HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Study looks at events that lead to disability among the elderly

Illnesses and injuries leading to either hospitalization or restricted activity are strongly associated with the development of disability for older persons living in the community, regardless of their physical condition, according to a study in the November 3 issue of JAMA.

The authors provide as background information that while the prevalence of disability is decreasing, there are currently more than 7 million chronically disabled individuals aged 65 years or older in the United States. "Disability is associated with increased mortality and leads to additional adverse outcomes, such as nursing home placement and greater use of formal and informal home services, all of which place a substantial burden on older persons, informal caregivers, and health care resources. In the aggregate, the additional cost of medical and long-term care for newly disabled U.S. elderly individuals is estimated to be $26 billion per year."

Thomas M. Gill, M.D., and colleagues from Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., assessed 754 people aged 70 years or older, who were not disabled (not requiring personal assistance) in four essential activities of daily living: bathing, dressing, walking inside the house, and transferring from a chair. Participants were categorized into 2 groups according to the presence of physical frailty and were followed up with monthly telephone interviews for up to 5 years to determine exposure to intervening events (illnesses or injuries) and the occurrence of disability.

"During the 5-year follow-up period, disability developed among 417 (55.3 percent) participants, 372 (49.3 percent) were hospitalized and 600 (79.6 percent) had at least one episode of restricted activity," the authors found. " participants who developed disability were significantly more likely to have been hospitalized or to have had restricted activity than those who did not develop disability."

"In absolute terms, illn
'"/>

Contact: Karen Peart
203-432-1326
JAMA and Archives Journals
2-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management
2. Study shows promise in identifying kidney failure
3. Study shows patch therapy may be as effective as oral medications
4. Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches
5. Study finds that coordinating care of chronically ill patients does not increase liability
6. Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide
7. Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals
8. Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children
9. Study shows use of budesonide reduced the risk of asthma related events by 40% in children
10. Study shows risk of cardiac death after radiation for breast cancer has dramatically decreased
11. Study shows acrylamide in baked and fried food does not increase risk of breast cancer in women

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Want to get moving, break up your routine, ... (CPARF) is thrilled to launch its fourth annual STEPtember campaign in the United States ... meets everyone wherever they are at this moment — encouraging people to move in ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... 2020 , ... The pandemic and topsy-turvy economic outlook continues to put financial strain on many ... to trim the fat from our monthly expenses and put more into savings, if possible. ... you have a financial safety net in place in case something were to happen to ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... NEW HAVEN, Conn. (PRWEB) , ... August 31, ... ... a medical device intended to improve outcomes for patients with advanced heart failure, ... Innovation Research (SBIR) grant in the amount of $555,358 from the National Heart, ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... The 15 scholarships ... Lighthouse Health & Wellness mobile app and web-portal. NCPCV received a 2020 grant ... awards grants each year to organizations, such as Destination Imagination, which support and ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... August 28, 2020 , ... A July 27 ... obese individuals are at an increased risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms. The ... COVID-19; however, because the same organ systems that the coronavirus attacks are already ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2020)... ... September 01, 2020 , ... September is National Ovarian ... for more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. The ... ovarian cancer and about 14,000 women will die from this disease. Throughout the ...
(Date:8/31/2020)... ... August 31, 2020 , ... Continuing on its rapid ... sanitization, disinfection and deodorization provider - is proud to announce it has opened ... for businesses and residents throughout the area. , Germinator provides a 100% safe ...
(Date:8/28/2020)... ... 2020 , ... Dr. Mark Surrey has been in practice for over ... clinical professor in the Department of OBGYN at UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine. ... Reproductive Society and is a Clinical Director of Fellowship Training for UCLA & Cedars ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: