HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study examines effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and influence of home environment on IQ scores

A study in the May 26 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) suggests that prenatal cocaine exposure was not associated with lower full scale IQ scores, or verbal or performance IQ scores at age 4 years. However, the study also found that prenatal cocaine exposure was associated with specific cognitive impairments and a lower likelihood of an above average IQ, but that home environments could make a difference for better outcomes for some children.

"Cocaine readily crosses the placental and fetal brain barriers and has a direct effect on the developing fetal brain " the authors provide as background information in the article. The authors add that "a number of methodologically sound studies have found a relationship between fetal cocaine exposure and negative child developmental outcomes in the first years of life, although others have not."

In this study, Lynn T. Singer, Ph.D., from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, and colleagues assessed the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and the quality of the caregiving environment on cognitive outcomes. The participants included 376 children (190 cocaine-exposed and 186 non-exposed) from a high-risk population who were enrolled in a longitudinal study from birth (September 1994 June 1996). They were screened for drug exposure as infants, assessed at 6, 12 and 24 months of age and then tested at 4 years old for cognitive developments.

The researchers found that prenatal cocaine exposure was not related to lower full-scale IQ scores (cocaine exposed 80.7 vs. nonexposed 82.9), summary verbal (cocaine exposed 79.9 vs. nonexposed 81.9) or performance IQ measures (cocaine exposed 85.5 vs. nonexposed 87.5) at age 4 years. "However, there were specific effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on several subscales, with cocaine-exposed children having lower information, arithmetic, and object assembly scores than nonexposed children," the researchers report. "Prenata
'"/>

Contact: George Stamatis
216-368-3635
JAMA and Archives Journals
25-May-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management
2. Study shows promise in identifying kidney failure
3. Study shows patch therapy may be as effective as oral medications
4. Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches
5. Study finds that coordinating care of chronically ill patients does not increase liability
6. Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide
7. Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals
8. Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children
9. Study shows use of budesonide reduced the risk of asthma related events by 40% in children
10. Study shows risk of cardiac death after radiation for breast cancer has dramatically decreased
11. Study shows acrylamide in baked and fried food does not increase risk of breast cancer in women

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/30/2014)... (PRWEB) October 30, 2014 Timothy, ... to Pompano Beach firefighters, showing that you are never ... , Timothy met firefighters Tracey and Carl at the ... Restaurant and the Pompano Beach Chamber of Commerce. Tracey ... fire truck, letting Timothy wear his real fireman’s hat, ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Calif. (PRWEB) October 30, 2014 ... mutually exclusive concepts in the medical-grade skin care ... the development of uniquely potent topical dermatological products, ... System ( http://www.RefinitySkinScience.com ) with patented COSMEDERM®-7 anti-irritant ... glycolic acid concentrations (50% and 70%) and a ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Paramount Rx, a full-service prescription benefits manager ... help people save money through its innovative discount card ... drugs in the new health care system, the Paramount ... the relationship between consumers, businesses and the pharmacy industry. ... face today with medical costs is the rising price ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Tara Haelle HealthDay Reporter ... than 100 genes have been identified that appear linked ... And researchers say they are on their way to ... to the disorder. Autism spectrum disorders include a ... difficulties and repetitive behaviors. An estimated one in 68 ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014 Dr. Joseph Furlin MD, a certified ... his practices; OB GYN in Melrose Park, IL ... website contains important information about each of the care services ... patient forms in English and Spanish. The navigation of ... on the website provide Dr. Furlin’s patients with important information ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:4-year-old InstaKNOT CEO Honors Local Firefighters with Community Support 2Health News:4-year-old InstaKNOT CEO Honors Local Firefighters with Community Support 3Health News:4-year-old InstaKNOT CEO Honors Local Firefighters with Community Support 4Health News:Cosmederm Redefines Peel Science Standard with Launch of Refinity® Skin Health System 2Health News:Cosmederm Redefines Peel Science Standard with Launch of Refinity® Skin Health System 3Health News:Cosmederm Redefines Peel Science Standard with Launch of Refinity® Skin Health System 4Health News:Paramount Rx Discount Card Program Provides Valuable Resources in Midst of Current Health Care Reform 2Health News:Paramount Rx Discount Card Program Provides Valuable Resources in Midst of Current Health Care Reform 3Health News:Discovery of 100-Plus Genes Tied to Autism May Improve Treatments 2Health News:Discovery of 100-Plus Genes Tied to Autism May Improve Treatments 3Health News:Dr. Joseph Furlin Launches New Website with Information about Care Services 2
(Date:10/30/2014)... , Oct. 30, 2014   ViaDerma, ... devoted to bringing new products to market, has ... called TetraStem. TetraStem is a topical liquid tetracycline-based ... system that can convert oral medication active ingredients ... as a first aid antibiotic to help prevent ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014 China Biologic Products, Inc. (NASDAQ: CBPO, ... plasma-based biopharmaceutical company in China , ... quarter 2014 financial results on Wednesday, November 5, 2014 ... management will hold a conference call at 7:30 a.m. ... 8:30 p.m., Beijing Time on November 6, 2014, to ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... MADRID , October 30, 2014 ... hidrolizada con probiótico LGG contribuye a adquirir tolerancia ... La alergia a la proteína de la leche ... lactantes y primera infancia. Hasta ahora, la APLV ... dieta. Recientemente, se ha demostrado que es posible ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:ViaDerma, Inc. Lead Product TetraStem Shown Effective in Fighting Staph Infections including MRSA 2ViaDerma, Inc. Lead Product TetraStem Shown Effective in Fighting Staph Infections including MRSA 3China Biologic to Report Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 2Según expertos reunidos en el Simposio Allergy Day 2Según expertos reunidos en el Simposio Allergy Day 3
Cached News: