HOME >> MEDICINE >> NEWS
Why heart transplant patients resume smoking revealed in University of Pittsburgh study

PITTSBURGH, April 11 Nearly half of ex-smokers who receive heart transplants resume smoking at some point after their life-saving operation, and now researchers have good evidence to suggest who is at risk of relapse. Results of a University of Pittsburgh study presented at the 22nd Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation outline for the first time the strongest predictors for smoking relapse in heart transplant patients.

Leading the list: a short abstinence period before transplantation, bouts of depression or anxiety within a few months of the transplant and a caregiver who smokes.

"Understanding which patients go back to smoking should help us design more effective intervention strategies to aggressively target high risk patients as well as their caregivers," reported Carol Stilley, Ph.D., assistant professor of nursing and psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh schools of Nursing and Medicine.

"Among the general population, about 90 percent of those who try to quit will relapse within a year, so in many ways our transplant patients are showing much greater willpower. Yet the detrimental effects of smoking depend on how much and for how long someone smoked, and in an immunosuppressed patient, these detrimental effects are likely to be much greater," added Mary Amanda Dew, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry, psychology and epidemiology, and the study director.

Drugs that transplant patients take to prevent organ rejection suppress their immune systems, making these patients more susceptible to infections and cancers. A smoking history and relapse to smoking could very well compound cancer risks for transplant patients. Indeed, in recent years, transplant teams have seen more of their heart transplant patients develop inoperable lung tumors -- all previous smokers -- four to five years after their transplants. Smoking reduces survival; studies conducted in Europe have indicate
'"/>

Contact: Lisa Rossi
412-647-3555
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
11-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. New study in Nature demonstrates protection against cell death during heart attack
2. Uric acid and heart disease
3. Researchers search for first sign of congestive heart failure
4. Hopkins begins human trials with donor adult stem cells to repair muscle damaged from heart attack
5. Extreme exertion, emotion can spark repeat heart attacks
6. Men with severe sleep breathing disorder have higher risk of heart problems
7. Red wine protects the heart
8. Yale authors raise concerns regarding regionalized heart attack care
9. Community-based care beats standard clinic in lowering heart
10. Blacks less likely to get expensive, newer heart treatments
11. Vitamin E may not prevent cancer or cardiovascular events, but may increase risk for heart failure

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/5/2020)... South Africa (PRWEB) , ... August 05, 2020 , ... ... Invest Africa , the leading trade and investment platform for Africa, announced that they ... is for YPO Africa and Invest Africa to support each other in their African ...
(Date:8/5/2020)... ... August 04, 2020 , ... MemoryCare.com , a comprehensive ... Best Memory Care Facilities in Austin, Texas. The guide identifies 14 memory care ... According to the Alzheimer’s Association , 5.6 million people aged 65 and ...
(Date:8/3/2020)... ... 03, 2020 , ... Evolution Labs announced today that St. ... district-wide, developed to help students navigate a range of issues related to Mental ... must provide their students with preventative lessons after recent studies of social media ...
(Date:8/3/2020)... ... 03, 2020 , ... The process uses needlepoint bipolar ionization ... Arena, the Phoenix airport, the Mayo Clinic, Ramstein Air Force Base, Harvard University, ... Solutions (GPS), the manufacturers of the system, most viruses and other particles in ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 31, 2020 , ... Leaders of the ... internal medicine site in Savannah, GA. Visitors included Moncef Slaoui, chief advisor, and ... federal government announced the OWS program to accelerate the development, manufacturing, and distribution ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/12/2020)... , ... August 12, 2020 , ... ... (ASHA) is offering advice for parents of the more than 1 million ... their children perform and adjust to new virtual and modified in-person learning environments. ...
(Date:8/11/2020)... , ... August 11, 2020 , ... RCare, Inc. (Response ... over the past 6 months. This has been largely due to new major product ... need during the pandemic. RCare designed and custom-built the Rapid Deployment Kit (RDK), a ...
(Date:8/7/2020)... ... 07, 2020 , ... Glewed TV, a leading video-on-demand (VOD) ... content, today announced a partnership with award-winning director Charles Mattocks to air Eight ... The first reality TV series of its kind, Eight Days first aired on ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
Cached News: