UF Psychiatrists Use Antidepressants To Treat Smoking Addiction

GAINESVILLE---University of Florida psychiatrists are wielding new weapons in the war against nicotine addiction: antidepressants.

Part of a three-pronged approach that may include nicotine replacement therapy and counseling, the idea is to help smokers kick the habit by tackling addiction at its root: long-lasting changes in brain chemistry that train the brain to expect new levels of pleasure it eventually considers normal.

This chemical conditioning occurs gradually, but the changes persist for months after someone stops smoking, setting the stage for relapse, reports UF substance abuse expert Dr. Mark Gold in an article on tobacco smoking and nicotine dependence in the current edition of the "Journal of Addictive Diseases."

As a result, many people who try to quit report feeling irritable, moody and even depressed, said Gold, professor of psychiatry, neuroscience, community health and family medicine at the UF Brain Institute and UF's College of Medicine.

Smoking tobacco, like smoking heroin or cocaine, is "profoundly addictive," and nicotine dependence is particularly resistant to treatment, he said. Treatment programs for alcoholism and cocaine addiction are effective at least half the time.

In contrast, although 80 percent of smokers want to stop, only 20 to 30 percent of those who do are smoke-free a year later. Less than 5 percent quit successfully with no intervention.

"This is a very, very tenacious addiction," said UF psychiatrist Dr. Douglas Eaton, an addiction medicine specialist. "This is as hard an addiction to crack as heroin or cocaine -- right up there with the biggies."

Up to now, many physicians have relied solely on the nicotine patch, which helps smokers cope with acute withdrawal symptoms.

"Social prohibitions, the stigma and health information that smoking is bad for you works for some people," Gold says. "Who is left? People with a pathological

Contact: Melanie Fridl Roass
University of Florida

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Penn professor earns 2004 award from the American College of Psychiatrists
2. Antidepressants may increase risk of abnormal bleeding
3. Antidepressants are not safe for children
4. Antidepressants decrease chronic pain by inhibiting TNF production in brain, UB researchers find
5. Antidepressants impair cognitive function in the elderly
6. Antidepressants Can Lead To Mouth Infections
7. Treatment of cardiac lesions without anaesthesic
8. Treating depression helps slow physical decline in older adults, study shows
9. Treatment guidelines for kids with bipolar disorder published
10. University of Washington joins new Autism Treatment Network to provide better medical services
11. Treatment for brain tumor does not always follow recommendations

Post Your Comments:

(Date:8/15/2019)... ... August 15, 2019 , ... ... pathology residents who have been directly affected by the closure of Hahnemann University ... donations gathered during the campaign, the ASCP Foundation will be making hardship grants ...
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... 14, 2019 , ... Teguar Corporation has claimed the #3719 position on the ... established as a mark of success for some of Americas top companies and has ... list in 2015, 2016 and 2017. This year, Teguar secured a spot on the ...
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... ... New Hampshire-based Vera Roasting Company , makers of the only CBD coffee ... CBD-infused coffees with the release of a new higher-dosage organic Wellness Blend Coffee ... excited to expand our CBD-infused product lines to include a more potent CBD coffee ...
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... 14, 2019 , ... While it is commonly understood that good nutrition promotes ... can help them manage and, in some cases, reverse certain medical conditions, according to ... of U.S. adults are trying to manage a health or medical condition by making ...
(Date:8/12/2019)... ... August 12, 2019 , ... Parents craving a nutritious and delicious snack ... but also help feed children in need. IsaKids® Super Smoothie is one of three ... Tennessee. The global health and wellness company also debuted Organic Greens, an updated version ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... 14, 2019 , ... Bach Pharma, Inc., a company based ... platform GVT (Monosodium Luminol), created to treat and cure multiple neurodegenerative diseases including ... multiple animal studies have proven that GVT has the potential to help millions ...
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... August 14, 2019 , ... Canyon State Veterinary Specialties ... With pet care at the forefront of design, the project includes dedicated spaces ... Twelve exam rooms, office space and a dedicated grieving space round out this ...
(Date:8/14/2019)... ... August 13, 2019 , ... Ageless Innovation LLC, ... through the power of play, is proud to announce its Joy for All ... Awards. Today’s Caregiver, the first national magazine for all family and professional caregivers, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: