HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents

New Haven, Conn.--Adolescents who smoke show impairment of memory and other cognitive functions, according to a Yale study in Biological Psychiatry.

More than 4.5 million teenagers smoke cigarettes in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and the U.S. Census Bureau.

Leslie Jacobsen, M.D., associate professor of psychiatry and pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine, and her research team tested working memory. This form of memory is used when keeping information in mind and manipulating it. They also evaluated verbal learning and memory, attention, mood, symptoms of nicotine withdrawal and tobacco cravings in 41 adolescent daily smokers and 32 nonsmokers. The groups were similar in age, gender and education.

"Adolescent smokers were found to have impairments in accuracy of working memory performance," Jacobsen said. Other studies show adult non-smokers and smokers have comparable focused, sustained and selective attention, and improved working memory, suggesting enhancement of performance by nicotine.

Male adolescents as a group begin smoking at an earlier age than female smokers and were significantly more impaired during tests of selective and divided attention, she said. All of the adolescent smokers also showed further disruption of working memory when they stopped smoking.

"These findings underscore the importance of efforts aimed at preventing smoking initiation in adolescents. They also show adolescents who are trying to quit smoking may need additional educational support," Jacobsen said.


'"/>

Contact: Jacqueline Weaver
jacqueline.weaver@yale.edu
203-432-8555
Yale University
1-Feb-2005


Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking hurts wealth as well as health, study suggests
2. Smoking not linked to hearing loss
3. Smoking triggers early onset of pancreatic cancer
4. Smoking cessation can improve survival among patients with severe COPD
5. Smoking increases risk of colon polyps
6. Smoking affects same feel good brain chemical system as heroin
7. Smoking and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
8. Smoking increases papillomavirus risk in HIV-infected women
9. Smoking linked to more than 60 percent of overall cancer death burden in black men
10. Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
11. Smoking linked to blindness

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... , ... Just found out your dear friend has cancer? , It’s hard to hear your ... shares their diagnosis. Once the shock wears off, the questions and fears can be overwhelming. ... best ways to help? Words are failing me. I’m scared. I want to DO something. ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Colorado State University Global (CSU ... affordable online education – is proud to announce its new master’s degree in ... its kind in the nation, the 60-credit hour program is designed to provide ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... In an effort to give back to ... 10 percent of each hotel room booked with a special new rate code to ... Indiana (RMHC-CNI) , effective immediately. Donations will be applied to any room type, ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY US) ... Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, the ... growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform our ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Integrated ... Miami is the first Florida school to deploy its breakthrough Mobile Biodefense Indoor Air ... airborne COVID-19. True North Classical Academy plans to fully reopen equipped with the filtration ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... While coronavirus cases continue to increase across ... and community organizations remain closed. Because about 80% of blood donations are made at ... blood donors and blood drive hosts to ensure blood products are readily available for ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 31, 2020 , ... If you live in New York City ... real estate part makes sense, it’s the law of supply and demand, but are plastic ... has a significant percentage of their patients that make the four-hour trip to have ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... reproductive and endoscopic surgeon and serves as a clinical professor in the Department of ... of the American Laparoscopy Society & Pacific Coast Reproductive Society and is a Clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: