HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Scientists identify key mechanism in estrogen's role in preventing bone loss

n deficiency, they removed the ovaries from mice, then studied the effects of estrogen on immune cells and on bone marrow in culture. They measured the level of TGFb in bone marrow macrophages (BMM) and discovered that the level of TGFb in the BMM of mice lacking ovaries was about half that of mice with ovaries. When they treated the mice with estrogen, levels of TGFb in the bone marrow increased about three-fold in mice with ovaries and about eight-fold in mice without ovaries.

In order to test the effects of TGFb on bone-marrow density, the scientists used a transgenic mouse model in which TBFb signaling in T cells is blocked. Although these mice had the same level of bone density as control mice at birth, they gradually lost bone density over time, suggesting that when T cells are insensitive to TGFb signaling, they stimulate the loss of bone.

"Our research shows that mice with T-cell specific blockade of TGFb signaling are completely insensitive to the bone-sparing effects of estrogen," says Dr. Pacifici. "This results from a failure of estrogen to repress the production of IFN-g, which in turn leads to increased T cell activation and TNF production. We also found in mice that a lack of estrogen production blunts the levels of TGFb in the bone marrow and that overexpression of TGFb in vivo prevents bone loss caused by removal of the ovaries. This critical mechanism in the estrogen-bone loss pathway, should it be confirmed in humans, could lead us to inhibition of T-cell activation or simulation of TGFB signaling as new therapeutic approaches for preventing bone loss."

Other authors included Wei-Ping Qian, Kimberly Dark, Gianluca Toraldo, and M. Neale Weitzmann from Emory School of Medicine; Angela S.P. Lin and Robert E. Guldberg from the Georgia Institute of Technology; and Richard A. Flavell from Yale University School of Medicine. The research was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health.


'"/>

Contact: Holly Korschun
hkorsch@emory.edu
404-727-3990
Emory University Health Sciences Center
28-Oct-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists replicate hepatitis C virus in laboratory
2. Scientists identify brain regions that decide where we look
3. Scientists uncover new mechanism for the amygdala in fear recognition
4. Scientists identify protein critical to melanoma growth
5. Scientists discover recipe for life: eating the Polymeal cuts heart disease by 76%
6. Scientists study fish oil diet in bid to cut heart attack risks
7. Scientists discover enzyme crucial to the transportation of proteins within cells
8. Scientists turn on the gender lens on cardiovascular disease research
9. Scientists stalk PPAR-gamma, find novel cancer connection
10. Scientists align billion-year-old protein with embryonic heart defects
11. Scientists pinpoint flaw, offer new promise for stroke treatment

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/25/2017)... ... July 25, 2017 , ... USHEALTH Group, Inc. has ... prestigious CEO World Awards®. The coveted annual CEO World Awards program encompasses the ... studies, corporate social responsibility, and milestones from every major industry in the world. ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... Houston, TX (PRWEB) , ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... $1000 student scholarship will be awarded for the fall semester to a deserving student. ... SignatureCare Emergency Centers Spring 2017 scholarship was awarded to Mariana Castillo who is a ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Peruvian Ayahuasca retreat, ... be awarded annually to and divided between two full-time university students enrolled in ... Amazonian plant medicine. To apply for the scholarship, students are asked to submit ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Independence Blue Cross ... on an Innovation Collaboration program, have signed a five-year agreement that will marshal ... the care members and patients receive. The agreement also signifies Jefferson Health officially ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... , ... July 24, 2017 , ... Sharon Kleyne, host ... and Your Health on VoiceAmerica sponsored by Nature‚Äôs Tears® EyeMist® recently talked on the ... of myopia in China. , The article by Zidor Aldama described the situation in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/10/2017)... COLUMBIA, S.C. , July 10, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... product purchasing and patient support services organization serving ... announced today the launch of four significant, value-added ... into market insights, better manage reimbursement and improve ... Ig and factor therapies. ...
(Date:7/6/2017)... ThriveRx, the nutrition division of Diplomat Specialty Infusion Group, is celebrating a ... To celebrate its anniversary, ThriveRx recently launched a redesigned website ... with improved organization to create the best user experience for consumers and ... ... "We,ve made several great strides throughout the ...
(Date:7/5/2017)... Pace Analytical, a company of over 2,000 employees and a leader in environmental ... Sciences, further solidifying their position as the top American owned and operated environmental ... ... Analytical ... Mt Juliet, TN , enhances Pace Analytical,s capability as an innovative full ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: