HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Visual inspection: A low-tech tool for reducing cervical cancer rates

Visual inspection of the cervix, or neck of the womb, coupled with immediate treatment of any abnormalities may be the most cost-effective, comprehensive way to reduce cervical cancer in Thailand and other poor nations, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins and Georgetown universities. The scientists, who worked with reproductive health experts in Thailand, published their results in today's issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Using data from Thai statistics on prevalence and costs of cervical cancer, as well as careful estimates of the quality of assorted screening tests, researchers developed a computer model to mimic the natural history of cervical conditions that lead to cancer.

They used the model to compare the costs and benefits of three screening techniques for cervical cancer: visual inspection; DNA testing for human papilloma virus (HPV), a known precursor of cervical cancer; or traditional Pap smears. In visual inspection, a health professional wipes a patient's cervix with acetic acid (vinegar), then looks for tissue abnormalities. Tissue harboring precancerous lesions turns white when exposed to vinegar.

Comparing each strategy with the next least expensive alternative, researchers found that visual inspection every five years in women ages 35 to 55, with immediate treatment where indicated being accepted by most women with eligible lesions, was the most cost-effective option at $517 per year of life saved. Only if HPV testing could be provided for $5 and 90 percent of patients agreed to follow-up care could HPV screening provide similar results, at a cost of $679 per life year saved. Pap smears would be as efficient only if at least 90 percent of the women received follow-up care and the tests were at least 80 percent sensitive in accurately detecting precancerous lesions.

Compared to no screening, the scientists estimate that visual inspection could achieve an 83 percent reduction in cervical
'"/>

Contact: Karen Blum
kblum@jhmi.edu
410-955-1534
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
2-Oct-2002


Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. NSF, AAAS announce winners of 2004 Visualization contest
2. Non-Invasive Techniques To Visualize Heart Disease Confirm Importance Of Pre-Menopausal Risk Factors, Find U. Of Pgh. Researchers
3. Visual Environment Can Affect Even Healthy Eyes --- Nature Works With Nuture For Good Vision
4. Neurotransmission Machinery Visualized For The First Time
5. How effective are herbal supplements in reducing illnesses in children?
6. Reviparin effective in reducing risk of death after heart attack
7. Fat quality more important than fat quantity in reducing risk of cardiovascular deaths in men
8. Type of weight loss surgery more effective at reducing insulin resistance
9. Program effective at reducing depression in teens
10. HPV vaccine shown effective at reducing cancer-causing infections
11. Team-centered program effective in reducing disordered eating among athletes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:9/22/2017)... ... , ... “Fruit of the Spirit: “Love””: a delightful adventure of two ... “Fruit of the Spirit: “Love”” is the creation of published author, Halimah Jones, who ... five. Halimah is an avid writer, her inspiration for “Fruit of the Spirit: “Love”” ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... September 22, 2017 , ... ... preserve fertility and create life. Although frozen embryos have a slight statistical advantage ... , “Egg freezing is a wonderful opportunity for women undergoing medical treatment or ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 , ... 38-Year-Old ... Aesthetic Surgery Center in Naples, Florida is pleased to announce that Plastic Surgeon Kiranjeet ... Top 40 Under 40 is an annual award that was started in ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... lunch and learn with Infinity Behavioral Health Services for professionals in the addiction ... a Commercial Payer Audit . , Insurance companies and state and federal ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... communities, nine governmental public health departments have been awarded five-year accreditation status through ... that the benefits of being served by a PHAB-accredited health department now ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/7/2017)... 2017 NuvoAir (formerly called Pond Healthcare ... a partnership with Novartis Pharma AG to distribute NuvoAir,s spirometry ... the leading mobile spirometry platform and Novartis, commitment to address ... ... ...
(Date:9/6/2017)... TORONTO , Sept. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... new knowledge and skills while treating their ... for hands-on experience without involving patients. Simulation ... skills. Clinicians can carry out procedures, refine ... at risk. Integration of new technology, such ...
(Date:9/5/2017)... , Sept. 5, 2017 Sapheneia and ... DoseCheck solution. Scannerside DoseCheck is a third-party Vendor neutral ... CT scanners and allows compliance with current MITA standards. ... proprietary XR 29 DoseCheck solution is specifically designed to ... alerts of potential radiation doses over a predefined threshold. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: