HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Smoking increases papillomavirus risk in HIV-infected women

Women with HIV infection who smoke are more likely than women not infected with HIV to acquire and have prevalent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. Given the clear link between persistent infection with certain HPV types and cervical cancer, the findings may help to explain why women who are smokers or HIV-infected are at risk for this tumor. They also underscore the importance of smoking cessation in women's health.

The study, reported by Howard Minkoff and coworkers at SUNY Downstate and other centers, involved 1,797 HIV-infected and 496 uninfected women whose smoking and HPV status was monitored at six-month intervals from 1994 to 1998. Smoking status was determined in interviews, HPV status by cervicovaginal lavage for HPV DNA testing. Other factors studied included age, T cell subset concentrations, anti-HIV drug regimen use, HIV RNA levels, oral contraceptive use, and sexual activity.

The investigators found that, regardless of smoking status, HIV-infected women were 3.9 times more likely than women not infected with HIV to have HPV infection at the outset of the study. When smoking was factored into the analysis, heightened HPV risk at the outset was seen only in HIV-infected women. HIV-infected women were also 3.13 times more likely to acquire HPV infection during the study, and smoking significantly increased HPV risk in such women. Finally, both HIV-infected subjects and those who smoked were significantly more likely than their uninfected or nonsmoking counterparts to acquire persistent HPV infection (defined as occurring during the study and present at two consecutive visits).

Noting that persistent HPV infections have been shown to increase the risk of cervical cancer, Minkoff and coworkers commented that smoking and HIV infection may each alter the natural history of HPV infection to heighten tumor risk, an
'"/>

Contact: Jeff Minerd
jminerd@idsociety.org
703-299-0200
Infectious Diseases Society of America
29-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking hurts wealth as well as health, study suggests
2. Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents
3. Smoking not linked to hearing loss
4. Smoking triggers early onset of pancreatic cancer
5. Smoking cessation can improve survival among patients with severe COPD
6. Smoking increases risk of colon polyps
7. Smoking affects same feel good brain chemical system as heroin
8. Smoking and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
9. Smoking linked to more than 60 percent of overall cancer death burden in black men
10. Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
11. Smoking linked to blindness

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... ... , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a possible ... often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a human ... but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten out of control. ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of ... award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , ... Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. Prone ... physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. “If ... at my other children and say he was going to kill them. If we ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and ... that call for a minimum wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and then ... will restore the lost value of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does not ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Strategic ... Frederick area economy by obtaining investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP ... that have already resulted in more than a million dollars of capital investment ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Global Blood Therapeutics, Inc. (GBT) (NASDAQ: ... novel therapeutics for the treatment of grievous blood-based ... closing of its previously announced underwritten public offering ... public offering price of $18.75 per share. All ... by GBT. GBT estimates net proceeds from the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced ... Applications, Technologies, Forecasts" report to their offering. ... Smart Skin, Structural Health Monitoring, Composite Smart Structures, ... involves electronic and/or electrical components and circuits that ... such as vehicle bodies or conformally placed upon ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Mass. and SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. , ... California -based mobile pulmonary function testing company, is now able ... PFT devices developed by ndd Medical Technologies , Inc. ... testing done in hospital-based labs.  Thanks to ndd,s EasyOne PRO ® ... , can get any needed testing done in the comfort ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: