The Whole Truth From Five-Year-Olds

ompetency tasks. Ranging from 4 to 7 years old, all of the children - who had allegedly been maltreated - had been removed from their parents.

While the child development literature is rife with studies about children's understanding of truth and lies, nobody had ever examined the understanding of these concepts among maltreated children - much less the children who end up in dependency court. Neither had anybody ever looked at approaches to determining competency being used by actual attorneys.

Despite serious delays in language development, most of the 5-year-olds in the study, correctly identified truthful statements and lies as such and recognized that lying is bad and would make authority figures mad.

"It's not unusual for defense attorneys to demand competency tests for children as old as 10, and a recent poll found that judges believe that 7 is the youngest age at which most children are competent," Lyon says. "Our findings clearly show that children can be trusted much earlier than commonly thought to understand what they're promising when they swear to tell the truth in a court of law."

Of the children in the study who clearly exhibited an understanding of the difference between the truth and lie, 69% failed adequately to explain the difference between the concepts, and 61% failed to adequately define either telling the truth or telling a lie.

"This means conventional approaches to evaluating children as witnesses in abuse and neglect cases may be needlessly disqualifying up to 70% of children," Lyon says.

In fact, very few children younger than 7 (8% of 4-year-olds to 17% of 6-year-olds) were able to provide a minimally sufficient description of the difference between truth and lies, and only about half (46%) of the 7-year-olds were able to do so.

"We expected to find that children perform better on an identification task than on tasks that involve defining words or explaining the difference between concepts, but we were reall

Contact: Meg Sullivan
University of Southern California

Page: 1 2 3 4 5

Related medicine news :

1. Whole-body CT screening costs overshadow benefits
2. Whole blood may do more harm than good in pediatric heart surgeries
3. Whole-body CT screening for GI disease may not be effective
4. Whole-body PET/CT scan appears useful for determining tumor stage
5. Whole tomato powder effective in preventing prostate cancer
6. Whole-breast irradiation after lumpectomy may protect women from recurrence long term
7. Whole body PET proves accurate in detecting breast cancer spread
8. Whole grains reduce long-term risk of type 2 diabetes in men
9. Whole-organ pancreas transplants and partial liver transplant programs arepriorities for renowned transplant surgeon at Cedars-Sinai
10. Truth in advertising

Post Your Comments:

(Date:12/4/2019)... SEA, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... December 04, 2019 ... ... trademarked as Tex-OE, Opuntia Mesocarp Extract®, provides protection from disruptions to cells and ... at countering the menace of Jet Lag, is available in a dietary supplement ...
(Date:12/4/2019)... HILL, N.C. (PRWEB) , ... December 04, 2019 , ... ... their families easily find their way around the campuses of UNC Medical Center in ... inside the two hospitals, parking garages, clinics and more. , The free interactive app, ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... 2019 , ... Interim HealthCare Inc. , a national franchisor of home ... Optimas Awards . Selected for its multi-pronged approach to building a strong workforce, Interim ... caregiver shortage. By 2025, the U.S. will need to hire 2.5 million new healthcare ...
(Date:11/30/2019)... ... November 29, 2019 , ... NJ Top Doc, Paul Kovatis, MD has ... positions. He has gained tremendous recognition and has received many awards over the past ... all aspects of lower extremity orthopedics. Through his training at Level I trauma centers, ...
(Date:11/27/2019)... ... November 27, 2019 , ... An October 31 article ... about having cosmetic work done before appearing on the reality TV show. She revealed ... injections to smooth out frown lines she’s had since she was a teenager. The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2019)... ... 06, 2019 , ... Plant Life Company announced it has ... division of Horticultural Holdings LLC) to recommend Plant Life Company’s line of superior ... a team of disciplined and energetic plant lovers formally educated in horticulture and ...
(Date:12/4/2019)... MESA, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... December 04, 2019 , ... ... Mind and Medicine, an Orange County drug and alcohol rehab center and ... Program! Members of their team conducted street outreach, trained, and distributed Naloxone amongst members ...
(Date:12/2/2019)... ... December 02, 2019 , ... ... A Mission for Michael, an intensive mental health facility, announced it has named ... client relations, business development and national advocacy efforts. , "We are proud to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: