HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Researchers discover alcohol-sensitive membrane channel

Site found while examining ethanol's effect on potassium channels

A study reported in the December issue of Nature Neuroscience (Volume 2, Number 12, pages 1084-1090) identifies a new cell membrane channel where ethanol, the alcohol found in intoxicating beverages, may act. Neurobiologists from the Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research and Section on Neurobiology, and the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Texas (UT) at Austin discovered actions of alcohol while studying a subtype of potassium channels, a diverse family of ion channels that perform many central nervous system functions. Identification of the alcohol-sensitive channel has significant implications because of its key role in brain function.

"Molecular analysis of this cell memberane channel ultimately will increase our knowledge of how alcohol affects the brain and, thereby, the way a person functions," said Enoch Gordis, M.D., Director, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), a component of the National Institutes of Health.

Joanne M. Lewohl, Ph.D., and her associates identified the effect of ethanol on the G-protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channel (GIRK). GIRKs are widely distributed in the brain and play a major role in regulating inhibitory responses in the central nervous system. They act by regulating neuron-to-neuron communication and the rate of this information transfer.

Whereas most potassium channels are either unaffected or inhibited by ethanol and other alcohols, GIRK channels were shown to be sensitive to ethanol at a concentration below the legal level for intoxication (10mM), the researchers found. This high sensitivity to relatively minor changes may influence substantially the capability of neurons to communicate. The researchers conclude that ethanol enhances or exaggerates the effect of normal neurotransmitter action, producing profound physiological effe
'"/>

Contact: Ann Bradley
abradley@willco.niaaa.nih.gov
301-443-3860
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
21-Nov-1999


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers search for first sign of congestive heart failure
2. Researchers say breast cancer in Africa may provide clues to the disease in African-Americans
3. Researchers close in on breast cancer vaccine
4. Researchers discover link between insulin and Alzheimers
5. Researchers model brains electrical storm during a seizure
6. Researchers track programs success in curbing aggressive behavior
7. Researchers confirm Vioxx nearly doubled cardiovascular risks in cancer prevention study
8. Researchers offer emergency workers a lifeline
9. Researchers discover genetic variant that may explain why women develop M.S. more than men
10. Researchers map the sexual network of an entire high school
11. Researchers hope monkeys can provide new insights into depression

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of ... collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event ... wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The ... the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book ... have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: ... souls in the Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is ... Bible. She has taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and San ... using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans are ... cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 percent ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), one of the ... new design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support and ... pain while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated from ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... Divoti USA will engrave and process all non-coated stainless ... FDA requirements, which stipulates new criteria regarding medical device manufacture and ... ID jewelry such as Medical ID Bracelets, can rest assured that ... the new FDA requirements . ... Divoti offers this dark mark fiber laser engraving process with ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... FRISCO, Texas , Oct. 11, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... healthcare services, has amplified its effort during National ... patients about hereditary cancer risks. ... Journal of Clinical Oncology calculated that more than ... to have inherited mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... IRVING, Texas , Oct. 6, 2017   ... industry with more than $100 billion in purchasing power, ... industry news and information. The Newsroom is ... chain and industry trends, infographics, expert bios, news releases, ... Besides having access to a wealth of resources at ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: