Men in the highest weight categories are eight times more likely to have diabetes, and six times more likely to have a knee replaced or have high blood pressure than are their normal-weight peers, say researchers for the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.
The researchers drew their conclusions from information provided by 73,003 adults aged 50 to 76 who lived in western Washington state.
The researchers correlated obesity with 41 health conditions, including life-threatening conditions like heart failure; some, like high blood pressure, that increase the risk of more serious diseases; and health complaints that reduce the quality of life, like insomnia or chronic fatigue, says lead author Ruth E. Patterson, Ph.D., R.D.
The study appears in the December issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. "No other study has provided data on the association of obesity with such a compendium of health conditions," Patterson says.
Carrying extra weight was tied to 37 of the 41 health conditions studied in women and 29 of 41 conditions in men.
In addition to diabetes, knee replacement and high blood pressure, highly obese women were also more likely to have a history of heart failure, gall bladder removal, pulmonary embolism, chronic fatigue and insomnia. However, these women also experienced slightly lower levels of osteoporotic fractures and constipation, Patterson says.
Highly obese men also experienced more heart failure, fatigue, pulmonary embolism and insomnia, but slightly lower rates of enlarged prostate.
Doctors should consider the diverse ways that increased weight affects their patients' health when they counsel or treat them, Patterson says.