HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study examines effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and influence of home environment on IQ scores

A study in the May 26 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) suggests that prenatal cocaine exposure was not associated with lower full scale IQ scores, or verbal or performance IQ scores at age 4 years. However, the study also found that prenatal cocaine exposure was associated with specific cognitive impairments and a lower likelihood of an above average IQ, but that home environments could make a difference for better outcomes for some children.

"Cocaine readily crosses the placental and fetal brain barriers and has a direct effect on the developing fetal brain " the authors provide as background information in the article. The authors add that "a number of methodologically sound studies have found a relationship between fetal cocaine exposure and negative child developmental outcomes in the first years of life, although others have not."

In this study, Lynn T. Singer, Ph.D., from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, and colleagues assessed the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure and the quality of the caregiving environment on cognitive outcomes. The participants included 376 children (190 cocaine-exposed and 186 non-exposed) from a high-risk population who were enrolled in a longitudinal study from birth (September 1994 June 1996). They were screened for drug exposure as infants, assessed at 6, 12 and 24 months of age and then tested at 4 years old for cognitive developments.

The researchers found that prenatal cocaine exposure was not related to lower full-scale IQ scores (cocaine exposed 80.7 vs. nonexposed 82.9), summary verbal (cocaine exposed 79.9 vs. nonexposed 81.9) or performance IQ measures (cocaine exposed 85.5 vs. nonexposed 87.5) at age 4 years. "However, there were specific effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on several subscales, with cocaine-exposed children having lower information, arithmetic, and object assembly scores than nonexposed children," the researchers report. "Prenata
'"/>

Contact: George Stamatis
216-368-3635
JAMA and Archives Journals
25-May-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management
2. Study shows promise in identifying kidney failure
3. Study shows patch therapy may be as effective as oral medications
4. Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches
5. Study finds that coordinating care of chronically ill patients does not increase liability
6. Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide
7. Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals
8. Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children
9. Study shows use of budesonide reduced the risk of asthma related events by 40% in children
10. Study shows risk of cardiac death after radiation for breast cancer has dramatically decreased
11. Study shows acrylamide in baked and fried food does not increase risk of breast cancer in women

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... , ... Thriveology Founders, Dr. Carly Letzt Carney and Dr. Mark Carney announced ... Denver, Colorado on Saturday, August 29, 2015 at the Marriott DTC, 4900 S. Syracuse ... authorities, and will present a two part seminar entitled, “How to Thrive as You ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Allegheny General Hospital (AGH), part of the ... in the United States to receive international recognition for an advanced, innovative program ... Support Organization (ELSO) , an international consortium of healthcare institutions dedicated to the ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... ... the exploding legal marijuana industry with the launch of its Doobster platform, a ... marijuana to order products from their smart phones and tablets. Well, Doobster, ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... On May 30th, 2015, at the Adams County ... of the “Music With A Mission” benefit concert. For the past two years, “Music ... the underfunded school districts of Mendon and neighboring town, Quincy, IL. Organized in part ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... About 10 percent of mothers experienced ... Coast, killing more than 1,800 people, displacing hundreds of thousands and causing widespread ... study. , While most people don’t develop persistent depression after a major disaster ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Internationally-renowned Naturopathic Doctor and Chiropractor Team up to Reveal Secrets of Avoiding Disease 2Health News:International Organization Honors Allegheny General Hospital's Advanced Lifesaving Program for Cardiac and Respiratory Failure 2Health News:International Organization Honors Allegheny General Hospital's Advanced Lifesaving Program for Cardiac and Respiratory Failure 3Health News:International Organization Honors Allegheny General Hospital's Advanced Lifesaving Program for Cardiac and Respiratory Failure 4Health News:Doobster Launches a Nationwide, Comprehensive On-Demand Medical Marijuana App 2Health News:Doobster Launches a Nationwide, Comprehensive On-Demand Medical Marijuana App 3Health News:Doobster Launches a Nationwide, Comprehensive On-Demand Medical Marijuana App 4Health News:Doobster Launches a Nationwide, Comprehensive On-Demand Medical Marijuana App 5Health News:Best Drug Rehabilitation Interviews Madd Hoss Jackson at the 2015 "Music With A Mission" Benefit Concert 2Health News:About 10 Percent of Mothers Experienced Depression Two Years After Hurricane Katrina, New Study Shows 2
(Date:8/27/2015)... Calif. , Aug. 27, 2015 ... milestone in the commercial development of the company,s ... The Smart Oxygen device, being developed by ieCrowd,s ... to a patient,s changing demand for oxygen based ... the 510 (k) submission for the Smart Oxygen ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... August 27, 2015 According to a new ... Toilet, Seating, Universal, Standing, Bariatric ), Material (Nylon, Padded, Canvas), Usage ... 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the Medical Lifting Sling Market is poised ... in 2015, at a CAGR of 11.4 % from 2015 to ... ma rket data T ables and 65 ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... INDIANAPOLIS , Aug. 27, 2015  Eli Lilly ... Morgan Stanley Global Healthcare Conference on Thursday, September 17, ... and president of Lilly Oncology and Richard Gaynor ... medical affairs for Lilly Oncology, will participate in a ... A live audio webcast will be available ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Smart Oxygen Solutions' Supplemental Oxygen Delivery Device Achieves FDA Regulatory Pathway Milestone 2Smart Oxygen Solutions' Supplemental Oxygen Delivery Device Achieves FDA Regulatory Pathway Milestone 3Smart Oxygen Solutions' Supplemental Oxygen Delivery Device Achieves FDA Regulatory Pathway Milestone 4Medical Lifting Sling Market Worth USD 706.0 Million by 2020 2Medical Lifting Sling Market Worth USD 706.0 Million by 2020 3Medical Lifting Sling Market Worth USD 706.0 Million by 2020 4Lilly to Participate in Morgan Stanley Global Healthcare Conference 2
Cached News: