Five Others From University Of Pittsburgh Listed By The Institute For Scientific Information
PITTSBURGH, May 12 -- Transplant pioneer Thomas E. Starzl, M.D., Ph.D., has had the most impact in clinical medicine in the past 17 years, according to a ranking of the number of times researchers' publications have been cited by others in the medical literature. Dr. Starzl, professor of surgery at the University of Pittsburgh, tops the list compiled by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and published in the May/June issue of ScienceWatch.
According to ISI, the ranking is a measure of a researcher's influence and his work's utility in the field of clinical medicine. Between Jan. 1981 and June 1998, Dr. Starzl's publications were cited 26,456 times, about 4,000 more times than the second-ranked researcher, Steven A. Rosenberg, M.D., of the National Cancer Institute. The ISI analysis included only those citations in clinical medicine journals.
ISI also examined citations in four main subfields: cardiology, oncology, surgery/transplantation and epidemiology. Dr. Starzl ranked first in the surgery/transplantation listing, and three other University of Pittsburgh researchers made this top-10 list as well. They are Shunzaburo Iwatsuki, M.D., professor of surgery at the Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, ranked 3rd; Satoru Todo, M.D., now of Hokkaido University School of Medicine in Japan, ranked 4th; and Richard L. Simmons, M.D., professor of surgery and former chairman of the department of surgery, ranked 6th. The top-10 list also includes two others who have trained and worked under Dr. Starzl at the University of Pittsburgh.
Michael T. Lotze, M.D., professor of surgery and molecular genetics and biochemistry at the University of Pittsburgh and co-director of the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute's Biological Therapeutics Program, was listed 10th in the oncology category.