The body mass index (BMI) of individuals who drink alcohol may be related to how much, and how often, they drink, according to a new study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health's National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). In an analysis of data collected from more than 37,000 people who had never smoked, researchers found that BMI was associated with the number of drinks individuals consumed on the days they drank. Calculated as an individual's weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, BMI measures whether or not a person is at a healthy weight low BMI values generally indicate leanness and higher BMI values indicate being overweight.
"In our study, men and women who drank the smallest quantity of alcohol one drink per drinking day with the greatest frequency three to seven days per week had the lowest BMI's," said first author Rosalind A. Breslow, Ph.D., "while those who infrequently consumed the greatest quantity had the highest BMIs." A report of the study by Dr. Breslow, an epidemiologist in NIAAA's Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research and colleague Barbara A. Smothers, Ph.D., appears in the February 15, 2005, issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology.
"This is an important issue," said NIAAA Director Ting-Kai Li, M.D. "Obesity is prevalent in the United States and is a risk factor for numerous chronic illnesses and early death. Since alcohol use also is prevalent in this country, it is important to examine the relationship of quantity and frequency of consumption to body weight."
The researchers examined data collected from 1997 through 2001 in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a nationally representative survey of the U.S. population conducted each year by the National Center for Health Statistics. Drs. Breslow and Smothers compared survey respondents' alcohol drinking patterns with their BMI scores. Since previous studies have shown that smoking and dPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
Contact: John Bowersox
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
. Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management2
. Study shows promise in identifying kidney failure3
. Study shows patch therapy may be as effective as oral medications4
. Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches5
. Study finds that coordinating care of chronically ill patients does not increase liability6
. Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide7
. Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals8
. Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children9
. Study shows use of budesonide reduced the risk of asthma related events by 40% in children10
. Study shows risk of cardiac death after radiation for breast cancer has dramatically decreased11
. Study shows acrylamide in baked and fried food does not increase risk of breast cancer in women