HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Novel imaging technique shows abnormal brain anatomy in children with ADHD

CHICAGO Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display anatomical brain abnormalities beyond chemical imbalance, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Stimulant medications prescribed to balance brain chemistry appear to normalize some of these brain irregularities, a second study reported.

"We found abnormality of the fiber pathways in the frontal cortex, basal ganglia, brain stem and cerebellum," said lead author of both studies, Manzar Ashtari, PhD., associate professor of radiology and psychiatry at North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

"These areas are involved in the processes that regulate attention, impulsive behavior, motor activity, and inhibition--the key symptoms in ADHD children," Dr. Ashtari said. "They are also known to be part of a bigger circuit in the brain that establishes communication between the frontal lobe and cerebellum."

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), ADHD affects 3 to 5 percent of children in the United States. Children with ADHD have difficulty controlling their behavior or focusing their attention.

Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to compare 18 children with diagnosed ADHD with 15 control children to evaluate the brain's white-matter fiber development, Dr. Ashtari's team found differences in the brain fiber pathways that transmit and receive information among brain areas.

"Typically ADHD is described as a chemical imbalance, but our research has shown that there may also be subtle anatomical differences in areas of the brain that are important in this disorder," said co-principal investigator Sanjiv Kumra, M.D., a psychiatrist at the Zucker Hillside Hospital in Glen Oaks, N.Y.

In the second study, the researchers found that children who had received stimulant treatment for ADHD had fewer white matter abnormalities than children who
'"/>

Contact: Maureen Morley
mmorley@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America
29-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Novel therapy tested in mice could chase away cat allergies
2. Novel antibiotic shows promise in shortening treatment duration of tuberculosis
3. Novel p53 gene-based therapy boosts immune system and reduces tumor size
4. Novel drugs help solve Gleevec resistance
5. Novel drug-antidote strategy provides greater control of drug action
6. Novel imaging technique shows lymph nodes, metastases in breast cancer without surgery
7. Novel delivery method for nutrients wins Kaye Innovation Award for Hebrew university students
8. Novel vitamin discovery offers clues for cancer chemotherapy and lipid disorders
9. Novel findings about neovessel formation
10. Novel MRI technique provides clear images of blood flow
11. Novelty-seeking teens may be more easily influenced by tobacco advertisements

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/27/2020)... , ... May 27, 2020 , ... ... that it is now manufacturing face shields to be used as personal ... causes COVID-19. These face shields are single use, made to be worn by ...
(Date:5/26/2020)... ... May 26, 2020 , ... ... availability of two leading RevSpring solutions—Talksoft® patient messaging and IVR Advantage™--for Loyale ... engaging patients through automated and precise texts, IVR reminders and email messages ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 21, 2020 , ... ... Guide to Coordinating Clinical Research, CenterWatch eLearning , https://www.centerwatch.com/products/category/2764-elearning/product/472-the-crc-trainer , ... Trainer: An Interactive Companion to the CRC’s Guide to Coordinating Clinical Research ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... May 21, 2020 , ... A Safe Haven Foundation ... from the $5 million AbbVie COVID-19 Community Resilience Fund. The fund was created in ... of their frontline homeless workers in service to vulnerable populations in hard-hit communities. ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... BEDFORD, Mass. (PRWEB) , ... May 21, 2020 ... ... version of its award-winning population health management platform that supports care management and ... more than 100 individuals at client sites, TruCare 2020 provides significant usability and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2020)... ... 2020 , ... SignatureCare Emergency Center, your friendly neighborhood 24-hour Texas emergency room ... ER is set to open early June, 2020, and will be located on the ... Bldg.4, Pflugerville, TX. , According to Dr. Aaron Braun , a board-certified emergency ...
(Date:5/25/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2020 , ... Federal data ... States are African American. However, many news reports are failing to report that many ... some were denied a test multiple times. , A new song by an artist ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... BROKEN ARROW, Okla. (PRWEB) , ... May 21, ... ... FlightSafety International and Newton Design, responded in mid-March 2020 to deliver thousands of ... in Oklahoma. , Pivoting rapidly from their usual aerospace production work, the three ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: