HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents

New Haven, Conn.--Adolescents who smoke show impairment of memory and other cognitive functions, according to a Yale study in Biological Psychiatry.

More than 4.5 million teenagers smoke cigarettes in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and the U.S. Census Bureau.

Leslie Jacobsen, M.D., associate professor of psychiatry and pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine, and her research team tested working memory. This form of memory is used when keeping information in mind and manipulating it. They also evaluated verbal learning and memory, attention, mood, symptoms of nicotine withdrawal and tobacco cravings in 41 adolescent daily smokers and 32 nonsmokers. The groups were similar in age, gender and education.

"Adolescent smokers were found to have impairments in accuracy of working memory performance," Jacobsen said. Other studies show adult non-smokers and smokers have comparable focused, sustained and selective attention, and improved working memory, suggesting enhancement of performance by nicotine.

Male adolescents as a group begin smoking at an earlier age than female smokers and were significantly more impaired during tests of selective and divided attention, she said. All of the adolescent smokers also showed further disruption of working memory when they stopped smoking.

"These findings underscore the importance of efforts aimed at preventing smoking initiation in adolescents. They also show adolescents who are trying to quit smoking may need additional educational support," Jacobsen said.


'"/>

Contact: Jacqueline Weaver
jacqueline.weaver@yale.edu
203-432-8555
Yale University
1-Feb-2005


Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking hurts wealth as well as health, study suggests
2. Smoking not linked to hearing loss
3. Smoking triggers early onset of pancreatic cancer
4. Smoking cessation can improve survival among patients with severe COPD
5. Smoking increases risk of colon polyps
6. Smoking affects same feel good brain chemical system as heroin
7. Smoking and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
8. Smoking increases papillomavirus risk in HIV-infected women
9. Smoking linked to more than 60 percent of overall cancer death burden in black men
10. Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
11. Smoking linked to blindness

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/3/2018)... ... August 03, 2018 , ... ... 2001. Gerry Newlove first started the Firstaid4sport business in the 1990's and his ... remains one of the leading providers in the UK of sports medicine products, ...
(Date:8/3/2018)... ... ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh, has written a ... only to be understood in this current generation. Yisrayl says he has spent his ... he says scholars have struggled with for generations. Yisrayl says the meanings that he ...
(Date:8/2/2018)... , ... August 02, 2018 , ... Dr. Srini ... and brain biology of why some people could care less, demonstrating a “whatever” attitude ... there are many reasons for this, one often overlooked reason relates to being overworked. ...
(Date:8/2/2018)... ... August 02, 2018 , ... ... premium Resona 7 Ultrasound system with unique new upgrades at the Society of ... Based on ZONE Sonography® Technology (ZST), the upgrades include a unique arterial stiffness ...
(Date:8/2/2018)... STAMFORD, Conn. (PRWEB) , ... August 02, 2018 ... ... (TGA) to its prestigious Top 20 Training Delivery Companies of 2018 ... , “Our mission is to empower training industry professionals with the game-based tools ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/2/2018)... Md. (PRWEB) , ... August 02, 2018 , ... ... may have concerns about their child’s ability to communicate. These may include concerns ... treatment in schools by a speech-language pathologist. Here’s what parents should ...
(Date:8/2/2018)... ... 2018 , ... Shady Grove Fertility (SGF), a ... into Florida with the opening of a location in Tampa through ... health care throughout Central Florida. This is SGF’s first location in the Sunshine ...
(Date:8/2/2018)... ... ... Fitness Machine Technicians, specialists in the maintenance and repair of exercise equipment for ... Charlotte area. The business will be lead by Cornelius, NC resident Todd Armstrong. ... fitness is a big business – residents like me rely on fitness centers and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: