President names eight elite scientists and engineers to receive National Medals of Science

Arlington, Va.--President Bush today named eight of the nation's leading scientists and engineers to receive the 2002 National Medal of Science for work that spawned many advances in scientific theory and developments leading to new technologies. The presidential medal is the nation's highest honor for researchers who make major impacts in fields of science and engineering through career-long, ground-breaking achievements and on the individual disciplines for which the awards are given. The medal also recognizes contributions to innovation, industry or education.

The president named for the Medal of Science biologists James E. Darnell of Rockefeller University in New York City, who discovered RNA processing, and Evelyn M. Witkin of Rutgers University, who confirmed the notion of DNA repair.

Leo L. Beranek of Cambridge, Mass., a retired leader in acoustical science for the military and the arts, will receive the medal for engineering.

Mathematician James G. Glimm of Stony Brook University is being honored for his work in shock wave theory and other cross-disciplinary fields in mathematical physics.

John I. Brauman of Stanford University will receive the award in chemistry. Three other honorees in the physical sciences include W. Jason Morgan of Princeton University, Richard L. Garwin at the Council on Foreign Relations In New York City, and Edward Witten of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J.

Brauman's chemistry research answered many questions about the role of solvents. Morgan, a Princeton professor of geography, revolutionized the theory of plate tectonics, a milestone for scientists studying how earthquakes occur and how Earth's history is documented. Garwin, a military technology innovator, invented and patented magnetic resonance techniques that are key to today's magnetic resonance imaging technology. He also laid the foundation for technologies in superconducting electronic circuitry. Witte

Contact: Bill Noxon
National Science Foundation

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