Barbara Risman, North Carolina State University, and Pepper Schwartz, University of Washington, reexamine assumptions as well as data reflecting the alleged end of the sexual revolution among teenagers in the article After the Sexual Revolution: Gender Politics in Teen Dating in Contexts, the newest journal of the American Sociological Association.
Studies show that a smaller proportion of youth between the ages of 15 and 17 are sexually active. Between 1991 and 1997, teenagers reporting having sexual intercourse dropped 5.7 percent, and the teen pregnancy rate was down 14 percent. Risman and Schwartz found that, while the data show declining sexual activity, claims of a sexual conservatism among teens is somewhat exaggerated if not misinterpreted. Several rigorous studies indicate that the number of high school boysbut not girlsunder 18 who remained virgins dramatically increased. Sexual activity of white and Hispanic females has remained generally stable while black females reduced their rates of sexual activity more sharply, moving toward levels comparable to that of white and Hispanic girls. The authors speculate that cultural norms for females have dramatically changed, giving them greater influence or control within a relationship.
Risman and Schwartz believe that there is no counterrevolution, but instead the sexual revolution was such a success that it has revised the framework of how American society thinks about sex. It redefined sexual activity as a right of individuals and not merely as a means for reproduction or even marital intimacy.
Contact: Johanna Ebner
American Sociological Association