HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Smoking increases papillomavirus risk in HIV-infected women

Women with HIV infection who smoke are more likely than women not infected with HIV to acquire and have prevalent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. Given the clear link between persistent infection with certain HPV types and cervical cancer, the findings may help to explain why women who are smokers or HIV-infected are at risk for this tumor. They also underscore the importance of smoking cessation in women's health.

The study, reported by Howard Minkoff and coworkers at SUNY Downstate and other centers, involved 1,797 HIV-infected and 496 uninfected women whose smoking and HPV status was monitored at six-month intervals from 1994 to 1998. Smoking status was determined in interviews, HPV status by cervicovaginal lavage for HPV DNA testing. Other factors studied included age, T cell subset concentrations, anti-HIV drug regimen use, HIV RNA levels, oral contraceptive use, and sexual activity.

The investigators found that, regardless of smoking status, HIV-infected women were 3.9 times more likely than women not infected with HIV to have HPV infection at the outset of the study. When smoking was factored into the analysis, heightened HPV risk at the outset was seen only in HIV-infected women. HIV-infected women were also 3.13 times more likely to acquire HPV infection during the study, and smoking significantly increased HPV risk in such women. Finally, both HIV-infected subjects and those who smoked were significantly more likely than their uninfected or nonsmoking counterparts to acquire persistent HPV infection (defined as occurring during the study and present at two consecutive visits).

Noting that persistent HPV infections have been shown to increase the risk of cervical cancer, Minkoff and coworkers commented that smoking and HIV infection may each alter the natural history of HPV infection to heighten tumor risk, an
'"/>

Contact: Jeff Minerd
jminerd@idsociety.org
703-299-0200
Infectious Diseases Society of America
29-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Smoking hurts wealth as well as health, study suggests
2. Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents
3. Smoking not linked to hearing loss
4. Smoking triggers early onset of pancreatic cancer
5. Smoking cessation can improve survival among patients with severe COPD
6. Smoking increases risk of colon polyps
7. Smoking affects same feel good brain chemical system as heroin
8. Smoking and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
9. Smoking linked to more than 60 percent of overall cancer death burden in black men
10. Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
11. Smoking linked to blindness

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey (BCBSNJ) announced ... its outlook as “stable.” At the same time, the ratings agency cautioned that the ... dip below “capital adequacy” thresholds required for its strong rating. , “Horizon is committed ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Date aired: April 24h, 2017 ... everywhere and they’re here to stay,” said Sharon Kleyne on her nationally syndicated ... on Voice America sponsored by Nature’s Tears® EyeMist®. So she was thrilled to ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... Patel M.D. has joined the revolutionary endoscopic practice under Dr. Datta. Patel is ... Interventional Pain Medicine. The patented, revolutionary eDiscSculpt Technique created and used by Datta ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... (UCAOA) and College of Urgent Care Medicine will host industry leaders for the ... speakers will help those in the industry adapt to the issues currently affecting ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Bill Howe started his ... the coastal communities. After Tina Howe joined the team, the Bill Howe brand was ... services at affordable rates, and giving back to the San Diego community in which ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... April 26, 2017 Phoenix Marketing Solutions ( ... of fulfilling its mission of transforming science into clinical practice. ... Phoenix,s innovative approach supports the life ... the latest advances in science and medicine — which ultimately ... was founded in 2002 by Tracy Doyle and ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017  Cogentix Medical, Inc. (NASDAQ: CGNT), ... the Urology, Uro/Gyn and Gynecology markets with innovative ... has joined the Company as Senior Vice President, ... position, Mr. Keswani will report directly to ... "Our organization is delighted that Ash has joined ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... DUBLIN , April 20, 2017 Research ... Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding Injectables Market and ... to their offering. ... market for drug delivery technologies will rise from USD 20 Billion ... Global Drug Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: