HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Scientists identify protein critical to melanoma growth

BOSTON--Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Children's Hospital Boston have discovered that malignant melanoma, the potentially lethal skin cancer, can't grow without a steady supply of a protein that normal cells can do without.

The findings, which are published in the December issue of Cancer Cell, suggest that drugs that cut off melanoma cells' supply of the protein, called CDK2, might curb the growth of the dangerous skin cancer in patients, and with relatively low toxicity.

In theory, such a drug would leave normal cells unharmed and have many fewer side effects compared to standard chemotherapy.

Working with melanoma cells grown in the laboratory, the researchers, led by David E. Fisher, MD, PhD, Director of the Melanoma Program at Dana-Farber and the paper's senior author, showed that adding a chemical that quashed the activity of CDK2, the gene that manufactures CDK2 protein, dramatically slowed the growth and proliferation of the cancer cells. Unlike conventional chemotherapy drugs, a CDK2 inhibitor drug wouldn't be aimed at killing melanoma cells, only halting their growth.

Fisher said that CDK2-inhibiting drugs exist, and he hopes that the research results will soon lead to clinical trials of them in patients with melanoma.

The study's lead author is Jinyan Du, PhD, who carried out the project while working as a student in Fisher's lab at Dana-Farber. Fisher is also a pediatric oncologist at Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Care.

The CDK2 gene and its protein (an enzyme) are one of several regulators of the cell cycle: That is, they help determine when a cell should be "resting" and when it should begin dividing to make more of itself. When cells become malignant, it is in part because their normal controls on growth and division are disabled, and they proliferate abnormally. Overactive CDK2 has been found in many types of cancer, making it a prime candidate for designer drugs that w
'"/>

Contact: Janet Haley Dubow
janet_haley@dfci.harvard.edu
617-632-5665
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
20-Dec-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists replicate hepatitis C virus in laboratory
2. Scientists identify brain regions that decide where we look
3. Scientists uncover new mechanism for the amygdala in fear recognition
4. Scientists discover recipe for life: eating the Polymeal cuts heart disease by 76%
5. Scientists study fish oil diet in bid to cut heart attack risks
6. Scientists discover enzyme crucial to the transportation of proteins within cells
7. Scientists turn on the gender lens on cardiovascular disease research
8. Scientists stalk PPAR-gamma, find novel cancer connection
9. Scientists align billion-year-old protein with embryonic heart defects
10. Scientists pinpoint flaw, offer new promise for stroke treatment
11. Scientists discover enzyme crucial to HIV replication

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... As health professionals work to improve their approach to healthcare, ... doing more than filling out a survey; in many cases health professionals and patients ... health care and research on the importance of active engagement with patients and members ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The ... to promote standards of excellence for the field of eating disorders, announces the ... – 25, 2018 in Orlando, Florida at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office of Somekh & Associates ... special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office remain up to date ... elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel was founded by ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of Somerset Hills ... specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event will raise ... offered by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November 4 (10:00 ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer ... one of the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. ... descriptions that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/25/2017)... 25, 2017   Montrium , an industry ... today—from the IQPC Trial Master Files & Inspection ... that EastHORN Clinical Services has selected eTMF ... TMF management. EastHORN, a leading European contract research ... increase transparency to enable greater collaboration with sponsors, ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... , Sept. 19, 2017 HistoSonics, Inc., a venture-backed medical device company developing ... of targeted tissues, announced three leadership team developments today:   ... ... ... Veteran medical device executive Josh Stopek ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... and NEW YORK , Sept. 12, 2017 ... performance ratings for global supply chains, has published the first annual edition ... CSR performance of more than 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based on ... 2015 and 2016. ... EcoVadis Global CSR Risk & Performance Index ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: