Researchers discover alcohol-sensitive membrane channel

Site found while examining ethanol's effect on potassium channels

A study reported in the December issue of Nature Neuroscience (Volume 2, Number 12, pages 1084-1090) identifies a new cell membrane channel where ethanol, the alcohol found in intoxicating beverages, may act. Neurobiologists from the Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research and Section on Neurobiology, and the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Texas (UT) at Austin discovered actions of alcohol while studying a subtype of potassium channels, a diverse family of ion channels that perform many central nervous system functions. Identification of the alcohol-sensitive channel has significant implications because of its key role in brain function.

"Molecular analysis of this cell memberane channel ultimately will increase our knowledge of how alcohol affects the brain and, thereby, the way a person functions," said Enoch Gordis, M.D., Director, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), a component of the National Institutes of Health.

Joanne M. Lewohl, Ph.D., and her associates identified the effect of ethanol on the G-protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channel (GIRK). GIRKs are widely distributed in the brain and play a major role in regulating inhibitory responses in the central nervous system. They act by regulating neuron-to-neuron communication and the rate of this information transfer.

Whereas most potassium channels are either unaffected or inhibited by ethanol and other alcohols, GIRK channels were shown to be sensitive to ethanol at a concentration below the legal level for intoxication (10mM), the researchers found. This high sensitivity to relatively minor changes may influence substantially the capability of neurons to communicate. The researchers conclude that ethanol enhances or exaggerates the effect of normal neurotransmitter action, producing profound physiological effe

Contact: Ann Bradley
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers search for first sign of congestive heart failure
2. Researchers say breast cancer in Africa may provide clues to the disease in African-Americans
3. Researchers close in on breast cancer vaccine
4. Researchers discover link between insulin and Alzheimers
5. Researchers model brains electrical storm during a seizure
6. Researchers track programs success in curbing aggressive behavior
7. Researchers confirm Vioxx nearly doubled cardiovascular risks in cancer prevention study
8. Researchers offer emergency workers a lifeline
9. Researchers discover genetic variant that may explain why women develop M.S. more than men
10. Researchers map the sexual network of an entire high school
11. Researchers hope monkeys can provide new insights into depression

Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/13/2017)... EDWARDSVILLE, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... ... ... University Edwardsville School of Pharmacy (SOP) alumni Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and ... educated healthcare professionals on guideline updates for the primary prevention of cardiovascular ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for ... for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in ... reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission ... lost souls in the Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” ... the Bible. She has taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... WAUSAU, Wis. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... formulated standard products to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities ... team of probiotic experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... Mohebi Hair Restoration, has recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped ... cosmetictown.com. Dr. Mohebi’s article spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/4/2017)... 2017 OBP Medical , a ... devices, today announced regulatory approval from ... Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)) to market ... retractor with integrated LED light source and smoke ... exposure of a tissue pocket or cavity during ...
(Date:10/2/2017)...  AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, the combined central specialty pharmacy ... benefit manager Prime Therapeutics LLC (Prime), today officially began ... unveiling of new signage at its headquarters in ... a few other company-owned facilities across the country. This ... of whom will begin to see the AllianceRx Walgreens ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... , Sept. 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ... earnings conference call and webcast on Friday, November 3, ... (EDT) and ending at approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / ... the company,s 2017 financial performance and guidance for 2018, ... initiatives to enhance operational performance, and long-range financial outlook ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: