing questions without spending millions of dollars implementing ...
(Date:10/16/2018)... ... October 16, 2018 , ... The months of training are over. The race has ... will probably feel like they were put through the wringer after the big event. Read ... team at Medicine in Motion on how to treat the body and mind after a ...
(Date:10/13/2018)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2018 , ... Convoy of ... communities. Convoy of Hope has a distribution site set up to serve hurricane survivors ... , Up to 50 additional truckloads of supplies are in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/20/2018)... ... ... Dr. Rajdeep S. Randhawa of Innovative Dentistry has been reviewed and ... Restorative Dentistry’ which includes an exclusive group of 6 Top Dentists out of ... website. Dr. Randhawa has been practicing dentistry since 1988 and specializes in Minimally ...
(Date:10/18/2018)... ... October 18, 2018 , ... On October 24th, Harlem ... 30 years of service to New Yorkers with its 2018 Boulevard Bash Gala ... , Harlem United will honor Soledad O’Brien with the Community Champion Award ...
(Date:10/18/2018)... ... October 18, 2018 , ... Ensurem, LLC, an ... insurance, announced today the launch of the first 100 percent digital application for ... its mission to streamline the insurance industry. , The e-application offers consumers the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: