HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study links racial and ethnic gap in youth violence to social factors

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - Racial and ethnic disparities in youths' violent behavior can be largely explained by three factors - the types of neighborhoods where young people live, the marital status of their parents, and whether they are first- or second-generation immigrants - according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

The study, conducted by Robert J. Sampson of Harvard University and Jeffrey D. Morenoff and Stephen Raudenbush of the University of Michigan, shows that the longstanding gap in the racial burden of violence follows a social anatomy and is not immutable.

The odds of committing violence are almost double for blacks as compared to whites and homicide is consistently ranked as the leading cause of death among young black men.

"The study shows that this disparity is largely social in nature and therefore amenable to intervention in community rather than individual settings," says Sampson, the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences in Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences and lead author of the study, which was funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the National Institute of Justice and the National Institute of Mental Health.

Popular explanations of the racial gap in violence - "constitutional" differences in IQ test scores and impulsivity or hyperactivity - accounted for only 6 percent of the racial and ethnic disparities in violent behavior, the researchers found, while family poverty accounted for none of the gap.

In contrast, approximately 60 percent of the difference was explained by neighborhood environment, parents' marital status and immigrant status. Latinos are less likely than whites to engage in violent behavior, and contrary to popular stereotypes, first- and second-generation immigrants and neighborhoods that are immigrant enclaves exhibit lower than average violence.

For the study, which was designed to simultan
'"/>

Contact: Steve Bradt
steve_bradt@harvard.edu
617-496-8070
Harvard University
25-Jan-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management
2. Study shows promise in identifying kidney failure
3. Study shows patch therapy may be as effective as oral medications
4. Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches
5. Study finds that coordinating care of chronically ill patients does not increase liability
6. Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide
7. Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals
8. Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children
9. Study shows use of budesonide reduced the risk of asthma related events by 40% in children
10. Study shows risk of cardiac death after radiation for breast cancer has dramatically decreased
11. Study shows acrylamide in baked and fried food does not increase risk of breast cancer in women

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Genesis Chiropractic ... announced today the launch of its integrated, HIPAA compliant, telehealth solution, available to ... practice in under 90 seconds. , According to the U.S. Department of ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... The pandemic and topsy-turvy economic outlook continues to put financial strain ... for ways to trim the fat from our monthly expenses and put more into savings, ... important that you have a financial safety net in place in case something were to ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Dr. ... with persons with autism and other developmental disabilities, as well as supporting staff ... education, adolescents with autism, school consultation, and staff development. She joined the company ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... Ernst & Young LLP (EY ... Entrepreneur Of The Year® 2020 Florida Award finalist. Now in its 34th year, ... innovation, growth and prosperity as they build and sustain successful businesses that transform ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... GROVE, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2020 ... ... COVID-19, The Nourished Group set out to continue helping the specialty-diet ... attendees can discover new gluten-free products, get coupons, enter giveaways, chat with brands ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... Dr. ... bringing a unique perspective and approach. Armed with her qualifications from Ross University ... share her knowledge of the human body with the nation and world. With ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... August 27, 2020 , ... Austin Oral Surgery – an oral ... announce Dr. David Szalay, DDS, MD, has joined the practice. An accomplished oral and ... Pflugerville office, which is scheduled to open this fall. The new office is slated ...
(Date:8/27/2020)... ... August 27, 2020 , ... Bleep LLC, maker of the DreamPort mask-less CPAP ... the company’s new spokesperson. , “In my line of work, a good night of ... Bleep DreamPort it was a Bleeping no brainer for me,” said Jensen. “From the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: