To evaluate the relationship between weight gain and breast cancer survival, researchers examined detailed lifestyle and medical history information of 5,204 breast cancer patients over 24 years. The women were participants of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), a prospective study of the health of 121,700 female nurses conducted between 1976 and 2000. Researchers used body mass index (BMI) the ratio of a person's height in meters to their weight in kilograms to classify women as normal weight (BMI of 18.5 to 24.9), overweight (BMI of 25 to 29.9), or obese (a BMI above 30). Researchers also computed change in weight before and after diagnosis and classified women as losing weight, maintaining weight, gaining a modest amount of weight, and gaining a substantial amount of weight.
Although other studies have addressed the link between obesity and breast cancer survival, no prior studies had separated smokers from non-smokers. Researchers suggest that the failure to separate these groups in analyses may have obscured the influence of weight or weight gain on breast cancer recurrence and mortality.
Researchers found that high weight prior to diagnosis was associated with poorer survival, but found this was particularly evident in women who had never smoked. Never smokers who were overweight (BMI of 25 kg/m2 or higher) at diagnosis were nearly twice as likely to die as never smokers who were normal-weight (BMI less than 25 kg/m2).
Furthermore, weight gain after breast cancer diagnosis was also associated with an increased risk of recurrence and death,
Contact: Danielle Potuto
American Society of Clinical Oncology