HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Vaccine reduces racial disparity in incidence of childhood pneumonia and meningitis

A vaccine that was distributed beginning in 2000 has reduced the incidence of childhood pneumonia and meningitis and has helped to decrease the excess incidence among black Americans, according to a study in the May 12 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

"Historically, blacks in the United States have higher incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (i.e., pneumonia and meningitis) than whites, with the widest disparities occurring among children in the first 2 years of life and among adults 18 to 64 years old," according to background information in the article. Following recommendation of a new vaccine (7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) for children in October 2000, the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease has declined dramatically, but the impact of vaccination on racial disparities in incidence of pneumococcal disease has not been known.

Brendan Flannery, Ph.D., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed data from the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs)/Emerging Infections Program Network, an active, population-based surveillance system in 7 states. The data included 15,923 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease occurring between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2002.

The researchers found that between 1998 and 2002, annual incidence rates for invasive pneumococcal disease decreased from 19.0 to 12.1 cases per 100,000 among whites and from 54.9 to 26.5 among blacks. "Due to these declines, 14,730 fewer cases occurred among whites and 8,780 fewer cases occurred among blacks in the United States in 2002, compared with the average number in two prevaccine years, 1998 and 1999. Before vaccine introduction, incidence among blacks was 2.9 times higher than among whites; in 2002, the black-white rate ratio had been reduced to 2.2. Incidence among black children younger than 2 years went from being 3.3 times higher than among white children in the prevacc
'"/>

Contact: Llewlyn Grant
404-639-7286
JAMA and Archives Journals
11-May-2004


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Vaccine against childhood pneumonia shows promise
2. Vaccine may complement conventional treatment for chronic leukaemia
3. Vaccine preparedness, or not
4. Oct. 14 Web cast: Reporters Workshop -- Covering Vaccines & Immunizations
5. Vaccine nips breast cancer in the bud
6. Vaccine shows promise for kidney cancer
7. Vaccine development against influenza A (h5n1) virus should be made a priority
8. Vaccines against fatal African cattle fever
9. Vaccine development sparks debate on changes to cervical cancer screening guidelines
10. Vaccine shortage study exposes nations patchwork system
11. Vaccines prevent cancers of the liver and cervix

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/10/2018)... BOISE, Idaho (PRWEB) , ... December 10, 2018 , ... Five years ago, Erica Lester ... married to a darling man who loved me to pieces. I had two beautiful daughters. ... But inside, I was miserable.” , Lester says she spent most days struggling to ...
(Date:12/8/2018)... ... December 07, 2018 , ... “The ... juncture in world affairs, U.S. leadership and funding at the United Nations matters. ... strides in reducing extreme poverty and advancing global health plus meaningful reforms in ...
(Date:12/6/2018)... ... December 06, 2018 , ... We all know ... are alternative solutions. M.D.-formulated Relaxium Calm is a dietary supplement developed to promote ... Sensoril®, an extract of the ashwagandha root. Ashwagandha is a powerful herb that ...
(Date:12/5/2018)... ... December 05, 2018 , ... ... of the first plastic surgery practices in Houston to offer the BodyTitePRO treatment. ... his patients an innovative range of surgical and noninvasive techniques to improve the ...
(Date:12/5/2018)... ... December 05, 2018 , ... Advanced ... Consulting services, announced its new office location in Paris, France during the Partnerships ... clinical trial operations in Europe and additional in-country personnel. , “The new office ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/29/2018)... Fla. (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2018 , ... ... practitioner-channel dietary supplement company – announced today the launch of the Annatto-E™ product ... annatto plant (Bixa orellana). Backed by clinical research, DFH’s new Annatto-E™ products are ...
(Date:11/29/2018)... , ... November 29, 2018 , ... ... This unique product makes the company’s powerful electronic forms and eSignatures functionality accessible ... progress by leaps and bounds in the consumer space and it’s about time ...
(Date:11/28/2018)... Israel (PRWEB) , ... November 28, 2018 , ... ... is traveling to Israel’s Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer this week to form ... hospital in his home country, the Democratic Republic of Congo. , On ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: