Sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, and tuberculosis and the HIV-1/AIDS epidemic in Africa

The effect of HIV-1 on other infectious diseases in Africa is an increasing public health concern. In a review in this week's issue of THE LANCET, Elizabeth Corbett from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, and the Harare Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Zimbabwe, and colleagues describe the role that three major infectious diseases-malaria, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis-have had in the HIV-1 epidemic. The high prevalence of untreated STD infections has been a major factor facilitating the spread of HIV-1 in Africa; with the synergistic interaction between HIV-1 transmission and genital herpes being of especial concern for control of both diseases. Increased susceptibility to tuberculosis after infection with HIV-1 has led to a rising incidence and threat of increased transmission of tuberculosis. Clinical malaria occurs with an increased frequency and severity in HIV-1-infected individuals, especially during pregnancy. As with tuberculosis, STDs, and other communicable HIV-1-associated diseases, the net effect of HIV-1 might include increased rates of malaria transmission across communities.

Elizabeth Corbett comments: "The HIV-1 epidemic in Africa has reached such an extreme magnitude that further major consequences are inevitable, and will include increasing difficulty in controlling other infectious diseases. One of the cruel ironies is that the severity of the African HIV-1 epidemic is in itself a direct reflection of the impoverished and imperfect nature of health care that preceded the epidemic, notably poor control of STDs. Improvements were made in infectious disease control in Africa during the last half of the 20th century, but to a limited extent that left endemic disease and transmission rates well above those of more-developed countries. HIV-1 has now so compounded this situation that it would take a massive scale of interventions to return regional health to pre-epidemic standards. Withou

Contact: Richard Lane

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Sexually active young women often underestimate STD risk
2. Sexually Oriented Internet Sites Are Popular And Non-Problematic For Most People, But Pose Risks For Some
3. Female sex hormones play a vital role in defense against sexually transmitted diseases
4. Immediate access to antibiotics stems spread of sexually transmitted diseases
5. Parents comfortable with vaccination for sexually transmitted infections for adolescent children
6. UCSF receives $21 million NIH contract for sexually transmitted infection research
7. Carnegie Mellon interactive-video DVD helps teens avoid sexually transmitted diseases
8. Antibiotic resistant bacteria frequently transmitted between intensive care patients
9. 4% of HIV+ gay men have recent sexually transmitted infection
10. Lower degrees of social capital predict higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases
11. Researchers find jail-based surveillance screening useful in monitoring HIV and sexually transmitted disease epidemics

Post Your Comments:

(Date:8/31/2020)... ... 2020 , ... Smile Brands Inc., one of the nation’s ... today announced the grand opening of another affiliated Bright Now! Dental office ... hours, a comfortable office, and full-service care at the new Beaumont location. The ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Dr. Chang has over ... autism and other developmental disabilities, as well as supporting staff in caring for ... autism, school consultation, and staff development. She joined the company in 2015 as ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... ... to help treat patients with respiratory conditions, including COVID-19, while reducing the need ... oxygen, but it captures exhaled gas and scrubs it free of carbon dioxide ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... ... Adventist Health on its investment in Synchronous Health, a tech-enabled behavioral health and ... the strength of human empathy with artificial intelligence (AI) to increase access and ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... August 27, 2020 , ... Evolution Labs announced ... provide their students with Suite360:Mental Health and Prevention, a program developed to help ... Child Trafficking Prevention. , Florida schools and districts must provide their students with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/28/2020)... LOS ANGELES (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 ... ... of integrative medicine and aesthetic beauty, bringing a unique perspective and approach. Armed ... Toronto, Dr. Rahi ventured out to share her knowledge of the human body ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... ... right round the corner and the risk of getting caught by influenza is getting higher. ... harbor its effects on us. Already with the sudden outbreak of COVID 19, the mortality ... it has become even more relevant to keep oneself immune from any of disease. CDC ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... 27, 2020 , ... Bridge To A Cure Foundation announces the appointment of ... pediatric neuro-oncologist who serves on the Board of Directors at The Preston Robert Tisch ... School. , Internationally recognized, Dr. Friedman is a widely published author of more than ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: