HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Surprising results for Ugandan HIV intervention trial

Results of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET show how interventions to promote safer sex and the control of sexually transmitted diseases did not reduce the incidence of HIV infection in an area of rural Uganda.

Treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and behavioural interventions are the main methods to prevent HIV in developing countries. Anatoli Kamali from the Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda and colleagues assessed the effect of behaviour change and STI management on the incidence of HIV-1 and other STIs in Uganda.

All adults living in 18 communities in rural Uganda were randomly allocated into three groups: the first group received behavioural interventions alone (promotion of safer sex behaviour); the second group received both behavioural and STI interventions; the third was a control group where individuals received routine government health services and community development activities.

Follow-up took place after three and a half to four years. Only condom use with last casual partner increased significantly more in the two intervention groups compared with the control group. Despite significant reductions in acute syphilis, gonorrhoea, and unprotected casual sex in the combined intervention group, there was no effect on HIV incidence attributable to either intervention. The investigators comment that more effective STI and behavioural interventions need to be developed for HIV control in mature epidemics in countries like Uganda.

Judith Stephenson and Frances Cowan from the Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK, observe in an accompanying Commentary (p 633) that the timing of the study could partly explain the surprising results; the fact that the overall HIV incidence is falling in Uganda suggests that the study could have been underpowered to detect substantial differences in HIV incidence between the intervention and control groups. They conclude: "What does this tria
'"/>

Contact: Joe Santangelo
j.santangelo@elsevier.com
212-633-3810
Lancet
20-Feb-2003


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Surprising findings on Medicaid kids and the ER
2. New studies show mixed results on epilepsy drugs and birth defects
3. Study of obese diabetics explains why low-carb diets produce fast results
4. Sharing clinical trial results with participants may be beneficial
5. Emergency clopidogrel could save thousands of lives46,000-patient heart attack trial results
6. Similar results found in both older and younger patients undergoing weight-loss surgery
7. OHSU researcher says FDA could broaden access to results of clinical drug trials
8. Kinder, gentler procedure gives superior results for stem cell transplants
9. Good results with only one egg in in-vitro fertilization
10. Holiday feasting could sabotage liposuction results
11. Early results shed light on lung cancer screening advance

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial ... Plant City Observer , brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the ... closing for fumigation is not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a ... Magna Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at ... returned to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits of moderation, whether it’s a matter of ... too high can result in disappointment, perhaps even self-loathing. However, those who set the ... Research from PsychTests.com reveals that behind the tendency to set low expectations ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle ... chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of ... Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 ... by their peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of ... honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... N.C. , June 24, 2016  Consumers ... decisions and regulators/payers have placed more emphasis on ... environment, patient support programs in the pharmaceutical industry ... patients, medications. Consequently, pharmaceutical companies are focusing on ... they are providing products and services that improve ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 ... of the "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, Technologies, ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart Skin, ... Photovoltaics Structural electronics involves electronic ... load-bearing, protective structures, replacing dumb structures such as ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 According ... by Type (Standard Pen Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle ... GLP-1, Growth Hormone), Mode of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - ... This report studies the market for the forecast period ... reach USD 2.81 Billion by 2021 from USD 1.65 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: